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医学伦理学 ( Medical Ethics ). 曹永福 prof. M.D. 医学院医学伦理学系 Department of medical ethics , SDU School of medicine 地址:教学八楼 8203 室 电话: 88382077 电邮: cyongfu@sdu.edu.cn. Textbooks : People’s Medical Publishing House co. LTD. Textbooks Higher Education Press. English textbooks.

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医学伦理学 ( Medical Ethics )


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    1. 医学伦理学(Medical Ethics) • 曹永福 prof. M.D. • 医学院医学伦理学系 • Department of medical ethics , SDU School of medicine • 地址:教学八楼8203室 • 电话:88382077 • 电邮:cyongfu@sdu.edu.cn

    2. Textbooks:People’s Medical Publishing House co. LTD

    3. Textbooks Higher Education Press

    4. English textbooks

    5. Some academic journals

    6. The journal of medicine and philosophy

    7. 伦理学:王海明

    8. Chapter 1 Introduction • Section 1 Medical ethics & medicine • Section 2 Morality & medical morality • Section 3 Why to learn medical ethics • Section 4 How to learn medical ethics

    9. Case-1 • 2007年11月21日,怀孕9个月的李某某因呼吸困难,在其男友肖某某的陪同下赴北京某医院检查,医生检查发现孕妇及胎儿均生命垂危,建议行剖宫产手术,但肖某某多次拒绝签字。 • 在抢救了3小时后,医生宣布孕妇抢救无效死亡。

    10. Case-2 2008年1月11日,浙江德清人民医院收治产妇周某某,大出血,生命垂危,需要切除子宫,但其丈夫拒绝签字同意手术。 该家医院由两名主治医生联合签字手术,产妇顺利产下一名男婴,母子平安。

    11. Discussion • The practice of which hospital do you agree with?

    12. Chapter 1 Introduction • Section 1 Medical ethics & medicine • Section 2 Morality & medical morality • Section 3 Why to learn medical ethics • Section 4 How to learn medical ethics

    13. Section 1 Medical ethics & medicine • The character of medical ethics • Category and meaning of ethics • Medical ethics has been the integral part of the medicine • The concept of medical ethics • The category in the history • The modern meaning

    14. The category of ethics • 规范伦理学 • Normative ethics • 元伦理学 • Meta-ethics • 美德伦理学 • Virtue ethics • 描述伦理学 • Descriptive ethics

    15. Normative ethics • To construct the morality system (norm, standard) • To achieve the purpose of improve society and the mankind itself • Moral principles • Justice, equality, humanity、freedom happiness • Moral rules • Honesty, cherish life, self-esteem, modesty, wisdom, restraint, braveness, the doctrine of the mean

    16. Meta-ethics • About the meaning of the ethics concepts and the justification of moral judgment • Category: value, good & evil, ought, right;fact & is • The justification of meta-ethics: is→ought

    17. Virtue ethics • To achieve the good human morality • To cultivate the virtue • Moral evaluation • Conscience and reputation • Moral cultivation • Moral education &self-education

    18. Descriptive ethics • Some humanities and social subject are related to morality • Sociology, psychology, anthropology, folklore and so on • Moral sociology, moral psychology, moral anthropology, moral folkloreand so on

    19. The modern meaning of ethics • The subject of studying human morality • The method and process to determine morality, the achievement of morality • Meta-ethics: the method to determine the code of ethics • Descriptive and normative ethics: the process to determine the code of ethics • Virtue ethics: to achieve the code of ethics

    20. Section 1 Medical ethics & medicine • The character of medical ethics • Category and meaning of ethics • Medical ethics has been the integral part of the medicine • The concept of medical ethics • The category in the history • The modern meaning

    21. Humanistic medicine: the new extension of the medicine • Bio-medicine & humanistic medicine • Medical ethics is a branch of humanistic medicine • Inter-disciplinary→the component of modern medicine • A branch of Chinese medical association • Exam course to obtain qualification of physicians

    22. 医学门类 • 1001 基础医学 • 1002 临床医学 • 1003 口腔医学 • 1004 公共卫生与预防医学 • 1005 中医学 • 1006 中西医结合 • 1007 药学 • 1008 中药学

    23. 《将人文溶入医学:发展医学人文学科的一种模式》《将人文溶入医学:发展医学人文学科的一种模式》 • 在“医学”门类下设第九个一级学科——“人文医学” • 在“人文医学”一级学科下设诸多二级学科 • 医学哲学;医学伦理学;医学心理学;医学法学;医学社会学;医患沟通… • 《中国高等医学教育》(1/2007)

    24. Medical Ethics in SDU Ethics Qilu University: medicine is the art of benevolence (“医乃仁术”) Medical ethics Shandong medical university: professional ethics education Medical ethics SDU School of medicine: professional foundation course

    25. 齐鲁大学时期开设伦理学课程

    26. 齐鲁大学时期开设医师伦理学课程

    27. Medical Ethics in SDU Ethics Qilu University:“医乃仁术” Medical ethics Shandong medical university: professional ethics education Medical ethics SDU School of medicine: professional foundation course

    28. Section 1 Medical ethics & medicine • The character of medical ethics • Category and meaning of ethics • Medical ethics is the integral part of the medicine • The concept of medical ethics • The category in the history • The modern meaning

    29. The category in the history 医德学 Medical morals 医学伦理学 Bio-medical ethics 近现代医学伦理学 Medical ethics 生命伦理学Bioethics

    30. Medical skill accompany medical ethics The history of western medicine and traditional Chinese medicine is the history of medical ethics The ancient medical books & practice of the physicians the commandment and virtue of physicians Physician- patient relationship Self-discipline 1.Medical morals

    31. Thought of ancient Chinese medical ethics

    32. Thought of ancient Chinese medical ethics • 医德典故 • “杏林春暖” • “誉满杏林” • “杏林” • 医界的代名词

    33. Thought of ancient Chinese medical ethics

    34. Qilu University:“博施济众,广智求真”

    35. Thought of ancient western medicine • “The father of medicine” • Hippocrates Corpus • Textbooks, lectures, research, notes and philosophical essays on various subjects in medicine • Hippocrates oath • On arts

    36. The category in the history 医德学 Medical morals 医学伦理学 Bio-medical ethics 近现代医学伦理学 Medical ethics 生命伦理学Bioethics

    37. 小品文:医师是什么?※ • 格特修斯:医师的三副面孔:人-天使-魔鬼 • 伏尔泰:医生将他所知不多的药,倾入他所知更少的人。 • 泰勒: 医生就是开出处方,等病人死亡或者自然痊愈的人。 • 爱迪生:我们可以设定一个原理:当一个国家的医生越多,人口就越少。 • ※ 李师郑编译:《世界医学史话》,台湾民生报出版局,1980年。

    38. 2.Mecical ethics • The modern hospital and the association of physicians were born • Physician-patient relationship & physician-physician relationship • Self-discipline in profession • Medical Ethics (Thomas Percival) • The document and works (books)in medical ethics • Declaration of Geneva(WMA) • International Code of Medical Ethics(WMA)

    39. The category in the history 医德学 Medical morals 医学伦理学 Bio-medical ethics 近现代医学伦理学 Medical ethics 生命伦理学Bioethics

    40. Karen Ann Quinlan • When she was 21, Quinlan became unconscious after arriving home from a party. she lapsed into a persistent vegetative state. After she was kept alive on a ventilator for several months without improvement, her parents requested the hospital to discontinue active care and allow her to die. The hospital refused. • Although she was removed from mechanical ventilation during 1976, she lived on in PVS for almost a decade until her death from pneumonia in 1985. March 29, 1954 – June 11, 1985

    41. 3.Bioethics • Many social, ethical and legal issues occurred with the development and clinical application of bio-medicine • Revival of life & life support technology, euthanasia and hospice care, assisted reproductive technology, organ transplantation, human trial, animal experiment, human gene technology, healthcare system reform and policy … • Social ethics intervention

    42. http://course.sdu.edu.cn/280.html