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Present forms. Made by Diana Yerzhina , LB1-11-40. Present. Simple (fact). Perfect (result). Perfect Progressive (result of process). Progressive (process). Present Simple Tense (do+V1). Examples of using. facts and permanent states Mark works for an advertising company.

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present forms

Present forms

Made by Diana Yerzhina, LB1-11-40

present
Present

Simple

(fact)

Perfect

(result)

Perfect Progressive

(result of process)

Progressive

(process)

examples of using
Examples of using
  • facts and permanent states

Mark works for an advertising company.

  • general truths and laws of nature

Oil floats on water.

  • habits and routines

He usually goes jogging in the mornings.

  • timetables and programs (in the future)

The plane to Madrid takes off at 6:30 pm.

  • sporting commentaries, reviews and narrations

Beckham wins the ball, then he crosses and Owen scores.

  • feelings and emotions

I love Paris, because it is a beautiful city.

examples of using1
Examples of using
  • actions taking place at or around the moment of speaking

The kids are playing video games in the living room.

  • temporary situations

They are painting the house.

  • fixed arrangements in the near future

I am going to a party tonight.

  • currently changing and developing situations

The rivers are becoming more and more polluted.

  • expressing of anger or irritation at a repeated action (with adverbs such as always)

She is always biting her nails when someone talks to her.

examples of using2
Examples of using
  • actions which happened at an unstated time in the past. The exact time is not mentioned, because the action is more important.

Tom has broken his arm.

  • actions which started in the past and are still continuing in the present

Kim has been a chef since 1985.

  • actions which have recently finished and their results are visible in the present

I have painted the kitchen. Doesn’t it look nice?

  • talking about an experience

They have travelled through Europe.

slide9

Present Perfect Progressive Tense

(have+been+V4)

* Special questions are not used in Present Prefect Progressive Tense, because it is too hard to construct this form. (Jenny Dooley, Virginia Evans)

examples of using3
Examples of using
  • an action which started in the past and continues up to the present

She has been typing letters for three hours.

  • an action which has recently finished and its result is evident now

They are tired. They have been working for nine hours.

  • expressing irritation

Where were you? I have been waiting for you for two hours!

resources
Resources
  • Virginia Evans, Jenny Dooley

«Enterprise. Grammar 2. Student’s book».

  • Virginia Evans, Jenny Dooley

«Upstream. Pre-intermediate B1. Student’s book».

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