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Poetry - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Poetry. Poetry is all about 5 things…. Expression Observation Ideas Emotions Words and Opinions. The way a poem sounds is a big part of what a poem is about. Some poems have a musical sound. That is largely due to rhythm, rhyme, and meter. Rhythm.

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poetry is all about 5 things
Poetry is all about 5 things…
  • Expression
  • Observation
  • Ideas
  • Emotions
  • Words and Opinions
slide3

The way a poem sounds is a big part of what a poem is about.

  • Some poems have a musical sound. That is largely due to rhythm, rhyme, and meter.
rhythm
Rhythm
  • The beat of the poem that helps to keep the poems pace. It is the actual sound the poem makes when reading.
    • Rhythm is established by stressed and unstressed syllables.
rhyme
Rhyme
  • Words that share sounds together
    • End Rhyme: Rhyming at the ends of lines
    • Internal Rhyme: Rhyming within a line.
rhyme scheme
Rhyme Scheme
  • The alternating or repeating sounds at the ends of lines. It is the pattern of rhyme at the end of a line.
meter
Meter
  • The repeated pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables.
stanza
Stanza
  • A group of lines put together by often a single thought.
    • A stanza is like a paragraph in prose.
couplet
Couplet
  • Two lines together that rhyme.
  • A pair of rhyming lines usually with the same meter.
quatrain
Quatrain
  • Four lines that have a specific rhyme scheme
figurative language
Figurative Language
  • A literary device used throughout literature.
    • Figurative language includes words, phrases, and symbols or ideas, comparisons, elaborate expressions, and sound devices.
simile
Simile
  • A comparison between 2 unlike things with the words “like” or “as”.
    • EX: He is as strong as a ox.
metaphor
Metaphor
  • A comparison between two unlike things
    • EX: That man is an ox

* Extended Metaphor: a metaphor that is extended over several lines or throughout the poem.

sensory details
Sensory Details
  • Using the senses to create images.
symbolism
Symbolism
  • A visible object that stands for something not clearly visible.
  • Symbolism adds a layer of meaning.
repetition
Repetition
  • Repeating of sounds.
    • Alliteration: repeating of consonant sounds at the beginning of words
      • Blue Black Cold
    • Assonance: Repeating of vowel sounds in the middle of words.
      • Moses Supposes his toeses is roses.
slide18

Poetry may use language and symbols in surprising and unconventional ways.

  • They can manipulate the look through sound and punctuation.
kinds of poems
Kinds of Poems
  • Limerick: a five line humorous poem. Limericks have a regular meter and rhyme scheme.
  • Sonnets: a 14 line rhyming poem written in Iambic Pentameter.
    • Iambic Pentameter: an alternating 5 stressed and 5 unstressed syllables.

* Lyric Poetry: a poem that draws on emotions and feelings.

kinds of poems1
Kinds of Poems
  • Blank Verse: an unrhymed iambic pentameter poem.
  • Free verse: unrhymed/unmetered poem.
  • Narrative Poem: tells a complete story and sometimes is very long.
  • Epic: a poem about an adventure typically of a superhuman hero.
    • EX: Iliad and Odyssey & Beowulf
slide21

Poetry expresses the ebb and flow of life in an uniquely personal voice that reachers across form and time.

major themes in poetry
Major Themes in Poetry
  • Death/Loss
  • Love
  • Family/ Friendship
  • Hardship/Humor
  • Growing Old
  • Growing Up
7 things you should notice while reading poetry
7 things you should notice while reading poetry.
  • Read Out Loud
  • Rhythm
  • Rhyme Schemes
  • Theme
  • Words/Phrases
  • Punctuation
  • Mood/Feeling
  • Format