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Colonial Culture. Religion’s impact on the 13 Colonies. The Good, The Bad and the Ugly: Religion in the 13 Colonies. The Good The desire for religious freedom was what motivated many to start colonies (Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Rhode Island, Connecticut)

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colonial culture

Colonial Culture

Religion’s impact on the 13 Colonies

the good the bad and the ugly religion in the 13 colonies
The Good, The Bad and the Ugly: Religion in the 13 Colonies

The Good

  • The desire for religious freedom was what motivated many to start colonies (Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Rhode Island, Connecticut)
  • Religious groups laid the foundation for what it means to be an American

A. Puritan Work Ethic(Massachusetts)

B. Quaker (William Penn) idea of equality, abolition (anti-slavery), female suffrage, against mistreatment of Native Americans

C. Tolerance- In Maryland, Lord Baltimore passed the Act of Toleration, which welcomed all religious groups.

the good continued
The Good (Continued)
  • Religion gave colonists the confidence to challenge authority
  • Roger Williams was kicked out of Massachusetts and started Rhode Island because he disagreed with the Puritans

B. Thomas Hooker also left Massachusetts and started Connecticut because he disagreed with the Puritans. Hooker also authored the first written Constitution in the colonies-The Fundamental Orders of Connecticut

C. Anne Hutchinson belived in free speech, equality of women and the right of each person to interpret the Bible, she challneged the church and was banished.

the good continued1
The Good (Continued)
  • The Great Awakening was a spiritual renewal that swept the American Colonies
  • Church had become boring. Through the leadership of Jonathan Edwards and especially George Whitfield the colonists rediscovered the emotion and passion within religion.
  • Through the awakening the colonists gained even more confidence to challenge authority, they would eventually use this confidence to challenge the English crown during the American Revolution
the bad
The Bad
  • Intolerance- Puritans were very strict, forcing everyone to go to church, follow a strict moral code and interpret the Bible the way they did
  • Massacre- Some religious groups like the Puritans believed that they were on a mission from God and that it was OK to mistreat the Native Americans and take their land.
the ugly
The Ugly

The Boston Martyrs

  • Four Quakers were hung in Boston because they refused to leave the Massachusetts Bay Colony
  • Marmaduke Stephenson and William Robinson (1659), Mary Dyer (1660) and William Leddra (1661) broke the laws on purpose knowing they would be hung.
  • King Charles II intervened and overturned the law in 1661
the ugly1
The Ugly
  • The Salem Witch Trials 1692
  • For reasons that are unknown, a group of girls in Salem pretended to be possessed by the devil and tormented by evil spirits.
  • The girls accused many people in the town of being witches (many owned large tracts of land)
  • A trial was held for hundreds, many were found guilty based on the false witness of the girls
  • Nineteen men and women were hung and one man was pressed to death.