Ancient China. Hsia Dynasty to the Qin Dynasty. Neolithic China. The 4 Old-World River Valley Cultures. “Peking Man” (750,000 – 500,000 BCE). Sinanthropus pekinesis. Yellow River Civilization. People were from the Yangshao Culture
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Ancient China Hsia Dynasty to the Qin Dynasty
“Peking Man”(750,000 – 500,000 BCE) Sinanthropuspekinesis
Yellow River Civilization People were from the Yangshao Culture Best archaeological site for evidence of this group is called Ban Po
Neolithic Pottery 3000 BCE to2000 BCE
Hsia Dynasty 2200 - 1600 BCE aka Xia Dynasty 夏朝
Yu, the Great – Founder of the Hsia Received power when a leader named Shun passed power to him because he was seen as a perfect civil servant. He eliminated flooding and built canals to benefit the people. Instead of passing power to the most capable person he passed it downed to his son, starting the first Chinese Dynasty
“Huangdi” – Emperor • The “Yellow Emperor.” • Legend has it that he ruled for over 100 years. • Associated with the invention of wheeled vehicles, ships, armor, pottery, and silk-making.
Emperor Fuxi • Mythical Hsia ruler. • Taught the Chinese how to read and write, according to legend.
Shang Dynasty 1600-1046 BCE 商朝
Shang: 1600-1046 BCE Surrounds the Yellow River Started when they overthrow the Hsai (Xia) Master craftsmen with Bronze Used silk Aristocrats waged war with each other Begin ancestral worship Strong belief in the after life Held human sacrifices Buried slaves alive with royal members
The Evolution of ChineseWriting during the Shang Pictographs Semantic-Phonetics
Axe Scepter – 1100 BCE - jade Ceremonial Dagger – 1028 BCE
Zhou Dynasty 1022 - 256 BCE 周朝
Zhou Dynasty Take over after they revolted from the Shang Divided the kingdom into territories, each with their own ruler No real government power - Zhou ruled by alliances Expanded territory to the Yangtze River (Central China) Banned human sacrifice Established a standard spoken language Zhou loses control in 700’s BCE
“T’ien Ming” The Mandate of Heaven • The leader must lead by ability and virtue. • The dynasty's leadership must be justified by succeeding generations. • The mandate could be revoked by negligence and abuse; the will of the people was important.
A new dynasty comes to power. The emperorreforms the govt.& makes it moreefficient. Start here Emperor isdefeated !! Lives of common people improved;taxes reduced;farming encouraged. TheDynasticCycle Rebel bands findstrong leader whounites them.Attack the emperor. Problems begin(extensive wars,invasions, etc.) Poor loserespect for govt.They join rebels& attack landlords. Taxes increase;men forced towork for army.Farming neglected. Droughts,floods,famines occur. Govt. increasesspending; corruption.