Comparative and Superlative Forms. But we use more, most before words ending in ed. For example: Everyone was pleased at the results, but Vicky was the most pleased. We also use more, most with three-syllable adjectives (e.g. ex-cit- ing ) and with longer ones.
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But we use more, most before words ending in ed.
Everyone was pleased at the results, but Vicky was the most pleased.
We also use more, most with three-syllable
adjectives (e.g. ex-cit-ing) and with longer ones.
The film was more exciting than the book. This dress is interesting project.more elegant. We did the most
This machine is the most reliable.
We form the comparative and superlative of short adjectives (e.g. cheap) and long adjectives (e.g.
expensive) in different ways.
Short word, e.g.
cheap: cheaper (the) cheapest
Long word, e.g.
expensive: more expensive (the) most expensive
One-syllable adjectives (e.g. small, nice) usually have
the er, est ending.
Your hi-fi is smaller.
Emma needs a bigger computer.
This is the nicest colour.
This room is the warmest.
Some two-syllable adjectives have adjectives (e.g. er, est, and some have more, most. Look at this information.
1 Words ending in a consonant + y have er, est, e.g. happy * happier, happiest.
Examples are: busy, dirty, easy, funny, happy, heavy, lovely, lucky, pretty, silly, tidy
2 Some words have er, est OR more, most, e.g. adjectives (e.g.
narrow ► narrower, narrowest OR more narrow, most narrowest.
Examples are: clever, common, cruel, gentle, narrow, pleasant, polite, quiet, simple, stupid, tired .
3 The following words have adjectives (e.g. more, most, e.g. useful * more useful, most useful.
a Words ending in ful or less, e.g. careful, helpful, useful; hopeless
b Words ending in ing or ed, e.g. boring, willing; annoyed, surprised
c Many others, e.g. afraid, certain, correct, eager, exact, famous, foolish, frequent, modern, nervous, normal,
There are some special spelling rules for the er and est endings.
1 e -> er, est, e.g. nice ~> nicer, nicest, large ~> larger, largets.
Also brave, fine, safe, etc
2 y-> ier, iest after a consonant, e.g. happy -> happier, happiest.
Also lovely, lucky, pretty, etc
3 Words ending in a single vowel letter + single consonant letter -> double the consonant
e.g. hot -> hotter, hottest, big -> bigger, biggest.
Also fit, sad, thin, wet, etc (but w does not change, e.g. new -> newer)
Some adverbs have the same form as an adjective, e.g. early, fast, hard, high, late, long, near.
They form the comparative and superlative with er, est.
Can't you run faster than that? Andrew works the hardest.
Note also the spelling of earlier and earliest.
Many adverbs are an adjective + consonant letter -> double the consonant ly, e.g. carefully, easily, nicely, slowly.
They form the comparative and superlative with more, most.
We could do this more easily with a computer.
Of all the players it was Matthew who planned his tactics the most carefully.
In informal English we use consonant letter -> double the consonant cheaper, cheapest, louder, loudest, quicker, quickest and slower, slowest rather than more cheaply, the most loudly, etc.
Melanie reacted the quickest. You should drive
slower in fog.
Note the forms sooner, soonest and more often, most often.
Try to get home sooner. I must exercise more often .
Good, well, bad, badly and far have irregular forms.
. ,bad, fargoodADJECTIVE/
well, badly. ADVERB /
better, worse, farther/further./COMPARATIVE
best, worst, farthest/furthest. /SUPERLATIVE
Examples: consonant letter -> double the consonant
You've got the best handwriting.
How much further are we going?
We can use elder, eldest + noun instead of older,
oldest, but only for people in the same family.
My elder/older sister got married last year.