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Comparative and Superlative Forms. But we use more, most before words ending in ed. For example: Everyone was pleased at the results, but Vicky was the most pleased. We also use more, most with three-syllable adjectives (e.g. ex-cit- ing ) and with longer ones.

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Comparative and

Superlative

Forms


But we use more, most before words ending in ed.

For example:

Everyone was pleased at the results, but Vicky was the most pleased.

We also use more, most with three-syllable

adjectives (e.g. ex-cit-ing) and with longer ones.

The film was more exciting than the book. This dress is interesting project.more elegant. We did the most

This machine is the most reliable.


We form the comparative and superlative of short adjectives (e.g. cheap) and long adjectives (e.g.

expensive) in different ways.

COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE

Short word, e.g.

cheap: cheaper (the) cheapest

Long word, e.g.

expensive: more expensive (the) most expensive


Short and long adjectives
Short and long adjectives adjectives (e.g.

One-syllable adjectives (e.g. small, nice) usually have

the er, est ending.

Examples:

Your hi-fi is smaller.

Emma needs a bigger computer.

This is the nicest colour.

This room is the warmest.


Some two-syllable adjectives have adjectives (e.g. er, est, and some have more, most. Look at this information.

TWO-SYLLABLE ADJECTIVES

1 Words ending in a consonant + y have er, est, e.g. happy * happier, happiest.

Examples are: busy, dirty, easy, funny, happy, heavy, lovely, lucky, pretty, silly, tidy


2 Some words have er, est OR more, most, e.g. adjectives (e.g.

narrow ► narrower, narrowest OR more narrow, most narrowest.

Examples are: clever, common, cruel, gentle, narrow, pleasant, polite, quiet, simple, stupid, tired .


3 The following words have adjectives (e.g. more, most, e.g. useful * more useful, most useful.

a Words ending in ful or less, e.g. careful, helpful, useful; hopeless

b Words ending in ing or ed, e.g. boring, willing; annoyed, surprised

c Many others, e.g. afraid, certain, correct, eager, exact, famous, foolish, frequent, modern, nervous, normal,

recent


Spelling
Spelling adjectives (e.g.

There are some special spelling rules for the er and est endings.

1 e -> er, est, e.g. nice ~> nicer, nicest, large ~> larger, largets.

Also brave, fine, safe, etc

2 y-> ier, iest after a consonant, e.g. happy -> happier, happiest.

Also lovely, lucky, pretty, etc


3 Words ending in a single vowel letter + single consonant letter -> double the consonant

e.g. hot -> hotter, hottest, big -> bigger, biggest.

Also fit, sad, thin, wet, etc (but w does not change, e.g. new -> newer)


The comparison of adverbs
The comparison of adverbs consonant letter -> double the consonant

Some adverbs have the same form as an adjective, e.g. early, fast, hard, high, late, long, near.

They form the comparative and superlative with er, est.

Can't you run faster than that? Andrew works the hardest.

Note also the spelling of earlier and earliest.


Many adverbs are an adjective + consonant letter -> double the consonant ly, e.g. carefully, easily, nicely, slowly.

They form the comparative and superlative with more, most.

We could do this more easily with a computer.

Of all the players it was Matthew who planned his tactics the most carefully.


In informal English we use consonant letter -> double the consonant cheaper, cheapest, louder, loudest, quicker, quickest and slower, slowest rather than more cheaply, the most loudly, etc.

Melanie reacted the quickest. You should drive

slower in fog.

Note the forms sooner, soonest and more often, most often.

Try to get home sooner. I must exercise more often .


Irregular forms
Irregular forms consonant letter -> double the consonant

Good, well, bad, badly and far have irregular forms.

. ,bad, fargoodADJECTIVE/

well, badly. ADVERB /

better, worse, farther/further./COMPARATIVE

best, worst, farthest/furthest. /SUPERLATIVE


Examples: consonant letter -> double the consonant

You've got the best handwriting.

How much further are we going?

We can use elder, eldest + noun instead of older,

oldest, but only for people in the same family.

My elder/older sister got married last year.


Thank you for your attention
Thank you for your consonant letter -> double the consonant attention….


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