Lesson 1 Sonnets, Shakespeare, and You: How to rhyme your way into the hearts of another Lesson Goals: Examine structure of a sonnet Analyze texts
A specific type of poem • Originated in Italy • Shakespeare is famous for writing them • Wrote a series of 154 Sonnets • They are named by the number; no real title! What is a Sonnet?
14 line poem • 3 Quatrains (a four line stanza) • Each stanza rhymes every other line • ABAB • 1 Couplet (two lines that rhyme) • Rhyme Scheme • ABAB CDCD EFEF GG What makes up a Sonnet?
After Turkey Day, the garbage bags sat;My dog was tempted by the tasty sight.He tore them open, gorged big, and grew fat,But first he made a mess and caused some blight. He ate some hot sauce and blueberry pies,Then laid around and moaned out loud in pain.I worried in my heart of his demise,And tried to scrub the purple carpet stain. He slowly came around and waddled slow,His belly wide and nearly to the floor.So sad to see my hungry doggy growSo portly wide, he barely fit his door. He survived, but still he is more than stout.I’ve learned. Next time I’ll take the garbage out! Where are/is… Quatrains? Couplet? Rhyme Scheme? EXAMPLES ARE THE GREATEST
Open books to page 225 in Springboard! 1) Listen to Sonnet 18 first; what do you notice? 2) What does the poem seem to be about? Sonnet 18
In your books, and together, we are going to mark the elements of a sonnet for Sonnet 18 • Draw boxes around the quatrains • Circle the couplet • Write the corresponding letters of the rhyme scheme at the end of the lines Marking the Text
Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day? Thou art more lovely and more temperate. Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May, And summer’s lease hath all to short a date Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines, And often is his gold complexion dimmer; And every fair from fair sometime declines, By chance, or nature’s changing course untrimmed. But thy eternal summer shall not fade Nor lose possession of that fair thou ow’st’ Nor shall death brag thou wand’rest in his shade, When in eternal lines to time thou grow’st, So long as men can breathe or eyes can see, So long lives this, and this gives life to thee. Sonnet 18
Break it down, stanza by stanza, and paraphrase • Paraphrase means put it in your own words, but keep it the same length • We’ll do stanza 1 together, but then you and your partner are on your own! So what does this mean?
Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day? Thou art more lovely and more temperate. Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May, And summer’s lease hath all to short a date. What words do we for sure know? Get out your dictionary apps too If you text, you will end. Fortunato style. Change it up, modern style
Explain in at least three sentences what the “This” is that Shakespeare is referring to in line 14. • What impact does “this” have on the speaker’s maiden? Discussion Question/Exit Ticket