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Legislative Branch (Congress). Organization of Congress. Starter: Vocabulary Quiz. Bicameral Census Constituent Gerrymander Majority Party Minority Party Standing committee Seniority Express powers Implied powers Elastic clause Impeach Writ of habeas corpus Bill of attainder

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legislative branch congress

Legislative Branch (Congress)

Organization of Congress

starter vocabulary quiz
Starter: Vocabulary Quiz
  • Bicameral
  • Census
  • Constituent
  • Gerrymander
  • Majority Party
  • Minority Party
  • Standing committee
  • Seniority
  • Express powers
  • Implied powers
  • Elastic clause
  • Impeach
  • Writ of habeas corpus
  • Bill of attainder
  • Ex post facto law
  • Lobbyist
  • Veto
  • Pocket veto
  • Fillabuster
house of representatives
House of Representatives
  • Requirement: 25years old, U.S. citizen for 7 years, resident of state representing
  • Terms: 2years terms, focus on concerns in their district
  • Larger Body--Total size: 435, representation based on size of state
  • Make laws
  • Article I Section 2 Constitution
  • Republican or Democratic
  • Elected by the people
  • Sole Power of Impeachment
house of representatives1
House of Representatives
  • Speaker of the House: Most powerful leader in House. He steers legislation, chooses who belongs to which committees, & other duties. He is always a member of the majority party (political party with the most members in Congress)
  • Majority Party Floor Leader: person in charge of the majority party (party with the most members in Congress). Tries to sway votes that support the political goals of that party.
  • Minority Party Floor Leader: person in charge of the minority party (party with the 2nd most members in Congress). Tries to sway votes that support the political goals of that party.
  • Party Whips: Helpsthe floor leader. The Democrats have a party whip and the Republicans have a party whip. The Party Whips help keep track of the members of Congress and how they vote on issues.
senate
Senate
  • Requirements: 30years old, U.S. citizen for 9 years, resident of state representing
  • Terms: 6 years terms, unlimited amount
  • Total size: 100, two per state
  • Article I Section 3
  • Meets in secret sessions
  • Republican or Democratic
senate1
Senate
  • Vice President of the United States: the official leader of Senate. The presiding officer. Rarely attends debates over legislation. Votes in case of a tie only.
  • President Pro Tempore: acts as chairperson and monitors debates. Member of the majority party. Title means “for the time being”; in charge when vice president is absent.
  • Majority Party Floor Leader: person in charge of the majority party (party with the most members in Congress). Tries to sway votes that support the political goals of that party.
  • Minority Party Floor Leader: person in charge of the minority party (party with the 2nd most members in Congress). Tries to sway votes that support the political goals of that party.
  • Party Whips: Helpsthe floor leader. The Democrats have a party whip and the Republicans have a party whip. The Party Whips help keep track of the members of Congress and how they vote on issues.
congressional leaders
Congressional Leaders
  • House and the Senate
  • Majority party- political party to which more than half the members belong
  • Minority party- fewer members
  • Speaker of the House-most powerful with the House of Representatives
  • President pro tempore-chairperson of the Senate
congressional committees
Congressional Committees
  • Committees study, revise, and debate bills that could become a law, a budget, resolution, or act.
  • Their job is to decide if this is good for America and is it possible.
  • Committee assignments are chosen by the leader of each house of Congress often based on seniority
step 1
Step 1
  • Starts with an idea from a citizen, member of Congress, or the president.
  • idea sponsored by member of Congress, put into draft form, & introduced into Congress
  • Assigned a number (S.123) (HR 123)
step 2
Step 2
  • Bill assigned to Committee. The committee studies, researches, and revises the bill. They can:

Send the bill to next step

Kill the bill (bill will not become a law)

Pigeonhole the bill (set it aside for later)

step 3
Step 3
  • Subcommittee studies bill, gets citizen input, then has the same options as Step 2 (send, kill, or pigeonhole)
step 4
Step 4
  • Full committee: votes to sent to full House or Senate (which ever one it started in)
step 5
Step 5
  • Bill read to full House or Senate
  • Debated
  • vote (voice, standing, or roll-call)-must have a 2/3 approval to go to next step
step 6
Step 6
  • If passes, must go to other house
  • Bill must pass in the same form (no changes can be made)
  • If changes are made must call a Conference committee to work out compromises
  • If changes are approved by both House and Senate, goes to next step
step 7
Step 7
  • Sent to President for final approval ,he/she can:

*sign bill into law/declare it law

*Pocket veto (put aside, if after 10 days Congress is in session it becomes a law, if not in session it dies)

*Veto (refusal to sign it into law)

step 8
Step 8
  • If vetoed by president, Congress can override the veto but 2/3 vote in each house. Very difficult to achieve.
north carolina state government
NORTH CAROLINA STATE GOVERNMENT

Chapter 13 Section 1 Legislative Branch of North Carolina

federalism

FEDERALISM

SHARING OF POWER BETWEEN NATIONAL (FEDERAL) AND STATE GOVERNMENTS

the two governments
THE TWO GOVERNMENTS

FEDERAL: USA

STATE: NORTH CAROLINA

nc state constitution
NC STATE CONSTITUTION
  • “FIRST IN FREEDOM”
    • NC FREEDOM FOR ENGLAND
  • NC CONSTITUTIONAL PRINCIPLES
    • PREAMBLE: INTRODUCTION: WE THE PEOPLE
      • PG 355
    • AMENDMENT PROCESS (2 TIERED)
      • 3/5 VOTE OF PROPOSAL IN HOUSE & SENATE
      • MAJORITY VOTE OF THE NC CITIZENS
    • DECLARATION OF RIGHTS
      • 25 GUARANTEES OF FREEDOM
    • POPULAR SOVEREIGNTY
      • PEOPLE ULTIMATE SOURCE OF POWER GIVEN TO THE GOVERNMENT
      • LIMITED GOVERNMENT
    • SEPARATION OF POWERS
      • CHECKS AND BALANCES
nc legislative
NC LEGISLATIVE

Called General Assembly

2 house legislature (bicameral)- Senate and House of Representatives

n c legislature
N.C. LEGISLATURE
  • NC GENERAL ASSEMBLY
    • SERVE 2 YR TERMS WITHOUT LIMITS
    • HOUSE OF REPRESENTATE
      • 120 MEMBERS, SPEAKER
    • SENATE
      • 50 MEMBERS, LT. GOV & PRESIDENT PRO TEMP
    • POWERS
    • LONG SESSION (JAN-JUN)
    • SHORT SESSION (MAY-6WK)
    • NEW BUDGET YEAR OR FISCAL YEAR 6/1
  • US CONGRESS
    • 2 YR TERMS HOUSE
    • 6 YR TERMS SENATE
    • HOUSE OF REPRESENTATE
      • 435 MEMBERS, SPEAKER
    • SENATE
      • 100 MEMBERS, V.P. & PRESIDENT PRO TEMP
    • POWERS
    • SESSION LAST 2 YRS
    • NO LONG OR SHORT
    • NEW BUDGET OR FISCAL YEAR: 10/1
activity

Activity

Venn Diagram:

Comparison Chart: Legislative Branches

U.S. Legislative and N.C. Legislative

requirements
Requirements

To be a member of the General Assembly, you must be a citizen of the state, live in district they represent and meet an age requirement. (Senator-25 yrs old, Representative- 18 yrs. old)

Elected every two years

function of general assembly
Function of General Assembly

Main job is to make laws

Each house has a leader;

Lieutenant governor resides over

Senate and President Pro Tempore is in charge if Lt. Governor is not there.

Introduce, sent to committee, study, revise, debate and pass or kill bills.