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Bell Work for Mon, Sept 16th. Define the following key terms from Chapter 5 Section 1 (p. 140): Militia 2. Alliance 3. Cede. In the 1750s, land disputes erupted in the Ohio River valley, the area between Lake Erie and the Ohio River.

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bell work for mon sept 16th
Bell Work for Mon, Sept 16th

Define the following key terms from Chapter 5 Section 1 (p. 140):

  • Militia

2. Alliance

3. Cede

slide3

In the 1750s, land disputes erupted in the Ohio River valley,the area between Lake Erie and the Ohio River.

slide4

In 1753, the French began building forts in the Ohio River valley to protect their claims.

The governor of Virginia sent amilitialed byGeorge Washingtontoorder the French out.

The French ignored Washington’s warnings.

slide5

The next year, Washington returned to the Ohio River valley to find the French building a fort at a key location.

Fort Duquesne

Built where the Allegheny and Monongahela rivers meet to form the Ohio River

slide6

Washington built a small fort of his own, Fort Necessity, nearby.

A large French army attacked, forcing Washington to surrender Fort Necessity.

The French sent Washington home with the message that they would never give up the Ohio River valley.

slide7

War with France seemed certain.

Hoping to form an allianceagainst the French, the British called a meeting of colonial leaders and local Iroquois tribes in Albany, New York. The alliance failed.

Iroquois

refuse to join

a British alliance

British

slide8

Colonial leaders at the Albany Congress still tried to work out a planto defend themselves against the French.

Benjamin Franklin urged the colonists to unite against the enemy.

slide9

Franklin drew up a plan in which an elected council would have authority to act for all the colonies on urgent matters. It also could form armies and collect taxes to pay expenses.

AlbanyPlanofUnion

The Albany Plan of Union was rejected by the colonial assemblies.

slide10

Despite the failure to form a united front, the British decided it was time to act. In 1755, troops led by General Edward Braddock marched on Fort Duquesne.

The French and their Native American allies ambushed the British, defeating them.

  • The British knew little about fighting in North America.
  • Red uniforms provided targets.
slide12

The British disaster at Fort Duquesne was followed by other defeats.

Fort Niagara

Lake George

Fort Oswego

Fort William Henry

In 1756, Britain declared war on France, marking the official beginning of the Seven Years’ War.

slide13

Britain’s string of defeats finally ended when a new prime minister, William Pitt, took office.

Pitt’s generals soon turned the tide of the war. In 1758, the British won Fort Duquesne, renaming it Fort Pitt. Such victories helped the British gain Iroquois support.

slide14

Quebec, the capital of New France, was located atop high cliffs.

The British climbed the cliffs on an unguarded trail and captured the city.

Without Quebec, France could no longer defend its territory. In 1763, Britain and France signed the Treaty of Paris, ending the war.

slide15

Treaty of Paris: 1763

France loses all North American land: lands east of Mississippi River to England. Lands west of Mississippi to Spain.

Spain also gets Florida.

slide16

Focus Question Section 2: How did the French and Indian War draw the colonists closer together but increase friction with Britain?

Focus Question Section 1:How did the British gain French territory in North America?

Chapter Essential Question:

How did the relationship between Britain and the colonies fall apart?

Focus Question Section 4: How did the American Revolution begin?

Focus Question Section 3:

How did British tax policies move the colonists closer to rebellion?