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Herpes Beau Oliver
Definition • Herpes is defined as an inflammatory virus disease, characterized by the eruption of small blisters on the skin and mucous membrane • Is a Sexually Transmitted Disease • Is a viral STD along with HIV, HPV, and AIDS
History • Comes from the Greek word “Herpes” meaning to creep • First described in 1736 in both males and females • Roman Emperor Tiberius tried to eliminate the disease by making kissing and intercourse illegal
Types • There are more than 70 infectious types of herpes • 5 main types • Herpes Simplex Virus 1- appears on the mouth and lips in the form of fever blisters and cold sores • Herpes Simplex Virus 2- causes genital herpes while also affecting the mouth • Herpes Simplex Virus 3- known as VZV (varicella-zoster virus) varicella meaning chickenpox and zoster meaning shingles • Herpes Simplex Virus 4- Epstein Barr Virus • Herpes Simplex Virus 5- Cytomegabvirus CMV
Causes • Sexual Intercourse • Skin to Skin contact • Includes kissing, oral sex, and the passing of the virus to babies at birth • Blood to Blood contact • Medical Accident • Includes needle sticks, biohazard accidents • Herpes may be passed from the genital area to the mouth through touching. To prevent this avoid touching the area and wash hands thoroughly after contact.
Effects and Symptoms • After Herpes has been contracted there is usually a one to two week period in which the symptoms will show up. • After that the blisters will re-occur anywhere from once a week to only a few outbreaks per year depending on the person. • Can appear at any age includingyoung children • Forms clusters of blisters on a reddened area of skin • Cluster eventually break to form sores • Popped blisters may take 2-4 weeks to heal the first time the occur • Blisters may cause itching, bleeding, and general discomfort. • www.abcpedia.com/virus/herpes-genital.htm • May form one large ulcer which is medically referred to as a herpetic lesion • Lymph-nodes in the affected area swell and become painful • First outbreak may be accompanied by fever and flu-like symptoms • Clusters may appear anywhere on skin or mucous membranes • No symptoms may occur at all but that does not mean it is ok to have sexual intercourse www.abcpedia.com/virus/herpes-genital.htm
Diagnosis/Treatment • Many doctors can give an accurate reading of herpes just by looking at the effected area. • Tissue samples may be taken and tested in the lab. • A Syphilis Dark field test can help rule out other diseases. • A pap test can help diagnose herpes • There are drugs that can help reduce the swelling of blisters and reduce pain. -Acyclour (Zovirou) -Famaclover (Famvir) -Valacyclovir (Valtrex) • Many rubbing creams and pharmaceutical pain relievers are also available
Future Outlook and Research • Currently there is no cure for the Herpes simplex virus strain • Scientists are currently looking into a more permanent cure that will cause Herpes carries less outbreaks over extended periods of time • They expect to have a vaccine that will cure 70% to 90% of adults currently carrying the Herpes strains. • Pharmaceutical companies are also researching on new creams and oral pills that will help control the Herpes strains.
Important Facts!!! • 1 in 5 American teenagers/adults are infected with genital herpes. • 1 in 4 women infected with HSV-2 • Since the 1970’s genital herpes has increased 30% nationwide • Yearly cost of treating STD’s in the United States is 17 billion dollars. • 45 million people 12 and over nationwide have contracted genital herpes. • Prevent transmitting herpes by practicing safe sex or abstinence
Other Facts- Sample of 409 women randomly chosen between May 1985 and January 1987
Pictures http://www.hivdent.org/slides/herpes_zoster_virus_shingles_1.htm scc.uchicago.edu/herpes.htm http://www.uv.es/medicina-oral http://www5d.biglobe.ne.jp/~sarusaru/herpes wso.williams.edu/orgs/peerh/sex/std/virus.html www.herpesdiagnosis.com/pregnancy.html
Reference Page • Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality. (1997) Genital Herpes: The Epidemiology and control of a common sexually transmitted disease. Retrieved September 20, 2006 on the World Wide Web <http://www.phac.aspc.gc.ca/publicat/cjhs/cjhs5.html> • Department of Health and Human Services. (2004) Genital Herpes-CDC Fact Sheet. Retrieved September 21, 2006 on the World Wide Web.http://www.cdc.gov/std/herpes/stdfact.htm> • Genital Herpes. (2002) Health Matters. Vol.3, pp.122-123. • National Institute of Health. (2005) Genital Herpes. Retrieved September 20, 2006 on the World Wide Web http://www.naid.nih.gov?factsheets/stdherp.htm • Neuman, H. (1983), Dr. Neumann’s Guide to the New STD. Washington: Acropoles Books • Perlow, D., & Perlow, J. (1983). Herpes Coping With the New Epidemic. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall