Warning. The slide show you are about to see includes graphic pictures and adult content. Viewer discretion is advised. Herpes. Beau Oliver. Definition. Herpes is defined as an inflammatory virus disease, characterized by the eruption of small blisters on the skin and mucous membrane
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Warning The slide show you are about to see includes graphic pictures and adult content. Viewer discretion is advised.
Herpes Beau Oliver
Definition • Herpes is defined as an inflammatory virus disease, characterized by the eruption of small blisters on the skin and mucous membrane • Is a Sexually Transmitted Disease • Is a viral STD along with HIV, HPV, and AIDS
History • Comes from the Greek word “Herpes” meaning to creep • First described in 1736 in both males and females • Roman Emperor Tiberius tried to eliminate the disease by making kissing and intercourse illegal
Types • There are more than 70 infectious types of herpes • 5 main types • Herpes Simplex Virus 1- appears on the mouth and lips in the form of fever blisters and cold sores • Herpes Simplex Virus 2- causes genital herpes while also affecting the mouth • Herpes Simplex Virus 3- known as VZV (varicella-zoster virus) varicella meaning chickenpox and zoster meaning shingles • Herpes Simplex Virus 4- Epstein Barr Virus • Herpes Simplex Virus 5- Cytomegabvirus CMV
Causes • Sexual Intercourse • Skin to Skin contact • Includes kissing, oral sex, and the passing of the virus to babies at birth • Blood to Blood contact • Medical Accident • Includes needle sticks, biohazard accidents • Herpes may be passed from the genital area to the mouth through touching. To prevent this avoid touching the area and wash hands thoroughly after contact.
Effects and Symptoms • After Herpes has been contracted there is usually a one to two week period in which the symptoms will show up. • After that the blisters will re-occur anywhere from once a week to only a few outbreaks per year depending on the person. • Can appear at any age includingyoung children • Forms clusters of blisters on a reddened area of skin • Cluster eventually break to form sores • Popped blisters may take 2-4 weeks to heal the first time the occur • Blisters may cause itching, bleeding, and general discomfort. • www.abcpedia.com/virus/herpes-genital.htm • May form one large ulcer which is medically referred to as a herpetic lesion • Lymph-nodes in the affected area swell and become painful • First outbreak may be accompanied by fever and flu-like symptoms • Clusters may appear anywhere on skin or mucous membranes • No symptoms may occur at all but that does not mean it is ok to have sexual intercourse www.abcpedia.com/virus/herpes-genital.htm
Diagnosis/Treatment • Many doctors can give an accurate reading of herpes just by looking at the effected area. • Tissue samples may be taken and tested in the lab. • A Syphilis Dark field test can help rule out other diseases. • A pap test can help diagnose herpes • There are drugs that can help reduce the swelling of blisters and reduce pain. -Acyclour (Zovirou) -Famaclover (Famvir) -Valacyclovir (Valtrex) • Many rubbing creams and pharmaceutical pain relievers are also available
Future Outlook and Research • Currently there is no cure for the Herpes simplex virus strain • Scientists are currently looking into a more permanent cure that will cause Herpes carries less outbreaks over extended periods of time • They expect to have a vaccine that will cure 70% to 90% of adults currently carrying the Herpes strains. • Pharmaceutical companies are also researching on new creams and oral pills that will help control the Herpes strains.
Important Facts!!! • 1 in 5 American teenagers/adults are infected with genital herpes. • 1 in 4 women infected with HSV-2 • Since the 1970’s genital herpes has increased 30% nationwide • Yearly cost of treating STD’s in the United States is 17 billion dollars. • 45 million people 12 and over nationwide have contracted genital herpes. • Prevent transmitting herpes by practicing safe sex or abstinence
Other Facts- Sample of 409 women randomly chosen between May 1985 and January 1987
Pictures http://www.hivdent.org/slides/herpes_zoster_virus_shingles_1.htm scc.uchicago.edu/herpes.htm http://www.uv.es/medicina-oral http://www5d.biglobe.ne.jp/~sarusaru/herpes wso.williams.edu/orgs/peerh/sex/std/virus.html www.herpesdiagnosis.com/pregnancy.html
Reference Page • Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality. (1997) Genital Herpes: The Epidemiology and control of a common sexually transmitted disease. Retrieved September 20, 2006 on the World Wide Web <http://www.phac.aspc.gc.ca/publicat/cjhs/cjhs5.html> • Department of Health and Human Services. (2004) Genital Herpes-CDC Fact Sheet. Retrieved September 21, 2006 on the World Wide Web.http://www.cdc.gov/std/herpes/stdfact.htm> • Genital Herpes. (2002) Health Matters. Vol.3, pp.122-123. • National Institute of Health. (2005) Genital Herpes. Retrieved September 20, 2006 on the World Wide Web http://www.naid.nih.gov?factsheets/stdherp.htm • Neuman, H. (1983), Dr. Neumann’s Guide to the New STD. Washington: Acropoles Books • Perlow, D., & Perlow, J. (1983). Herpes Coping With the New Epidemic. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall