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Warning The following presentation may contain mature themes and minor graphic events not intended for younger audiences, viewer discretion is advised. Terrorism and Terrorist Acts. by: Trevor Ans. What is Terrorist Activity?. The Canadian Gov’t defines Terrorist Activity as:

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The following presentation may contain mature themes and minor graphic events not intended for younger audiences, viewer discretion is advised.

what is terrorist activity
What is Terrorist Activity?
  • The Canadian Gov’t defines Terrorist Activity as:
    • “An action that takes place either within or outside* of Canada that is an offence under one of the UN anti-terrorism conventions and protocols; or is an action taken for political, religious, or ideological purposes and intimidates the public concerning its security, or compels a government to do something, by intentionally killing, seriously harming or endangering a person, causing substantial property damage that is likely to seriously harm people or by seriously interfering with or disrupting an essential service, facility or system.”

In English…?

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  • September 11, 2001, two American Airlines flights were high-jacked and piloted into the twin towers of the World Trade Center.
    • 2,819 people killed
    • $105 billion in economic damages
    • 422,000 people diagnosed with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
    • Planes taken over by members of terrorist organization headed by Osama bin Laden
why is this in place
Why is This in Place?
  • Since the effects of September 11, 2001, the Canadian government worked with the UN to sign 14 anti-terrorism conventions.
    • These include:
      • Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Crimes against Internationally Protected Persons
      • International Convention against the Taking of Hostages
      • International Convention for the Suppression of Terrorist Bombings
      • International Convention for the Suppression of the Financing of Terrorism
      • Convention on Offences and Certain Other Acts Committed on Board Aircraft
      • And many more

Along with those conventions, Canada has also instated new laws and regulations to deter this activity.

    • Government has the right to publish the names of individuals and groups, called entities, accused of being involved in terrorist activity.
    • Made it an offence to knowingly collect or provide funds, directly or indirectly, to support terrorist organizations and activity.
    • Can freeze property and assets that is being used to assist terrorist entities.
    • Financial institutions must report to the government any business dealt with a listed entity.
    • Made it a criminal offence to commit any indictable offence under any Act of Parliament for the benefit of, under orders of, or in association with a terrorist group.
    • Made it an offence to purposely damage religious property based on bias, prejudice, or hate.
terrorist motivation
Terrorist Motivation
  • Most terrorist activity is motivated by hate towards a particular group.
  • Most cases, an extremist sect of a religion takes action to bring about dramatic change based on their interpretation of their faith.
  • Some examples include:
    • Al Qaeda
    • Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE)
    • African National Congress
    • Irish People’s Liberation Organization
      • See in-depth list at List of designated terrorist organizations - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  • From what you just learned, would the following be considered terrorist activity? Explain.