UNIVERSITY ENTRANCE EXAMINATION IN INDONESIA Historical Perspective - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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UNIVERSITY ENTRANCE EXAMINATION IN INDONESIA Historical Perspective

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  1. CURRICULUM BASED REASONING TEST forUNIVERSITY ENTRANCE EXAMINATIONSusanto Imam RahayuIndonesian Academy of Sciences

  2. UNIVERSITY ENTRANCE EXAMINATION IN INDONESIAHistorical Perspective * In the 1950’s, there were no University Entrance Examination. Everyone having high school certificate were accepted. * Due to high demand for some popular degree programs, in particular engineering and medicine, some faculties began to impose entrance examination * With ever higher demand and limited space, the number of facuties and universities imposing entrance examination spread.

  3. * By early 1970’s, the situation is getting chaotic: - nearly all universities impose entrance examination - the dates of examinations and subjects tested varied - many exams were still conducted by faculties, where even in one university different faculties might test different subjects - there were large student intercity movements, as many of them want to enrol to more than one university in different cities - this created hardship for high school leavers from outside Jawa, dues to bad transportation, mainly by ship - to overcome this situation, students from outside Jawa who want to enrol to universities in Jawa usually enrol their last high school clas in Jawa

  4. This unhealthy situation got the attention of five prominent universities at that time. In 1975 the five - Universitasf Indonesia (UI), Jakarta - Institut Pertanian Bogor (IPB), Bogor - Institut Teeknologi Bandung (ITB), Bandung - Universitas Gadjah Mada (UGM), Yogyakarta - Universitas Airlangga, (UNAIR), Surabaya established a working group, known by its acronym SKALU (Sekretariat Koordinasi Antara Lima Universitas), Cooperational Secretariate of Five Universities. * Through SKALU, they agreed to hold their entrance examination among them at the same time, where prospective students may put their choice of degree programs in any one of them.

  5. SKALU also standardize the types of subject to be tested in the entrance examination, irrespective of the faculties, into just nine subjects: - Indonesia Language - English - Mathematics - Physics - Chemistry - Biology - History - Economics - Geography

  6. Considering that all entrance tests that were administered by the various universities were all “home made”, hence not suitable to be used as entrance examination, SKALU began to conduct training programs on how to make test and do educational measurement. • Starting from SKALU exam of five universities, by the years, it now becomes a national entrance examination, involving all state universities (now around 50), with the same standardized subject as agreed by SKALU. • Establishment of national entrance examination not only rectivies academic problem, also equity problems.

  7. Achievement vs Predictive Tests The problems of testing which were conducted by the universities, prior to SKALU exams, are mostly of the type of achievement test, testing proficiency in one fiels of subject. By doing this, the exams were just some kind of prerequisite tests, testing ability of subjects thought to be prerequisite to unversity courses. Entrance examination belongs to the type of predictive tests, with the purpose of predicting prospective students expected succes in the university.

  8. educational process mesurement Test aftereducational process. TEST Purpose Measuring how much of the taught subjects are mastered after undergoing an educational/ learning process Knowing how large learning objectives of the course or educational process are met Achievement Test

  9. educational process TEST measurement Test before entering educational process Purpose • Measurng prospective intake’s academic potential needed to undergo the educational process. • Predicting the degree of success of applicants in undergoing the educational process. Predictive Test

  10. Achievementtests are easy to construct, is it comes after an education process. It is all about what were the subject of the process. Predictivetests, being prior to an education process, cannot be based on subject of the coming process. Following the ETS, it should logically be an aptitude test, as shown in their SAT tests. University entrance exams in Indonesia, historically, are subject based. To change it to become a predictive test, some changes has to be conducted, by introducing concepts related to aptitude tests.

  11. BLOOM’S TAXONOMY OF EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES Cognitive

  12. FORMAT OF BLUEPRINT/GRID

  13. PHYSICS GRID FOR 2008

  14. Test pattern before 2009 • Using UMPTN/Sipenmaru pattern, consisting of : • Basic Ability (Basic Mathematics , Indonesian Language, English), 75 items, 180 min.. • Science Ability (Mathematics in Science, Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Integrated Science), 75 items, 120 min.. • Social Science Ability (Economy, History, Geography, Integrated Social Science), 75 items, 90 min. • Constituted out of individual test items, while keeping the whole test being predictive

  15. Apabila pohon pisang dipangkas dekat tanah, maka pada tempat pemangkasan tersebut akan keluar air. Hal ini membuktikan bahwa air yang keluar itu disebabkan oleh adanya • proses eliminasi. • proses gutasi. • peristiwa imbibisi. • proses menitik. • pengaruh tekanan akar. ------------ • Dua buah bola lampu masing-masing tertulis 60 watt 120 volt dan 40 watt 120 volt. Jika kedua bola lampu tersebut dihubungkan seri pada tegangan 120 volt maka jumlah daya pada kedua lampu tersebut adalah • 100 w • 50 w • 24 w • 20 w • 18 w

  16. The problem of this type of test here is that it has boceme the meat of coaching industry (bimbel in Indonesia). Their effectiveness as tests became quetionable. The challenge is to construct a new test which could measure more than these single item predictive test, and be imune toward attacks by coaching industry. To that purpose we construct what we call as Curriculum Based Reasoning Test.

  17. Test pattern since 2009 • Using Curriculum Based Reasoning Test, consisting of the following sections : • Mathematics and Language(Mathematics, Indonesian Language, English), 70 items, 120 min. • Science(Mathematics in Science, Physics, Chemistry, Biology), 55 items, 90 min. • Social Science(Economy, History, Geography), 70 items, 90 min. • Except for Mathematics and Language, the test are not divided and evaluated according to its components.

  18. Characteristics of Reasoning Test • Questions for test items : emphasising those needing reasoning to answer  avoiding recall questions • Percentage of questions on reasoning ability: Constitute 2/3 of items in tests for Mathematics, Science and Social Science, based on reading paragraphs followed by 3 to 4 questions. • Types of reading paragraphs : - representation of data from observations or experiments - conclusions or results of investigations or obervations - exposition of contradictory opinions

  19. Reasoning abilities tested in questions consists of: - reading graphs or tables - using graphs or tables - understanding the meaning of graphs or tables in relation to naration in readings - taking the next steps, e.g. exptrapolation or interpolation, in relation to data in reading - understanding or identifying implications from information - finding and doing analysis on similarities and discrepancies of arguments - identifying special information from reading

  20. Di bawah ini adalah contoh data pengukuran tekanan osmotik untuk larutan hemoglobin pada berbagai konsentrasi yang diukur pada dua suhu yang ber­beda. Gambar 2. Tekanan osmotik terhadap konsentrasi hemoglobin pada 25oC dan 50oC.

  21. Berdasarkan grafik pada Gambar 2, beda tinggi silinder osmometer (h) ketika osmometer diisi dengan larutan hemoglobin 0,3 g/L pada 25 oC adalah (Pada 25 oC air = 1 g/cm3) (A) 5 cm (B) 10 cm (C) 15 cm (D) 20 cm (E) 25 cm

  22. Experiment no 1 Tabel 1 Silinder diisi gas argon pada suhu 300 K, volum 5 liter dan tekanan 1 atmosfer. Dengan menjaga suhu tetap ada 300K, tekanan dinaikkan dengan menekan piston. Pengamatan tekanan dan volum gas adalah seperti Tabel 1 berikut.

  23. Experiment no 2 Tabel 2 Silinder diisi dengan gas X yang mengalami dissosiasi , dengan volum awal 5 liter, tekanan awal 1 atmosfer dan suhu 300K. Pada suhu yang dijaga tetap, tekanan gas dibesarkandengan menekan piston. Pengamatan tekanan dan volum adalah seperti pada Tabel 2 berikut.

  24. Dari pengamatan di Tabel 2, Percobaan 2 menunjukkan bahwa dibanding data di Tabel 1, pada tekanan dan suhu yang sama, volum sistem reaksi lebih kecil dari volum gas tunggal. Hal ini disebabkan kenaikan tekanan menimbulkan (A) penambahan jumlah molekul, karena pembesaran harga . (B penggeseran kesetimbangan ke kanan. (C) penurunan jumlah molekul, karena pengurangan harga . (D) pengecilan volum, karena kekenyalan campuran tinggi. (E)pengecilan ukuran dari molekul-molekul

  25. (61) In one experiment, team leaders were shown different videos designed to put them in certain moods, then they were told to lead groups in tasks. (62)However, it turns out that for emotions to spread, two people do not have to be in the same room. (63) They do not even have to know each other. Emotions can be transmitted through mass media and (64) must extend far beyond their originators. (62)The word “However” should be replaced by the following: __________. (A) unchanged (B) replaced by “Therefore” (C) replaced by “In addition” (D) replaced by “For example” (E) replaced by “Likewise”

  26. POPULASI MUSIMAN Populasi suatu spesies yang hidup di suatu lingkung­an selalu berubah sepanjang tahun berjalan. Berdasar­kan data masa lalu puncak populasinya tercapai pada bulan Januari. Kemudian turun dan paling rendah pada bulan Juli. Populasinya naik kembali sampai mencapai puncaknya pada bulan Januari tahun beri­kutnya, Proses ini berlangsung terus dan berulang setiap tahun. Suatu pengamatan dari bulan Januari 2008 sampai Ja­nuari 2009 memberikan data berikut. Waktu Jan April Juli Okt Jan 2008 2008 2008 2008 2009 Populasi 3000 1900 1000 2050 3000 Pengamat ini memperkirakan suatu fungsi periodik sebagai hampiran untuk populasi pada setiap saat t, yang aturannya adalah P(t) = 2000 + 1000 cos 2  t, 0 ≤ t ≤ 1. Untuk fungsi ini, t = 0 adalah awal Januari 2008 dan t = 1 adalah awal Januari 2009 dengan setiap bulan t naik sebesar.

  27. Dengan menggunakan fungsi hampiran pada Bacaan 2, populasi spesies pada bulan Mei 2008 adalah (A) 1200 (B) 1250 (C) 1350 (D) 1500 (E) 1600 Pada tahun 2008, laju penurunan yang paling besar terjadi pada bulan (A) Pebruari (B) Maret (C) April (D) Mei (E) Juni

  28. Scoring of test Using two types of score: • RAW SCORE x. Obtained directly from answering the multiple choice, according to: - right +4 - wrong -1 - omit 0 • NATIONAL SCORE N. Obtained by assigning score 500 to average raw acore <x> and 100 for every standard deviation  . With z = (x - <x>)/, the national score is defined as N = 500 + 100z Academic decision are based on ranking of national score.

  29. Statistical Meaning of National Score N > 700 : belonging to uppest 2,3% in the national ranking 700 > N > 600 : belonging to the next 13,6% under 600 > N > 500 : belonging to 34,1% above the national average

  30. Percentile Distribution of Raw Scores for two test batteries IPA (Science Set) IPS (Social Science Set)

  31. ITEM ANALYSIS on a Test Item • Garis x+y=4 memotong parabol y=4x-x2di titik A dan B. Panjang ruas garis AB adalah • 2 • 2√3 • 3√2 • 4 • 4√2

  32. Di daerah yang memiliki perbedaan yang besar antara suhu udara terendah dan suhu udara tertinggi, pelapukan batuan secara mekanik menjadi lebih mudah terjadi. SEBAB Batuan umumnya tersusun atas mineralmineral dengan koeffisien muai yang berbeda.

  33. Evaluation of Test Item Effectivenes Based on two measured quantities, by item analysis p+ = fraction of testees answering right Rbis = point-bisserial correlation, measure of discriminating power Data for all test items are presented in a scatter plot: Rbis more selective 0,25 0,0 p+ difficult easy

  34. Rough relation between p+ and Rbis Rbis p+ Items too difficult, nobody can do right, useless as testing item Items too easy, everybody can do right, useless as test item

  35. Evaluasi TNBK 2013

  36. Evaluasi TNBK 2012

  37. Evaluasi TNBK 2013

  38. Evaluasi TNBK 2012

  39. Evaluasi TNBK 2013

  40. Evaluasi TNBK 2012

  41. Evaluasi TNBK 2013

  42. Evaluasi TNBK 2012

  43. Evaluasi TNBK 2013

  44. Evaluasi TNBK 2012

  45. Distribution of Raw Score • IPA IPS

  46. Distribution of National Score

  47. Two final question on this test; • How long does it take to produce this kind of test ? * How much does it cost ?

  48. THANK YOU

  49. Profil Nilai Mentah

  50. Nilai Rata-rata Per Panlok