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AP Vocabulary Bell Ringers. AP Vocabulary Focus . Bi-weekly quiz Matching 11 new words per quiz plus a few that you already know On Tuesdays Daily grade Quiz dates on calendar 5 quizzes between now and AP test . Voc List . Organized by words you already know Words to learn

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ap vocabulary focus
AP Vocabulary Focus
  • Bi-weekly quiz
  • Matching
  • 11 new words per quiz plus a few that you already know
  • On Tuesdays
  • Daily grade
  • Quiz dates on calendar
  • 5 quizzes between now and AP test
voc list
Voc List
  • Organized by words you already know
  • Words to learn
  • Alphabetized master list on website
tuesday voc
Tuesday Voc

1. Absolute - A word free from limitations of qualifications (“best,” “all”)

  • Ex: MHS is the best high school ever.
  • Ex: All girls are bad drivers.

2. Ad hominem argument - An argument attacking an individual’s character rather than his or her position on an issue

wed voc
Wed Voc

3. Allegory-A literary work in which characters, objects, or actions represent abstraction (abstract ideas)

Ex: Pilgrim’s Progress – Christian journey

Ex: The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe – Asland as Christ

Ex: Young Goodman Brown – physical journey through woods = spiritual journey

wednesday voc
Wednesday voc

4. Antithesis -a statement in which two opposing ideas are balanced

  • "Love is an ideal thing, marriage a real thing."(Goethe)
  • "You're easy on the eyesHard on the heart."(Terri Clark)
  • "We must learn to live together as brothers or perish together as fools."(Martin Luther King, Jr., speech at St. Louis, 1964)
  • “They may take our lives, but they’ll never take our freedom.” (Braveheart)
antithesis cont
Antithesis cont.

"It was the best of times, it was the worst of times, it was the age of wisdom, it was the age of foolishness, it was the epoch of belief, it was the epoch of incredulity, it was the season of Light, it was the season of Darkness, it was the spring of hope, it was the winter of despair, we had everything before us, we had nothing before us, we were all going direct to Heaven, we were all going direct the other way."(Charles Dickens, A Tale of Two Cities)

thursday voc
Thursday Voc

5. apostrophe-a figure of speech in which one directly addresses an absent or imaginary person, or some abstraction

  • "Where, O death, thy sting? where, O death, thy victory?" (1 Cor)
  • "O, pardon me, thou bleeding piece of earth, / That I am meek and gentle with these butchers! / Thou art the ruins of the noblest man / That ever lived in the tide of times.“ (Julius Caesar)
thurs voc
Thurs Voc
  • 6. archetype -a detail, image, or character type that occurs frequently in literature and myth and is thought to appeal in a universal way to the unconscious and to evoke a response
  • Research shows that people who had no contact with each other at all had passed down stories whose characters and events were strikingly similar.
  • Psychoanalyst Carl Jung introduced a theory that humans have a collective unconscious, which means that there is a store of information that we, as humans, somehow hold. This collection of information includes archetypes, or symbolic figures.

Hero – goes on a journey or quest; displays qualities valued by his culture

    • King Arthur, Odysseus, Luke Skywalker, Frodo, Neo
  • The father figure
  • The mother figure
  • The fatal woman or temptress
  • The damsel in distress
    • Leah, Snow White, Sleeping Beauty
  • The witch
    • Think fairy tales
  • The monster or villain
    • Darth Vader, Saron

The alter ego or double

    • Dr. Jekyyl and Mr. Hyde
  • Wise man or woman/mentor
    • Merlin, Obi Wan Kenobi
  • The trickster or fool
    • Jar JarBinks (aaaaah)
  • The underdog
challenge harry potter archetypes
Challenge: Harry Potter Archetypes
  • Harry Potter
    • Hero
  • Voldemort
    • Villain or monster
  • Dumbledore
    • Mentor/wise old man
  • Weasley Twins
    • Tricksters
  • Remus Lupin
    • Alter ego, double
challenge harry potter archetypes1
Challenge: Harry Potter Archetypes
  • Mother figure
    • Harry’s mom, Mrs. Weasley, McGonagall
  • Neville Longbottom
    • Underdog
  • Snape
    • Mix of villain, hero, underdog, maybe even antihero
monday voc
Monday Voc

7. balanced sentence -a sentence in which words, phrases, or clauses are set off against each other to emphasize a contrast

  • "White chickens lay white eggs, and brown chickens lay brown eggs; so if white cows give white milk, do brown cows give chocolate milk?"
  • "But in a larger sense, we cannot dedicate--we cannot consecrate--we cannot hallow--this ground." and "....--that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth. (Lincoln at Gettysburg)
  • Control it before it controls you
mon voc
Mon Voc

8. Bathos

  • insincere or overly sentimental quality of writing or speech intended to evoke pity; often ridiculous
  • Commercial
tuesday voc1
Tuesday Voc

9. chiasmus-a statement consisting of two parallel parts in which the second part is structurally reversed

  • “Ask not what your country can do for you, but what you can do for your country” (JFK)
  • "You have seen how a man was made a slave; you shall see how a slave was made a man." (Frederick Douglass)
  • "When the going gets tough, the tough get going!”
  • A "But many that are firstB shall be last;B1 and the lastA1 shall be first." (Matthew 19:30.)
thursday voc1
Thursday Voc

10. colloquialism-informal words or expressions not usually acceptable in formal writing

    • Ya’ll
    • Gonna
    • Wanna
    • Old as dirt, dead as a doornail
  • Pop vs. soda vs. coke
  • Different from dialect – social class combined with region (Huck Finn), more to do with pronunciation than phrases
friday voc
Friday Voc

11. cumulative sentence-a sentence in which the main independent clause is elaborated by the successive addition of modifying clauses or phrases (Statement followed by list)

  • Education has no equal in opening minds, instilling values, and creating opportunities.
  • Aruba is a vacationer’s paradise with its pristine beaches, sun-drenched days, and glorious breathtaking sunsets.
  • The hotel has greatly expanded its customer base throughthe addition of a fitness spa, extensive advertising, and weekend specials.