How do i form the subjunctive
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How do I form the subjunctive?. The verb that follows a wish or an expression of opinion will be in the subjunctive. Step 1 :Take the “yo” form of verb Step 2 : Remove the “o” Step 3 : Add opposite endings. Irregular “yo” forms. “-go” verbs tener  tengo seguir  sigo

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How do i form the subjunctive
How do I form the subjunctive?

  • The verb that follows a wish or an expression of opinion will be in the subjunctive.

    Step 1:Take the “yo” form of verb

    Step 2 : Remove the “o”

    Step 3: Add opposite endings


Irregular yo forms
Irregular “yo” forms

  • “-go” verbs

  • tener  tengo seguir  sigo

  • hacer  hago

  • salir  salgo

  • decir  digo

  • venir  vengo

  • poner  pongo

  • caer  caigo

  • traer  traigo

  • oír  oigo


Irregular yo forms1
Irregular “yo” forms

  • Verbs that end in “-cer/”-cir”

  • Add a “z” in the “yo” form

  • conocer  conozco

  • pertenecer  pertenezco

  • conducir  conduzco

  • traducir traduzco

  • reducir  reduzco


Irregular yo forms2
Irregular “yo” forms

  • Verbs that end in “-ger/”-gir”

  • gj in the “yo” form only

  • recoger  recojo

  • escoger  escojo


Irregular yo forms3
Irregular “yo” forms

  • End in “-uer/”-uir”

  • Add a “y”

  • influir  influyo

  • construir  construyo

  • destruir destruyo


Opposite endings
Opposite endings

-ar endings

- e - emos

- es - éis

- e - en


Opposite endings1
Opposite endings

hablar

hable hablemos

hables habléis

hable hablen


Opposite endings2
Opposite endings

-er / -ir endings

- a - amos

- as - áis

- a - an


Opposite endings3
Opposite endings

tener

tenga tengamos

tengas tengáis

tenga tengan


How do i form the subjunctive1
How do I form the subjunctive?

  • There are only 5 irregulars:

    dar, estar, ir, saber, ser

    (doy, estoy, voy, sé, soy)

    haber:

    Indicative:hay (there is / there are)

    Subjunctive: haya


Opposite endings4
Opposite endings

dar – to give

- dé - demos

- des - deis

- dé - den


Opposite endings5
Opposite endings

estar – to be

- esté - estemos

- estés - estéis

- esté - estén


Opposite endings6
Opposite endings

ir – to go

- vaya - vayamos

- vayas - vayáis

- vaya - vayan


Opposite endings7
Opposite endings

ser – to be

- sea - seamos

- seas - seáis

- sea - sean


Opposite endings8
Opposite endings

saber – to know

- sepa - sepamos

- sepas - sepáis

- sepa - sepan


How do i form the subjunctive2
How do I form the subjunctive?

  • There are 3 spelling changes:

  • -gar g  gu

  • -car c  qu

  • -zar z  c

  • -ar verbs only

  • change takes place in all forms

  • tocar : Yo toque


Opposite endings9
Opposite endings

pagar- to pay

- pague - paguemos

- pagues - paguéis

- pague -paguen


Opposite endings10
Opposite endings

buscar-to look for

- busque - busquemos

- busques - busquéis

- busque -busquen


How do i form the subjunctive3
How do I form the subjunctive?

  • Stem changing verbs:

  • -ar and –er verbs have the same change in the boot as in the present tense

e ie

o ue


Opposite endings11
Opposite endings

cerrar-to close

- cierre - cerremos

- cierres - cerréis

- cierre - cierren


Stem changing verbs
Stem Changing Verbs

  • e ie “-ar” verbs

  • empezar - recomendar

  • comenzar

  • pensar

  • sentarse

  • cerrar

  • despertarse


Stem changing verbs1
Stem Changing Verbs

  • o ue “-ar” verbs

  • almorzar

  • acostarse

  • encontrar

  • jugar


Stem changing verbs2
Stem Changing Verbs

  • e ie “-er” verbs

  • querer

  • perder

  • entender

  • encender


Stem changing verbs3
Stem Changing Verbs

  • o ue “-er” verbs

  • poder

  • volver


How do i form the subjunctive4
How do I form the subjunctive?

  • Stem changing verbs:

  • -ir verbs have 3 different rules

  • 1) e  ie verbs

    • Change e ie in the boot and e i outside the boot

e i

e ie


Opposite endings12
Opposite endings

-mentir – to lie

- mienta - mintamos

- mientas - mintáis

- mienta - mientan


Stem changing verbs4
Stem Changing Verbs

  • e ie “-ir” verbs

  • divertirse

  • hervir

  • sentirse

  • preferir

  • mentir

  • sugerir


How do i form the subjunctive5
How do I form the subjunctive?

  • Stem changing verbs:

  • -ir verbs have 3 different rules

  • 2) o  ue verbs

    • Change o ue in the boot and o u outside the boot

o u

o ue


Opposite endings13
Opposite endings

-dormir – to sleep

- duerma - durmamos

- duermas - durmáis

- duerma - duerman


Stem changing verbs5
Stem Changing Verbs

  • o ue “-ir” verbs

  • dormir

  • morir


How do i form the subjunctive6
How do I form the subjunctive?

  • 3) e  i verbs

    • Change e i in the boot and

      e i outside the boot (same for entire verb)

e i

e i


Opposite endings14
Opposite endings

-vestirse –to get dressed

- me vista - nos vistamos

- te vistas - os vistáis

- se vista - se vistan


Stem changing verbs6
Stem Changing Verbs

  • e i “-ir” verbs only

  • vestirse

  • servir

  • pedir

  • seguir

  • conseguir

  • repetir

  • reír

  • freír


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