middle east brief review n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Middle East Brief review PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Middle East Brief review

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 10

Middle East Brief review - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 70 Views
  • Uploaded on

Middle East Brief review. January 2014 Dr. Mark Maggio. Syria سوريا ‎ . Civil war – stalemate President Bashar al-Assad Gov’t allied with Iran and Hezbollah Minority Alouite sect connected w/ Shiites Opposition Extremist Islamic fighters Militias loyal to al-Qaeda

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Middle East Brief review' - ilario


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
middle east brief review

Middle East Brief review

January 2014

Dr. Mark Maggio

syria
Syria سوريا‎
  • Civil war – stalemate
  • President Bashar al-Assad
    • Gov’t allied with Iran and Hezbollah
    • Minority Alouite sect connected w/ Shiites
  • Opposition
    • Extremist Islamic fighters
    • Militias loyal to al-Qaeda
    • Saudi Arabia and Qatar involved ( how? )
  • Both sides are sworn enemies of Israel
  • Moderate opposition abandoned by the West
  • 100,000 + dead
  • Refugee issues in Lebanon & Turkey
lebanon
Lebanon لبنان‎
  • Uneasy coalition government
    • Muslims (Half Sunni, half Shiite) 65%
    • Christians 35%
    • Druse tribe
  • Sectarian violence erupting
  • Staging ground for Hezbollah, Lebanese upset that Hezbollah joined the Syrian civil war on side of dictator
palestine 1
Palestine1
  • At war since 1948, not fully nation-state status yet
  • Gaza strip de-facto ruled by Hamas
  • Hamas is branch Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt
  • Muslim Brotherhood made illegal in Egypt
  • Gaza under siege from both Israel and Egypt (tunnels)
  • 1.7 million people, 3.5% growth rate (!)
  • Area, 4-7 miles wide, 25 miles long
  • No co-located capital: Ramallah
  • Sworn to destroy Israel
palestine 2
Palestine2
  • UN recognized state (3 disparate parts)
  • Vote: 138 – 9 plus 41 abstentions
  • Palestine dedicated to destruction of Israel, a UN member state
  • Palestinians face uphill struggle:
    • No control of borders, airspace or trade, separate and competing gov’ts in Gaza & West Bank, no unified army or police
  • Israel still controls:
    • West Bank of the Jordan River
    • Gaza strip access
    • Jerusalem
  • 65 yrs since U.N. voted (1947) to divide Palestine into 2 states, one for Jews, one for Arabs - Israel became a state but the Palestinians rejected the partition plan, and decades of tension and violence have followed
egypt
Egypt مصر‎
  • Arab Spring revolution fails (2010-13) (twice)
  • Under military rule now, Gen. el-Sissi
  • Democracy forces defeated
  • Also crack-down on Muslim Brotherhood
  • US confusion, backed both sides
  • Got Sinai back in 1979 Peace Treaty with Israel
jordan
Jordan الأردن‎
  • King Abdullah survived the Arab Spring
  • Constitutional monarchy
  • Hashemite tribe (not Palestinians) ruling since 1946
  • Status regarding creation of Israel 1948
  • Peace treaty (1994) with Israel
  • 6.3 million population
  • 2-3 million Palestinians (Sunnis)
  • < 1 million Iraqi refugees; 500,000 Syrian refugees
slide8
Iraq العراق‎
  • US coalition including Arabs depose Saddam Hussein
  • Ba’ath Party out, P.M. al-Maliki (Shiite) rule now
  • 65% Shiite, 35% Sunni, 15% of which are Kurdish
  • Kurdish independence, minority issues
  • Kurds and Marsh Arabs gassed, Christians & Jews fled
  • War: 2003 – 2011 (contractors still there)
  • 2013 deadliest year since 2008
  • 8,000 killed, 18,000 injured
  • 200,000-600,000 deaths since 2003
  • Failed State
saudi arabia
Saudi Arabia المملكةالعربيةالسعودية
  • Absolute monarchy al-Saud family since 1926
  • No national elections, no political parties
  • Women’s issues, gays, death penalty for apostasy
  • No practice of Christian, Jewish, or other faiths allowed
  • Sunni Islam: Al-Wahabism (religious practice)
  • Two Holy Mosques (Mecca, and Kabaa in Medina)
  • Prophet Mohammad heritage, annual Hajj
  • Oil wealth
slide10
Iran جمهوری اسلامی ایران
  • Ethnically Persian, not Arab
  • Islamic Republic, Ayatollahs, they are Shiite
  • Revolution 1980, Shah Pahlavi out
  • Women, gays, other religions executions
  • Competing pre-eminent regional power with Saudi
  • Sworn to destruction of America, Israel
  • Supports Hezbollah, Syrian gov’t
  • Nuclear weapons issue