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Good Morning! Please power up your IPADS and log o nto the Power Point in Tshare “LOSH.pptx”. The Legend of Sleepy Hollow Washington Irving.

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good morning please power up your ipads and log o nto the power point in tshare losh pptx
Good Morning!Please power up your IPADS and log onto the Power Point in Tshare “LOSH.pptx”
the legend of sleepy hollow washington irving

The Legend of Sleepy HollowWashington Irving

Washington Irving's tale of the Headless Horseman has become a Halloween classic, although few Americans celebrated that holiday when the story was new. In this unit, you will explore the artistry that helped make Irving our nation's first literary master and ponder the mystery that now haunts every Halloween –

What happened to Ichabod Crane?

objectives
Objectives

Upon completing this lesson, you will have:

  • Summarize the plot of "The Legend of Sleepy

Hollow."

  • Adapted passages of "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow"

for a contemporary audience.

  • Analyzed the characterization of Ichabod Crane and

Brom Bones in "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow."

  • Offer an imaginative response to the conclusion of

"The Legend of Sleepy Hollow."

guiding question
Guiding Question

How does "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow" still capture the imagination of readers today?

do now
Do Now!

You Classmate

Turn to the classmate next to you and share 3 things that you already know about Washington Irving's “The Legend of Sleepy Hollow”.

slide6

Please log into the URL belowWe will be using this site to read Irving's “Legend”http://www.pagebypagebooks.com/Washington_Irving/The_Legend_of_Sleepy_Hollow/The_Legend_Of_Sleepy_Hollow_p1.html

class reading
Class Reading
  • Volunteers?
  • Make sure you have your iPad/PC highlighter on!

As we read together, please highlight words you are not familiar with (you will be using these later on in this lesson!).

  • Please be respectful, reflective listeners!
  • Readers: It’s not a race, slow down, read with enthusiasm, speak clearly!!!!!
activity 1
Activity #1

The "Legend" has gained a reputation as a ghost story over the years, but Irving shaped it as a comic tale of self-delusion leading to its own downfall. Ask students to point out "the scary parts" of the story.

How scary are they in Irving's hands?

the prominence of the headless horseman in the original story
The prominence of the Headless Horseman in the original story:

Hollywood has made this frightening apparition the signature image of the tale, yet Irving presents him as a creature of hearsay and foolish superstition who remains indistinct even when he finally appears. Take a moment to point out descriptions of the Headless Horseman and evaluate his impact on the narrative.

the underlying dynamics of irving s plot
The underlying dynamics of Irving's plot:

At its core, the "Legend" is a fabliaux-like tale of rival suitors, with a suggestion that their affections are being manipulated by the lovely woman whom they both desire. And, as in a fabliaux, appetite is the driving force behind the plot, in this case the appetites of Ichabod Crane -- for food, wealth, admiration, and romance. Please summarize the story's plot from this point of view, as a chain of events set in motion by the ambitions of Ichabod Crane. Then examine the part suspense plays in the narrative. To what extent does this indispensable ingredient for a mystery advance the plot?

If you are not familiar with “fabliaux” visit the following website:

http://user.phil-fak.uni-duesseldorf.de/~holteir/companion/Navigation/Text_Groups/Fabliaux/fabliaux.html

activity 2 language in the legend of sleepy hollow
Activity #2Language in The Legend of Sleepy Hollow

Part 1

Even though the story Irving is telling in "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow" will be familiar to most of you, many of the words he uses are somewhat puzzling. Look at the first paragraph, for example, words like cove, denominate, implore, inveterate, propensity, vouch, advert, and repose…Highlight unfamiliar words as you read " The Legend of Sleepy Hollow."

part 2
Part 2

Once you have all completed the story, you will be divided into small groups, a section of the story will be assigned to each group. In your groups, use context clues and dictionaries to produce an annotated edition of the tale.

part 3
Part 3
  • Groups will take turns reporting out sharing definitions, you will return to groups and:
  • Explore the contribution of hard and far-fetched words to Irving's style by having students
  • Re-write short passages of the story in the simpler, more direct manner a writer might use today.
  • Talk about what is lost and gained in these transformations.

*To what extent does Irving's use of unusual terms serve to characterize the narrator of his story, creating an impression of voice and personality?

*To what extent does his style serve to keep readers at a distance from the story, inviting us to watch it unfold as informed observers rather than become emotionally involved?

activity 3 characters in the legend of sleepy hollow
Activity #3Characters in The Legend of Sleepy Hollow

The two main characters of "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow," Ichabod Crane and his nemesis, Brom Bones, are often assumed to be figures of American folklore, although they are in fact Irving's original creations. In your groups, examine the techniques Irving uses to create the impression that these characters have a life of their own outside his story.

part 1
Part 1

In your groups, examine the techniques Irving uses to create the impression that these characters have a life of their own outside his story.

part 21
Part 2

Compare Irving's descriptions of the two characters' physical appearance (Crane in paragraph 8, Brom Bones in paragraph 26). Consider the way Irving assembles a picture of Ichabod Crane out of separate elements, enhancing his ungainliness, while he presents Brom Bones in broader strokes, conveying an impression of energy and strength.

  • In your groups: Illustrate these passages to produce a representation of each character.
part 31
Part 3

In groups:

  • Compare the social frame Irving sets around his two main characters when they are introduced into the story.
  • Discuss how these associations play on our prejudices and color our opinions about the two characters.
part 4
Part 4

Still In groups:

  • Explore the contrasting values these two characters represent. What are their modern day equivalents in todays High School Culture (BE NICE, NO NAMES!!!!)
  • Generate further points of contrast between these two characters in order to see how Irving has set them up as almost archetypal opposites across a range of value systems.
part 5
Part 5

In groups:

  • Have each group explore responses to these two characters. Remember, to some degree "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow" is the story of an underdog who goes up against the local hero.
  • Do we pull (root, cheer) for the underdog in this contest or enjoy the spectacle of his defeat?
  • Do we side with the local hero or find ourselves drawn to the comical figure who will be his victim?
  • Talk about the ways Irving manipulates reader sympathies in his story.

For instance: from ridicule of Ichabod toward a more affectionate point of view by letting readers see more and more of the story through hiseyes, see paragraph 22, paragraphs 38 and 56, and at the story's climax in paragraphs 61-65).

activity 4 concluding the legend of sleepy hollow
Activity # 4 Concluding The Legend of Sleepy Hollow

Irving ends "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow" with an air of mystery, leaving us to wonder if the Headless Horseman really did carry away Ichabod Crane. There is a real mystery left unsolved at the end of the story: What happened to Ichabod Crane????

part 11
Part 1

In groups discuss:

After seeing him knocked from his horse by a flying pumpkin, Ichabod vanishes without a trace, though Irving gives us a rumor that he went on to become a lawyer and eventually a judge (paragraph 69). Evaluate this rumor:

  • How plausible is it?
  • How well does it square with what you know about Ichabod Crane?
part 22
Part 2

In your groups:

Brainstorm solutions to Irving's mystery, imagining what could have happened to a character like Crane…..

  • As his story is set "some thirty years" before its publication in 1820 (paragraph 8), consider what was happening in the United States at that time?
  • What famous Americans might he have encountered?
  • What historic events might he have witnessed?
part 32
Part 3

On your own (not in groups) speculate on the later career of this literary character (Ichabod), then write a story about some episode in Ichabod Crane's life after "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow" or an imaginary obituary summing up what he made of himself after his fateful encounter with his own worst fears!