Jobs in Administration of Justice Local, State and Federal Agency requirements
Police Officer/Deputy Sheriff • The most common of sworn positions • In California, hiring standards are controlled by local regulation, needs of the department as well as adherence to state law. • California Government Code 1031
Government Code 1031 • 1031. Each class of public officers or employees declared by law to be peace officers shall meet all of the following minimum standards: (a) Be a citizen of the United States or a permanent resident alien who is eligible for and has applied for citizenship, except as provided in Section 2267 of the Vehicle Code. (b) Be at least 18 years of age. (c) Be fingerprinted for purposes of search of local, state, and national fingerprint files to disclose any criminal record. (d) Be of good moral character, as determined by a thorough background investigation. (e) Be a high school graduate, pass the General Education Development Test indicating high school graduation level, pass the California High School Proficiency Examination, or have attained a two-year or four-year degree from an accredited college or university.
Government Code 1031 • f) Be found to be free from any physical, emotional, or mental condition which might adversely affect the exercise of the powers of a peace officer. Physical condition shall be evaluated by a licensed physician and surgeon. Emotional and mental condition shall be evaluated by a licensed physician and surgeon or by a licensed psychologist who has a doctoral degree in psychology and at least five years of postgraduate experience in the diagnosis and treatment of emotional and mental disorders. This section shall not be construed to preclude the adoption of additional or higher standards, including age.
Application Process • Once you decide to apply, you fill out a standard city or county employment application. • If determined to meet minimum qualifications, you are then scheduled for testing, usually written examination is first.
Application Process - Testing • Written exams usually cover: • Reading Comprehension • Critical Thinking • Simple Math Problems • English Skills • Next comes the physical agility test
Application Process - Testing • Physical Agility Testing • This varies from agency to agency, but it normally includes: • Run to a 6 foot wall, climb over • Serpentine run • Over-under-Over obstacle • 20 foot balance beam • 150 pound dummy drag • Handcuffing simulator • Trigger pull test • Some agencies also incorporate a 1-2 mile run
Application Process – Oral Board • Then comes the oral board • No more “stress” orals • Like most other job interviews, but with a panel of 3-5 interviewers • Not looking for your knowledge of police work • Looking for how you reason problems out • Is this person qualified to work at my PD? • Do I want to work with this person?
Application Process - Background • When you pass the oral board, then the background starts • Personal History Questionnaire • This is an expanded job application. 10-20 pages, or more, long • They want all jobs, addresses, schools, and persons known for at least the past 10 years • Military background • Drug, arrest, driving and credit histories will be looked into
Application Process - Background • Then you are scheduled for: • Polygraph/Voice Stress Analyzer* • “Lie Detector” DON’T THINK YOU CAN FOOL IT!! • Psychological Exam – Fitness for Duty • Why do you hate your mama and love your daddy? • Medical Examination/Drug Screen • Can you walk and chew gum at the same time while remembering to breath? *Not required by state law. Only Psych and Medical Screen
Once you pass the Background • You are given a conditional offer of employment, usually before the medical exam. • Pass that successfully and you are a probationary officer • Now comes the hard part. The academy.
State Agencies • California Highway Patrol • Department of Justice Bureau of Investigation • BNE Most have the same process and procedures that local and county agencies do, the state application process though is more complex
Federal Agencies • FBI Entry Requirements: • To qualify as an FBI Special Agent, you must be a U.S. citizen, or a citizen of the Northern Mariana Islands, at least 23 and not have reached your 37th birthday on appointment. Candidates must be completely available for assignment anywhere in the FBI's jurisdiction, have uncorrected vision not worse than 20/200 (Snellen) and corrected 20/20 in one eye and not worse than 20/40 in the other eye. All candidates must pass a color vision test.
FBI Requirements • Special Agent applicants also must meet hearing standards by audiometer test. • Candidates must possess a valid driver's license, and be in excellent physical condition with no defects which would interfere in firearm use, raids, or defensive tactics. • Applicants must possess a four-year degree from a college or university accredited by one of the regional or national institutional associations recognized by the United States Secretary of Education.
FBI Requirements • College Degrees and skills accepted by the FBI: • Law • Accounting • Computer Science and other Information Technology specialties • Engineering • Physical Sciences (Physics, Chemistry, Biology, etc.) • Foreign Language Proficiency (Arabic, Farsi, Pashtu, Urdu, Chinese [all dialects], Japanese, Korean, Russian, Spanish, and Vietnamese) • Foreign Counterintelligence * • Counterterrorism * • Military Intelligence experience * • * Military experience/training
FBI Requirements • Diversified Entry Program: • To qualify under the Diversified Program, you must have a BS or BA degree in any discipline, plus three years of full-time work experience, or an advanced degree accompanied by two years of full-time work experience.
FBI Training • 16-18 weeks at the FBI Academy, located at the Quantico Marine Corp Base, Virginia. • The FBI has approximately 11,400 Special Agents and over 16,400 other employees who perform professional, administrative, technical, clerical, craft, trade, or maintenance operations. About 9,800 employees are assigned to FBIHQ; nearly 18,000 are assigned to field installations.
United States Marshal Service • You must be a U.S. citizen, be between the ages of 21 and 36, be in excellent physical condition, have a bachelor's degree or three years of qualifying experience, or an equivalent combination of education and experience, possess a valid drivers license with a good driving record, pass a written test, complete a structured interview, permit a background investigation, and undergo a rigorous 10-week basic training program at the U.S. Marshals Service Training Academy in Glynco, GA.
United States Marshal Service • Since 1789, U.S. Marshals and their Deputies have answered the call to service of the American people. From taking the census to protecting the President, the missions of the Service have changed to meet the needs of the nation. Today, the Marshals Service is responsible for providing protection for the federal judiciary, transporting federal prisoners, protecting endangered federal witnesses and managing assets seized from criminal enterprises. In addition, the men and women of the Marshals Service pursue and arrest 55 percent of all federal fugitives, more than all other federal agencies combined.
Drug Enforcement Agency • The Basics: • Applicants must be U.S. citizens, between 21 and 36 years of age at the time of appointment, must possess a valid driver's license, and be able to obtain a Top Secret security clearance. • Physical: • Excellent physical condition, sharp hearing acuity, and uncorrected vision of at least 20/200 (Snellen) and corrected vision of 20/20 in one eye and 20/40 in the other (Radial Keratotomy is disqualifying). Education:
Drug Enforcement Agency • Successful candidates possess a college degree with a cumulative GPA of 2.95 or better. Additional consideration will be given to those individuals who have degrees in special skill areas: Criminal Justice/Police Science or Related Disciplines, Finance, Accounting, Economics, Foreign Language (with fluency verified) in Spanish, Russian, Hebrew, Arabic, Nigerian, Chinese or Japanese, Computer Science/Information Systems, and Telecommunications/Electrical/Mechanical Engineering.
United States Secret Service • Special agents are charged with two missions: protection and investigation. During the course of their careers, special agents carry out assignments in both of these areas and must be available to be assigned to duty stations anywhere in the world.
United States Secret Service Requirements • U.S. citizenship. Must be at least 21 years of age and younger than 37 at time of appointment. • (1) Bachelor's degree from an accredited college or university; or (2) three years of work experience in the criminal investigative or law enforcement fields that require knowledge and application of laws relating to criminal violations; or (3) and equivalent combination of education and related experience.
United States Secret Service • Vision uncorrected no worse than 20/60 in each eye; correctable to 20/20 in each eye. • Excellent health and physical condition. • Must pass the Treasury Enforcement Agent or U.S. Marshal's Enforcement exam. • Complete background investigation to include in-depth interviews, drug screening, medical examination, and polygraph examination.
Some Internet Links: • www.fbi.gov and www.fbijobs.com • www.usdoj.gov/marshals/ • www.usdoj.gov/dea/ • www.ustreas.gov/usss • www.ins.usdoj.gov • www.customs.ustreas.gov
Some Internet Links: • www.livermorepolice.org/ • www.ci.pleasanton.ca.us/police.html • www.co.alameda.ca.us/sheriff/ • www.chp.ca.gov/ • www.post.ca.gov