Fun with Commas:. The Rules for the “Polite Punctuation”. BRAIN PICK!. Before we begin, title a new section in your notebook, “Comma Brain Pick” and list all the times you know a sentence (or any writing) needs a comma! Think letters….they have many Think SASSY . COMMA PRACTICE.
The Rules for the “Polite Punctuation”
* city, state
*street address, city, state zip code
*21150 North Arrowhead Loop, Glendale, AZ 85308
*Use to separate the intro word from the sentence
Yes, I love writing.
No, I do not mind homework.
Ouch, that hurt!
Crack, the baseball flew into the air!
This includes interjections and onomatopoeia too!
* Be POLITE…use commas to add information
*I finished my homework, barely,
before it was collected.
*Boxers, I believe, are the best breed of dog.
*I like to write, however, I prefer to choose my own
WARNING: Although both use commas, it is only an appositive if the information informs more about the NOUN (rule 13)
*Begin and end your friendly letter politely!
*Comma after a salutation
Dear Ms. Neveux,
*Comma after the closing
*Offset the items in a list with commas
*I need a pencil, paper, and an
eraser to write.
*Off set multiple phrases with a comma (balanced sentence)
*Ms. Neveux walked into the room, smiled at the class, and instinctively began to teach.
*Separate the person being spoken to from the words with a comma.
*Adam, did you finish your paper?
*I need money, Mom!
*Did you, Michael, find the hidden message?
*Separate two or more adjectives with a comma
EXCEPTION: colors and numbers
*Ambitious, dedicated students excel in school.
*The woman wore an exquisite, lavish bracelet.
*Many jumbo orange pumpkins are bought in the Fall.
*To clarify, a writer must put a comma between a dependent and independent clause when the dependent comes first. We consider
These COMPLEX sentences many times.
CORRECT: When the sun came out, the birds sang.
INCORRECT: When the sun came out the birds sang.
*Separate what is said, dialogue, from who said it and how (speech tag)with a comma or commas!
* “Quote,” Speech tag
“Snow peas are good with mustard,” laughed Amy.
*Speech tag, “Quote”
Gretchen bellowed, “They’re coming!”
* “Quote,” Speech tag, “Quote”
“Her dog,” sobbed Alice, “ran away.”
*When a name is inverted, it will follow the structure:
Last Name, First Name
* Compound Sentence:Two or more simple sentences, subject and predicate, joined with a comma and conjunction.
, and ,or ,but
*I wanted the pink one, but the store had sold out.
*She came late to school, and the office gave her detention for it!
*The girls will finish the project, or the teacher will have to give them a zero.
*Just like any interrupter, use commas to add information about a noun.
Ms. Neveux, my teacher, loves to write.
Cacti, unusual and distinctive plants, are very common in Arizona.