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The History of Halloween. Where did it come from?. Pomona. Roman goddess of fruitful abundance Known for carrying a cornucopia from “pomum”which means fruit. Parentalia. Roman festival of the dead “ancestral days”, honoring passed family members Observed Feb. 13- 21

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The History of Halloween


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pomona
Pomona
  • Roman goddess of fruitful abundance
  • Known for carrying a cornucopia
  • from“pomum”which means fruit
parentalia
Parentalia
  • Roman festival of the dead
  • “ancestral days”, honoring passed family members
  • Observed Feb. 13- 21
  • First pointing towards “spooky” spirits and ghosts
celtic festivals
Celtic Festivals
  • Samhain- old Irish for “summers end”
  • Celts felt that spirits and magic were more present as the cold set in
  • Built huge bonfires to ward off spirits
  • Carved turnips
medieval christianity
Medieval Christianity
  • Known as All Saints Day
  • A time to honor the dead who had not yet gone to heaven
  • Another reference to the “spooky” spirits we think of today
irish scottish immigrants to america
Irish & Scottish Immigrants to America
  • Brought with them Celtic tradition of Samhain
  • Originally celebrated in small immigrant communities
  • Spread to a nationwide holiday and adopted an American fruit, the pumpkin
slide9

a Scottish variant of the fuller All-Hallows-Evening

  • Hallowmas- another name for All Saints Day
  • All Hallows Eve
  • Hallowtide in Britain
costumes
Costumes
  • Originates from Scottish “guising”, going from house to house in disguise
  • Became very popular in the U.S. around the 1930’s because of the Great Depression
trick or treating
Trick-or-Treating
  • Originates in the Middle Ages
  • Poor would go door to door receiving food for prayers
  • The threat of a trick if one does not receive a treat
  • Became popular in the 1950’s
food symbols
Food & Symbols
  • Pumpkin – native to Americas, was not originally part of Halloween
  • A symbol of the harvest
  • Carving originated in Ireland and Scotland
  • Immigrants found pumpkins more available and easier to carve when they came to America