Situational Irony: When there is a contrast between what a reader or character expects and what actually exists or happens. We think one thing will happen and then a new situation emerges which is the opposite of what we expected. Irony
Verbal Irony: Saying one thing, but meaning something else. . . knowingly exaggerating. (sarcasm) Example: A man yelling “I’m not mad!!!” as his face is turning red and his voice is rising. Irony
Verbal Irony Example “It looks like you put a lot of thought into your outfit. Thanks for dressing up.”
Dramatic Irony: The audience or reader knows something another character does not know. Dramatic Irony Example: We, the audience, know that there is a surprise party for Carlos; however, Carlos does not know and is surprised to find a room full of friends when he arrives home. Irony
Dramatic Irony Example STEVE BOB Although we, the audience, know Bob is in danger of being shot by Steve, poor Bob does not know Steve is around the corner.
The audience knows that the true identity of catwoman is Selina Kyle, but other characters in the movie, do NOT, DRAMATIC IRONY
An old man turned ninety-eight He won the lottery and died the next day It’s a black fly in your chardonnay It’s a death row pardon two minutes too late Chorus: And isn’t it ironic, don’t you think? It’s like rain on your wedding day It’s a free ride when you’ve already paid It’s the good advice that you just didn’t take And who would have thought? It figures…….. Mr. Play-it-safe was afraid to fly He packed his suitcase and kissed his kids goodbye He waited his whole life to take that flight And as the plane crashed down, he thought well isn’t this nice? Well, life has a funny way of sneaking up on you when you think everything’s okay and everything’s going right And life has a funny way of throwing you out when you think everything’s gone wrong and everything blows up in your face A traffic jam when you’re already late A no smoking sign on your cigarette break It’s like ten thousand spoons when all you need is a knife It’s meeting the man of my dreams and then meeting his beautiful wife And isn’t it ironic, don’t you think? It’s like rain on your wedding day It’s a free ride when you’ve already paid It’s the good advice that you just didn’t take And who would have thought? It figures…… IRONIC–WRITTEN AND PERFORMED BY ALANIS MORISETTE
IIRONY Identify the types of irony present in the following situations!
What type of irony is present? 1) Lois Lane, a reporter at the Daily Planet, is in love with the superhero Superman. She is obsessed with him, and always asks her co-worker, Clark Kent for information about him. She thinks that Clark and Superman are friends. However, Clark is actually Superman in disguise and is very much in love with Lois, but she won’t give Clark the time of day
What type of irony is present? 2) A son reluctantly walked outside to meet his father in the yard at 6:00 on a Saturday morning. “Are you ready to do some yard work?” his father asked. “Yeah, I can’t wait,” the boy replied.
What type of irony is present? • 3) Janice begins to receive threatening notes in the mail and on her car. Then, a car tries to run her over in a dark parking lot. She can’t see who the driver is. She goes to her best friend Doug for help. However, her attacker keeps trying to kill her. Finally, Doug has her come stay with him at his cabin so she will be safe. Then, he reveals that HE is the attacker!!
What type of irony is present? 4) Cinderella, a penniless house slave to her step-mother and two step-sisters, goes to a ball held for the prince. The prince believes that Cinderella is a royal lady since she is at the ball and is so beautiful. He falls in love with her not knowing that she is a maid in her step-mother’s house.
What type of irony is present? 5) Ashley is six feet tall. She will only date guys who are 6’3 and above. One night, she saw a guy who was less than 5 feet tall. She said, “Yeah, he definitely meets my height requirement.”
Answers • 1 - Dramatic • 2 - Verbal • 3 - Situational • 4 - Dramatic • 5 - Verbal