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Tools, Containers, & Mechanics of Floral Design. Modified by the GA Ag Ed Curriculum Office July 2002. Types of Hand Tools. Knives. One of the most important floral design tools because flowers must be cut before arranging Pocket knives and paring knives are the most commonly used types.

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tools containers mechanics of floral design

Tools, Containers, & Mechanics of Floral Design

Modified by the GA Ag Ed Curriculum Office

July 2002

knives
Knives
  • One of the most important floral design tools because flowers must be cut before arranging
  • Pocket knives and paring knives are the most commonly used types.
clippers
Clippers
  • Also called floral shears
  • Used for cutting and trimming thicker flower and foliage stems
wire cutters
Wire cutters
  • Several types of wire cutters are available:
    • Wire Snips: have a spring action handle and short blades; can be used to cut thick items easily
    • Utility Wire Scissors: serrated; used to cut wire and plastic; often have longer blades
strippers
Strippers
  • Also called rose strippers or dethorners
  • Used for removing thorns and leaves from stems
scissors
Scissors
  • Ribbon scissors have long slender blades, and they should only be used on ribbon, netting, and fabric.
  • Utility scissors are used to cut thicker materials.
function
Function
  • Containers are the foundation of a design.
  • Containers that house fresh flowers must hold water and provide a deep reservoir.
  • The opening in a container should be big enough to hold all the stems of a design.
  • The container should be heavy enough to support the actual weight of the design.
shape and size
Shape and Size
  • The shape of the container should flow visually with the arrangement.
  • The shape of the container will often dictate the form of the finished design.
  • Container size should be proportional to the flowers -- not too big or too small.
style
Style
  • Certain container shapes portray a period style theme.
  • The color of the container should be compatible with the flowers of the design.
  • The texture of the container reflects the mood of the design. For example, coarse textured baskets reflect a casual mood and rugged style.
materials
Materials
  • Glassware: common, affordable, and versatile; simple and elegant
  • Plastics: come in a variety of shapes, sizes, and colors; can take on the appearance of other materials
  • Baskets: charming and homey; can be used to create many different looks
materials14
Materials
  • Ceramics: includes pottery, stoneware, and porcelain; glazing can create a polished and formal appearance
  • Brass: highly reflective and elegant; generally expensive; used for special designs
establishing the foundation
Establishing the Foundation
  • A secure foundation is necessary to arrange flowers and have them remain where you put them.
  • Popular foundation materials include floral foam, pin holders, grids, and lacing.
floral foam
Floral Foam
  • Porous material designed specifically for the arrangement of flowers
  • Must be soaked in water if used for fresh flowers
  • Do not reuse foam after soaking.
  • It is best to cut floral foam with a knife.
  • Foam should be anchored with tape, pins, or glue.
pin holders
Pin Holders
  • Also known as needlepoint holders or frogs
  • Has a heavy metal base with many closely spaced pins sticking upwards
  • Requires more time and care when used in a design
grids
Grids
  • Used mostly in clear glass containers to make arranging easier
  • You can get pre-made plastic grids, or you can make one by taping off the top of the container.
lacing
Lacing
  • A grid made by interlocking foliage stems
  • Leatherleaf fern is commonly used in lacing.
slide21
Wire
  • A gauge number indicates thickness. For example, a lower number equals a thicker wire.
  • Types of wire

–straight

– paddle

–chicken

  • Wiring techniques

–pierce

– hook-wire

– insertion

glue adhesives
Glue Adhesives
  • Helps to keep individual pieces of an arrangement securely fastened together
  • Common types
    • pan-melt
    • glue guns and sticks
    • liquid floral glue
    • spray glue
clays and tapes
Clays and Tapes
  • Floral clay is a putty-like substance used to anchor items into water.
  • Floral tape is a paraffin-coated paper tape that sticks to itself when stretched.
ribbon
Ribbon
  • Adds a decorative touch to designs
  • Ribbon width is referred to by numbers such as #3, #9, #40, etc.
  • A larger number equals a wider ribbon.
types of ribbon
Types of Ribbon
  • Satin acetate ribbon is the least expensive and most commonly used. You can also use:
    • wired ribbon
    • paper ribbon
    • metallic ribbon
    • decorative lace
    • print/novelty ribbon