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Socio-Cultural Theory. Social & Cultural Influences on Cognitive Development. Lev Vygotsky. Russian Psychologist Lived during the Bolshevik revolution of 1918 Professors were considered dangerous by the State Died relatively young, 38 (Very difficult life in Soviet Union)

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Socio cultural theory

Socio-Cultural Theory

Social & Cultural Influences on Cognitive Development


Lev vygotsky
Lev Vygotsky

  • Russian Psychologist

  • Lived during the Bolshevik revolution of 1918

  • Professors were considered dangerous by the State

  • Died relatively young, 38 (Very difficult life in Soviet Union)

  • Always seemed to have a gaggle of students with him

  • Raging debates around the kitchen table

  • Answered student questions with another question


Socio cultural theory1
Socio-Cultural Theory

  • Social Interaction causes Cog. Development

    • Co-Constructed Knowledge

      • New knowledge created first between people, then internalized

  • Culture influences Cog. Development

    • Cannot be separated from the individual

      • Values, Tools, Resources, …

  • Language Shapes Cog. Development


Socio cultural theory2
Socio-Cultural Theory

  • Private Speech

    • Talking to yourself

    • Functions of “Self Talk”

      • Self-Regulate – “Ooh, ooh, not too close.”

      • Self-Evaluate – “I can’t BELIEVE I did that!”

      • Self-Instruct – “Okay, now the next step is…”

    • Characteristics of “Self-Talk”

      • 3-5 yrs audible moving to inaudible later

      • Presents most often in high stress situations


Socio cultural theory3
Socio-Cultural Theory

  • Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD)

    • Inner-Layer

      • KSA that the learner has complete control over

    • Outermost-Layer

      • KSA that the learner cannot control or learn

    • Middle Layer

      • KSA that the learner can acquire with assistance

        • Zone of Proximal Development

        • Potential for learning

        • Large ZPD = ?


Socio cultural theory4
Socio-Cultural Theory

  • Assisted Learning

    • Professional Social Interaction

    • Scaffolding

      • Cuing

      • Modeling

      • ½ done examples

      • Thinking out loud

      • Reciprocal teaching

      • Checklists