Socio-Cultural Theory - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Socio-Cultural Theory

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  1. Socio-Cultural Theory Social & Cultural Influences on Cognitive Development

  2. Lev Vygotsky • Russian Psychologist • Lived during the Bolshevik revolution of 1918 • Professors were considered dangerous by the State • Died relatively young, 38 (Very difficult life in Soviet Union) • Always seemed to have a gaggle of students with him • Raging debates around the kitchen table • Answered student questions with another question

  3. Socio-Cultural Theory • Social Interaction causes Cog. Development • Co-Constructed Knowledge • New knowledge created first between people, then internalized • Culture influences Cog. Development • Cannot be separated from the individual • Values, Tools, Resources, … • Language Shapes Cog. Development

  4. Socio-Cultural Theory • Private Speech • Talking to yourself • Functions of “Self Talk” • Self-Regulate – “Ooh, ooh, not too close.” • Self-Evaluate – “I can’t BELIEVE I did that!” • Self-Instruct – “Okay, now the next step is…” • Characteristics of “Self-Talk” • 3-5 yrs audible moving to inaudible later • Presents most often in high stress situations

  5. Socio-Cultural Theory • Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD) • Inner-Layer • KSA that the learner has complete control over • Outermost-Layer • KSA that the learner cannot control or learn • Middle Layer • KSA that the learner can acquire with assistance • Zone of Proximal Development • Potential for learning • Large ZPD = ?

  6. Socio-Cultural Theory • Assisted Learning • Professional Social Interaction • Scaffolding • Cuing • Modeling • ½ done examples • Thinking out loud • Reciprocal teaching • Checklists