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  1. CNRS 14 000 Researchers12 000 Engineers, Technicians, Administrative IN2P3 INSU SPM SPI STIC SC SDV SHS Universe Nuclear Particle Physics Maths Bio. Eng. Computers Chemistry Humanities Personnel: 1931 2671 2833 1317 1409 3496 5748 3969 Budget: 2,2 G€

  2. CNRS • Life Sciences • Computer sciences • Nanotechnologies • Environment • Interdisciplinarity CNRS Priorities

  3. IN2P3 • Particle Physics • Nuclear Physics • Astroparticle Physics (interdisciplinary) • Nuclear Energy (interdisciplinary)

  4. IN2P3/CNRS Uni. CNRS CNRS Uni.

  5. NUCLEAR PHYSICS Probe the nature of the confinement of quarks and gluons First priority to the achievement of the construction of the ALICE detector (LHC) Experimental program pursued at RHIC (STAR, PHENIX) 50 FTE Probe the structure and the dynamics of nuclei. Nature of the nucleonic matter Limits of nuclear stability. The heaviest bound elements Formation of elements in the universe GANIL(Caen) with its dedicated Radioactive Ion Beam Facility ( SPIRAL, SPIRAL II project) ORSAY Tandem (+ALTO) GSI, LEGNARO, JYVASKYLA, ISOLDE, VIVITRON shut-down (december 2003) 115 FTE Probe the quark-gluon structure of nucleons and nuclei (Three groups - JLAB-CEBAF) 25 FTE Theory46 FTE Nuclear wastes Innovative solutions for nuclear energy55 FTE

  6. NUCLEAR PHYSICS 290 permanent scientists 221 physicists (experimentalists), 46 theorists, 23 radiochemists

  7. Nature of the confinement of quarks and gluons TOF TRD HMPID TPC PMD PHOS ITS Muon arm ALICE (CERN) IN2P3 5 laboratories - Dimuon arm - Internal tracking system (ITS) Investment: 6.6 M€ Déconfinement of elementary constituant of nucleons and nuclei Equation of state of nuclear matter - Quark-gluon plasma 2002-2006 Construction of the ALICE detector 2002- 2007 RHIC : Participation to STAR (SSD project) (2 labs) and PHENIX ( electronics of dimuon arm)( 4 labs) 2007- ….. First experiments at the LHC

  8. Hadronic physics Understanding of the structure of nucleons and light nuclei Confinement of quarks et gluons in hadrons Strong interaction (QCD) Structure modifications of hadrons in nuclear matter TJNAF: ( G0 , Deep VCS), GRAAL (ESRF), MAMI (PVA4, parity violation) HADES:Properties of (r, w,f) mesons in nuclear matter Ongoing discussions on the future programs G0 HADES

  9. Structure and the dynamics of nuclei. Nature of the nucleonic matter Some key facts: New limits of stability (37Ne) Discovery of 48Ni 2p radioactivity New deformations Nuclear molecules New magicity New detectors (EXOGAM, VAMOS) GANIL - Origin of nuclear binding - Limits of nuclear stability - Heavy and super-heavy elements - Formation of elements in the universe (nucléosynthesis) SPIRAL R&D for SPIRAL2: ALTO R&D future detectors: AGATA • KEEP THE INTERNATIONAL COMPETITIVITY OF GANIL • SPIRAL2 project • - 2002-2006 experiments with SPIRAL I • SPIRAL II , a priority stated by NuPECC 100M€ (full cost) - cofinanced by Region (33%) • - 2003-2004 design study and discussion with • potential partners . Decision expected mid-2004 • 2005-2008 Construction • Complementarity with GSI On a longer term: EURISOL project

  10. SPIRAL II project Driver SC Linac: 40MeV, 5mA d et 14.5 AMeV, 1pmA heavy-ions >1013 fissions/sec. d->n 12C converter + 238UCx target • Multi-beams (up to 5) • Into operation: 2008 Post-acceleration in CIME Energy < 6 AMeV

  11. AGATA : Advanced GAmma TrackingArrayA new generation gamma spectrometerHigh detection sensitivity: 100 to 1000 higher than EUROBALL • Physics case Towards the spectroscopy of heavy and superheavy nuclei Nuclei very far from stability Exotic shapes of nuclei • European collaboration Large R&D collaboration 10 countries, 40 laboratories 400 researchers concerned Main potential sites:GSI and GANIL • The detector • 180 hexagonal coaxial detectors each segmented in 36 (6x6) • 7000 channels • Digital electronics • 14 bits, 100 MHz ADC’s • low noise, large stability • Large on line computing power • pulse shape analysis • gamma tracking French contribution to the R&D phase(CEA-IN2P3-GANIL): 1.25 M€

  12. Frequency :2,99855 GHz repetition frequency: 100 Hz Energy :50 MeV pulse duration : 2 ns-2µs Mean current:10 µA Emittance : 6 p mm.mrad @ 50 MeV e-gun 50 MeV RF section 132Sn ~ 4. 107 ions/µC 78Zn ~ 2 105 ions/µC UCx target On line separator PARRNe2 Operation: early 2005

  13. The EURISOL Project European Isotope Separation On-Line Radioactive Ion Beam Facility Post accelerator HI Linac 100 AMeV Driver : proton Linac 1 GeV; 5mA 4Targets: direct beam on target : 100 KW; With converter : 4 MW Sources : ECRIS RILIS (laser) Experimental halls: Low energy (AkeV) Astrophysics (1 AMeV) Structure (10 AMeV) Reactions (100 AMeV) Design study (6ème PCRD) G.Fortuna (Legnaro) Y.Blumenfeld (IPN Orsay) P.Butler (Isolde) Coordinating Institution :GANIL EURISOL and GSI are complementary facilities SPIRAL-II: a first step to the high power direction (300kW) LINAG, the SPIRAL-II accelerator, could be part of the post accelerator of EURISOL

  14. Pluridisciplinary Program PACE Back-end of electronuclear cycle Answer to the law passed in 1991 which defines main research orientations on the management of nuclear wastes (evaluation to be done in 2006) : o Separation and transmutation o Storage in deep geological sites o Conditioning and surface storage IN2P3 focused on transmutation of nuclear wastes and innovative systems for the future of nuclear Energy - Experimental validation of Accelerator Driven Systems (ADS) - Active participation to R&D European programs (MEGAPIE, n-TOF, MUSE, PDS-XADS…) - High intensity accelerator developments (IPHI) - Deeply involved in the preparation of an ambitious project for the 6th european program aiming at the future construction of a demonstrator (IP EUROTRANS) - Study of innovative systems for Nuclear Energy based on the Thorium cycle Innovative scenarios, focused on the concept of a molten salt reactor (one of the choice of Generation IV) Collaboration with CEA, EDF, FRAMATOME IN2P3 55 FTE

  15. International Collaborations Bilateral agreements with: Spain, Netherlands, Tchec. Republic Poland, Romania, GSI Regular meetings with INFN, EPSRC, DOE 6th FP: (EURONS), HP EUROTRANS, Molten salt reactors Under discussion: Cross-participation in GSI and SPIRAL2 projects LEA Legnaro-GANIL UK@GANIL GDRE with Poland (Radioactive beams) (GDRE on nuclear astrophysics)