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A famous inhabitant of the Roman empire: Jesus of NazarethMA Research Seminarthird session: sources F.G. Naerebout 20 Feb 2012
Sources: categorization I • Direct biographical sources • 1) written sources (handed down) • St Paul • Gospels • Tacitus • Josephus, Testimonium Flavianum • Maybe a very few rabbinic sources and agrapha • 2) archaeological/epigraphic/papyrological sources • None undisputed (Gospel of Thomas, Ossuary of James?) • Note: no depictions before the 3rd c.
Sources: categorization II • Indirect biographical sources = background evidence • 1) written sources (handed down) • Bible = OT; Hebrew canonical texts, Aramaic and Greek translations • Apocrypha and pseudepigrapha • Josephus • Philo of Alexandria
Sources: categorization III • 2) archaeological/epigraphic/papyrological sources • Material culture of Palestine Jürgen Zangenberg • “Dead Sea Scrolls” • Jean-Baptiste Frey, Corpus inscriptionum judaicarum, Rome 1936-1952 • Victor Tcherikover & Alexander Fuks (edd), Corpus papyrorum judaicarum, Cambridge 1957-1963 • Ya’akov Meshorer, A treasury of Jewish coins from the Persian period to Bar Kokhba, New York 2001 • Non-Jewish inscriptions: Greek, Aramaic, Latin
Sources: categorization IV • Indirect2 • any source that can tell us about politics, law, religion, economy… in the 1st century AD and that does not deal (specifically) with Palestine or the (Egyptian) diaspora