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South-South Migration

South-South Migration

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South-South Migration

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  1. South-South Migration United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR) New York, 29 November 2011 Pablo LattesMigration SectionPopulation Division - DESAUnited Nations

  2. What is south-south migration? Definitions of ‘south’ and what countries are part of it? Time – recent migration flows versus long term stock of migrants? And how about the second generation? Measurement errors – how do we measure circular or short term migration if censuses are the only source of data for many countries? Free or forced – should we distinguish between free and forced migration when talking about south-south migration? Regular / irregular – do we count all migrants or only those in a regular situation. Migration Section – Population Division - DESA, 2011

  3. Origin of migrants – data limitations Migrants are generally reported by country of destination Partial list of countries listed as origin Origin of migration changing with time Difficult to show trends due to lack of data The Migration Section of the Population Division is currently working on a set of estimates Migration Section – Population Division - DESA, 2011

  4. Definition of ‘south’(Population Division – DESA) ‘South’ refers to the less developed regions which comprise all regions of Africa, Asia (excluding Japan) and Latin America and the Caribbean, as well as Melanesia, Micronesia and Polynesia. The ‘North” or more developed regions comprise all regions of Europe plus Northern America, Australia, New Zealand and Japan. Migration Section – Population Division - DESA, 2011

  5. South/North split according to different agencies / organisations Population Division (development level) More developed regions 127.7 - (60%) Less developed regions 86.2 - (40%) World Bank (income) High income 132.4 - (62%) Middle and low income 81.5 - (38%) UNDP (HDI - Human Development Index) Very high (HDI .9 and above) 120.4 - (56%) High, medium, low (HID < .9) 93.5 - (44%) Migration Section – Population Division - DESA, 2011

  6. Distribution of migrants by development level (1960-2010) Migration Section – Population Division - DESA, 2011

  7. Regional migration matrix 2010 (thousands) Migration Section – Population Division - DESA, 2011

  8. Regional migration matrix 2010 (thousands) Migration Section – Population Division - DESA, 2011

  9. Regional migration matrix 2010 (thousands) Migration Section – Population Division - DESA, 2011

  10. Regional migration matrix 2010 (thousands) Migration Section – Population Division - DESA, 2011

  11. Regional migration matrix 2010 (thousands) Migration Section – Population Division - DESA, 2011

  12. Regional migration matrix 2010 (thousands) Migration Section – Population Division - DESA, 2011

  13. Regional migration matrix 2010 (thousands) Migration Section – Population Division - DESA, 2011

  14. People on the move Migration Section – Population Division - DESA, 2011

  15. Migrant stock - 2010 North (60%) 127.7 million South (40%) 86.2 million

  16. Age of migrantsand length of stay

  17. Distribution of migrant inflows by age to selected countries in Europe Migration Section – Population Division - DESA, 2011

  18. Age distribution of stocks • More developed regions: • Older age distribution very different to age distribution of flows. • Large increase for 60+ • Less developed regions: • Age distribution similar to age distribution of inflows. • No increase for 60+