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Day 120: Wilsonian Progressivism at Home and Abroad. Baltimore Polytechnic Institute March 11, 2014 A/A.P. U.S. History Mr. Green. Wilsonian Progressivism. Objectives: Students will:

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day 120 wilsonian progressivism at home and abroad

Day 120: Wilsonian Progressivism at Home and Abroad

Baltimore Polytechnic Institute

March 11, 2014

A/A.P. U.S. History

Mr. Green

wilsonian progressivism
Wilsonian Progressivism

Objectives: Students will:

Discuss the key issues of the pivotal 1912 election and the basic principles of Wilsonian progressivism.

Describe how Wilson successfully reformed the “triple wall of privilege.”

State the basic features of Wilson’s moralistic foreign policy, and explain how, despite his intentions, it drew him into intervention in Mexico and elsewhere in Latin America.

AP Focus

A split in the Republican Party between supporters of Theodore Roosevelt and of President William Howard Taft gives the Democrats’ Woodrow Wilson's victory in the 1912 election.

An idealist by nature and experience, President Wilson soon addresses some of the burning concerns of his time: the high protective tariff, the power of the trusts, and banking monopolies. He also uses his rhetorical skills and academic experience to convince the public and Congress that the plight of impoverished and exploited farmers and wage laborers must be addressed.

chapter focus
Chapter Focus

Chapter Themes

After winning a three-way election, focused on different theories of progressivism, Woodrow Wilson successfully pushed through a sweeping program of domestic economic and social reform in his first term.

Wilson’s attempt to promote an idealistic progressive foreign policy failed, as dangerous military involvements threatened Latin America, the North Atlantic, and Europe.


Test Friday March 14 Chapters 27-30

Presidential Election Charts due on Thursday

1900, 1904, 1908, 1912-class assignment

Decade Chart 1910s due next week, but we will start them now

the bull moose campaign of 1912
The “Bull Moose” Campaign of 1912

Democrats nominate Woodrow Wilson, Governor of New Jersey

Republicans nominate William Howard Taft

Bull Moose Party nominated T.R.

T.R. and Taft ripped each other on the camp

Roosevelt’s New Nationalism or Wilson’s New Freedom

Roosevelt followed The Promise of American Life (1910)-consolidate trusts and unions with growth of regulatory agencies

woman suffrage

social welfare-minimum wage, social insurance

cont d

Wilson’s New Freedom

favored small enterprise, entrepreneurship, free functioning of unregulated and un-monopolized markets

Democrats shunned social welfare in favor of competition

Fragment industrial combines

Roosevelt was shot in Milwaukee and continued to give the speech

he suspended his camp for 2 weeks

woodrow wilson a minority president
Woodrow Wilson: A minority president

Wilson-435 electoral votes & 6,296,547 popular votes-41% of popular vote

Roosevelt-88 electoral votes & 4,118,571 popular votes

Taft-8 electoral votes & 3,486,720

Eugene V. Debs-no electoral votes & 900,672

Progressivism was the runaway winner

wilson the idealist in politics
Wilson: The Idealist in Politics

Wilson born in Virginia before the Civil War

1st President since Zachary Taylor to become President from the seceded states

Wilson sympathized with the Confederacy

Considered a “phraseocrat”

Would go to the people

Difficult to work with in private-academic background may have caused this

Black was black, wrong was wrong

a strict ideologue

wilson tackles the tariff
Wilson Tackles the Tariff

“The triple wall of privilege

the tariff, the banks, and the trusts

Called Congress in early 1913 to personally deliver his message on the tariff-State of the Union as we know today

Underwood Tariff-substantial reduction in rates

Income tax offset the revenue loss in tariffs-16th amendment

wilson battles the bankers
Wilson battles the Bankers

Still using the Civil War National Banking Act

Difficult to get money into cities other than NYC or Chicago

Road to Reform

1. Senator Aldrich’s special commission of 1908-gigantic bank with numerous branches

2. ArsenePujo-Democratic House member

3. Louis Brandeis Other People’s Money and How the Bankers Use It (1914)

Wilson wanted a decentralized bank in government hands

Federal Reserve Act-1913

12 regional reserve banks

Federal Reserve Board

Federal Reserve Notes issued by the Board

the president tames the trusts
The President Tames the Trusts

Federal Trade Commission Act of 1914

root out unfair business practices

unlawful competition, false advertising, mislabeling

Clayton Anti-Trust Act of 1914

expanded the Sherman Anti-Trust Act

outlawed price discrimination and interlocking directorates

exempted unions and agricultural organizations

wilsonian progressivism at high tide
Wilsonian Progressivism at High Tide

Federal Farm Loan Act of 1916-credit to farmers at low interest rates

Warehouse Act of 1916-loans on the security of staple crops

Roads and colleges

Workingmen’s Compensation Act of 1916

federal civil service employees during times of disability

Adamson Act-8hr day for railroad employees on trains in interstate commerce with OT

Louis Brandeis-1916, 1st person of Jewish descent on the U.S. Supreme Court

wilson on race
Wilson on Race

Accelerated segregation in federal bureaucracy

Kept Black leaders out of his office

Showed Birth of a Nation at the Whitehouse


Begin Reading 2nd ½ of Chapter 29 page 734-743

Prepare for ID check on Thursday