Unit #5 Concepts 6 & 7 Test Retake - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Unit #5 Concepts 6 & 7 Test Retake

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  1. Unit #5 Concepts 6 & 7 Test Retake • NO TALKING • MAY FIX ANY QUESTION • MUST ATTACH RETAKE ON TOP OF ORIGINAL • ONLY FIX QUESTIONS THAT WERE MARKED INCORRECT • YOU WILL HAVE 20-25 MINUTES

  2. US History Unit #6 – Contemporary America

  3. Unit #6 – Contemporary America • Unit Essential Questions – • How can a historian use varying artifacts and evidence to determine patterns of continuity or change in contemporary American history? • Concepts/Big Ideas • Information Age (Economics 2) • Changing American Demographics (History 2a) • Globalization (History 1)

  4. Unit #6 – Contemporary America • Key Learning – • Students will use effective research methods in order to analyze materials regarding the contemporary United States and will draw conclusions as to whether those materials indicate patters of continuity or change.

  5. Lesson #1 – 1980 US Hockey Team • Lesson Essential Question • America was in a crisis of confidence during the late 1970s and early 1980s. What events began to change America? How did these events impact the future of the country? • Vocabulary • Cold War Olympics • Shah Kidnapped • Ayatollah Hostages

  6. Confidence • What does the word above mean? Why is it an important part of life? • How does its meaning relate to the esteem of a country? • Be prepared to share with class.

  7. America 1979 • Inflation – 11.2% • Average Cost of House - $58,100 • Average Income per year - $17,500 • Average monthly rent - #280 • Gallon of Gas – 86 cents • Sony Walkman - $200

  8. America 1979 • 1976 – US Bi-centennial • What emotions or feelings would there be in the country during this year? • Jimmy Carter (July 16, 1979) – “Crisis of Confidence” Speech • What natural resource does America depend on more than any other country? • Oil?

  9. Oil Crisis • Why is oil such a commodity throughout the world? • Non-renewable resource • Where is most of the world’s oil from? • Middle East • OPEC – Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries • Cartel of all oil-producing countries

  10. Oil Crisis OPEC

  11. Oil Crisis

  12. Causes to Oil Crisis • OPEC – setting oil prices at high levels • Carter – creates Department of Energy • Asks Americans to sacrifice • Looks to different renewable energy resources • Coal, solar • Iranian Revolution • Workers go on strike • Shah removed; Ayatollah became ruler

  13. 1979 – A Year in Turmoil • March 1979 – Three Mile Island • November 1979 – Iranian students invade US Embassy; take 52 Americans hostage • December 1979 – Soviet Union invades Afghanistan • January 1980 – Carter announces US will boycott 1980 Summer Olympics

  14. Homework #1 • Read – 1980 US Hockey Team

  15. How can the US recover from the Crisis of Confidence?

  16. 1980 – Lake Placid, NY • Winter Olympics & US Hockey Team • Last gold in Hockey 1960 • Dominated by Soviet Union • Outside shot to medal

  17. Class Work • Documentary – 1980 US Hockey • Answer all questions • Due at end of movie • Miracle • Answer all questions • Due at end of movie

  18. Checking for Understanding • How will the events of 1979 and early 1980 impact the future of the country?

  19. Homework #2 • Read - The Reagan Revolution, The Gipper, Reaganomics, The Celebration of Wealth, The Reagan Doctrine, A Remarkable Ideological Turnaround, The Reagan Revolution in Perspective

  20. Lesson #2 – Ronald Reagan & 1980s • Lesson Essential Question – How did economic policy begin to change during the 1980s under the leadership of President Reagan? Were his policies beneficial to the country? The world? • Vocabulary New Right new federalism Supply-side economics

  21. Opener • Define conservative • What does it mean in terms of style? Behavior? Values? • What might the word have to do with politics in the US during the 1980s?

  22. 1980s Conservative Revolution • New Right • Supported by middle class • Smaller government • Cut taxes • Rid regulations that limited economic competition • Led by Ronald Reagan • “Government is not the solution to our problem. Government is the problem.”

  23. Class Work • DVD – President Reagan • Answer all questions

  24. 1980s Conservative Revolution • 3 Domestic Issues - • Revive economy • Cut back on social welfare programs • Restore traditional Christian values • Reagan – promote economic recovery • Reform tax policy • Minimize government • Move programs to state level

  25. 1980s Conservative Revolution • “Reaganomics” – based on theory of supply-side economics • Necessary to increase people’s purchasing power to improve the economy • GIVE BUSINESSES AND INVESTORS MORE MONEY • What 1920s policy does this sound like? • TRICKLE DOWN THEORY (HERBERT HOOVER)

  26. 1980s Conservative Revolution • Feb 1981 – Reagan tax cuts • October 1981 – 5% • 1982 & 1983 – 10% • ONLY BENEFITED WEALTHY • 1986 – Congressional tax cut • Closed loopholes & expanded tax base • Benefited rich – cut maximum tax rate from 70% to 28%

  27. 1980s Conservative Revolution • New Federalism • Cut federal funding for programs • Programs now run by state and local governments • Failed – recession early in Presidency • States and Cities were bankrupt • Could not afford to pay for former federal programs

  28. 1980s Conservative Revolution • George H W Bush – • 1980 – called Reagan’s economic policies • “voodoo economics” • 1988 – Ran for President • “READ MY LIPS. NO NEW TAXES.” • Did not keep promise because of deficit • Cut back on social programs • Extending benefits for unemployed workers

  29. Class Work • DVD – George H W Bush • Answer all questions

  30. US Internationalism • Reagan – “Star Wars” • Missile defense system ($30 billion) • 1989 – Ending of Cold War • Conflicts arose • Lebanon • Persian Gulf War

  31. Class Work • DVD – The Persian Gulf War • Answer all questions

  32. Homework #3 • Read - The Bush Presidency, The Collapse of Communism, The Clinton Presidency

  33. Checking for Understanding • Who benefited from Reagonomics? Why were events like this able to occur in the country?

  34. Lesson #3 – Clinton & 1990s • Lesson Essential Question – Why were Americans in need of a change in the 1990s? How did America grow and prosper during this decade? • Vocabulary Apartheid NAFTA Genocide sanctions

  35. Opener • Imagine that you are preparing to vote in the 1992 presidential election. Conservative Republicans have controlled the White House for 12 years. Based upon the issues at the time, what might you be looking for in a new President? • Be prepared to share with class.

  36. 1992 Election • George H W Bush – 2nd Term • Ross Perot – Independent • Bill Clinton – Democrat • “Slick Willie” • “Comeback Kid” • Election fought on TV • Perot and Bush – Larry King Live • Clinton – Arsenio Hall

  37. Class Work • DVD – Bill Clinton • Answer all questions

  38. Economic Initiatives • 1991 – Recession & increasing deficit • Clinton – “Grow the economy” • Budget cuts, tax increases • Taxes – mostly on rich • Gas tax – 4.3 cents per gallon • Balanced budget - 1998, 1999, 2000 • Left office with $263 billion surplus

  39. What allowed for the economic turnaround of the 1990s?

  40. US Internationalism in 1990s • Yugoslavia – • Different ethnic groups fighting for control • Slobodan Milosevic – keep Serbians in power • 1991 – Serbs, Croats and Muslims fighting

  41. Yugoslavia • Muslims and Croatian – secede • Fighting in Bosnia-Herzegovina • Serbs resisted • Vicious “ethnic cleansing” • Eliminate Croatian and Muslims

  42. Class Work • DVD – Escape from Bosnia: The Scott O’Grady Story • Answer all questions

  43. Homework #4 • Entering a New Century, The Disputed Election of 2000, The Presidency of George W Bush, September 11, 2001

  44. Checking for Understanding • How was America in the 1990s different from the America of the 1980s? Cite specific examples.

  45. Lesson #4 – New Millennium • Lesson Essential Question – How will this new century bring about a change in America? Will the prosperity of the 1990s continue or fade away? • Vocabulary Recession Terrorism Al Queda

  46. Opener

  47. 2000 Election • George W. Bush vs. Al Gore

  48. Class Work • DVD – George H W Bush • Answer all Questions

  49. The Day America Changed • September 11, 2001