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EMI/EMC Requirements for Part 23/25 Airplanes Jean Cartier Avionics Workshop TCCA Aircraft Certification November 27 PowerPoint Presentation
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EMI/EMC Requirements for Part 23/25 Airplanes Jean Cartier Avionics Workshop TCCA Aircraft Certification November 27, 2003. AEA 03-03 Item. EMI/EMC Testing of Avionics Modifications. Statement of Issue.

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slide1
EMI/EMC Requirements

for

Part 23/25 Airplanes

Jean Cartier

Avionics Workshop

TCCA Aircraft Certification

November 27, 2003

aea 03 03 item
AEA 03-03 Item

EMI/EMC Testing

of

Avionics Modifications

statement of issue
Statement of Issue
  • AEA recommends TCCA to provide guidance material to ensure EMI/EMC testing of avionics installations are conducted in a manner appropriate to the type and criticality of equipment being installed and its potential effects on the aircraft
aea issues
AEA Issues
  • Level of EMC Testing for Non-required Equipment Installations
  • DO-160D Section 20/21 Test Category/Data for Criticality of Equipment and Functions
  • Compliance to HIRF Certification Standards
  • Requirements for EMC Test Plans
  • Acceptability of Equipment Test Data VS Installation Test Data
23 1431 b electronic equipment
§ 23.1431(b)Electronic Equipment

(b) Radio and electronic equipment, controls, and wiring must be installed so that operation of any unit or system of units will not adversely affect the simultaneous operation of any other radio or electronic unit, or system of units, required by this chapter.

  • §23.1431(b) parallels the requirement of §23.1309(a)
  • The intent of § 23.1431(b) is exactly the same as §25.1431(c) Issued 11/03/64 & CAR 4b.650, 31/12/53
level of emc testing for nre installations
Level of EMC Testing for NRE Installations
  • General guidelines for EMC are provided in:AC 25-10 “Guidance for Installation of Miscellaneous, Non-required Electrical Equipment”
  • MIL-STD 464 “Electromagnetic Environmental Effects Requirements for Systems”
  • AC 43.13-1B “Guidance for Installation of Miscellaneous, Non-required Electrical Equipment” Chapter 11, Paragraphs 106/107
level of emc testing for nre installations cont d
Level of EMC Testing forNRE Installations (Cont’d)
  • The following factors should be addressed as part of the EMC requirements:
    • Verify by inspection that the installed equipment/system conforms to the specified installation drawings
    • Development of the source/victim operational check matrix should consider potential EMI conditions between transmission and harmonic frequencies of required equipment such as radios and navigation systems, Etc…
    • All reasonable combinations of control settings and operating modes should be assessed
    • Communications and navigation equipment should be operated on low, mid-band, and high frequencies
level of emc testing for nre installations cont d1
Level of EMC Testing forNRE Installations (Cont’d)
  • The following factors should be addressed as part of the EMC requirements (Cont’d):
    • All electrically operated equipment and systems must be fully functional
    • In-Flight EMC testing should be assessed to validate flight operated functions which cannot be assessed on-ground
    • On-Ground EMC testing should be conducted with the equipment powered by the airplanes’s electrical generating system
level of emc testing for nre installations cont d2
Level of EMC Testing forNRE Installations (Cont’d)
  • The following factors identify installation design considerations which may directly contribute to the quality of EMC between non-required and required A/C systems:
    • Equipment location and installation

Harness routing

Shielding integrity

Wiring segregation

Potential ground loops

Inter-channel communication interference

Antenna Radiation

level of emc testing for nre installations cont d3
Level of EMC Testing forNRE Installations (Cont’d)
  • The source/victim testing level for non-required equipment is the same as for required equipment.However, our concern is much less for the functionality of non-required equipment
do 160d section 20 test category data for criticality of equipment and functions
DO-160D Section 20 Test Category/Data for Criticality of Equipment and Functions

RF Susceptibility (Radiated & Conducted)

  • The purpose of section 20 is to determine that the equipment functions will not be adversely affected when the equipment and its interconnecting wiring are exposed to specified HIRF levels
  • The declared equipment test category level should comply with the HIRF’s Special Condition (SC) requirements
  • Applicable to systems which perform critical functions
do 160d section 21 test category data for criticality of equipment and functions
DO-160D Section 21 Test Category/Data for Criticality of Equipment and Functions

Emission of RF Energy (Radiated & Conducted)

  • The purpose of section 21 is to determine that the equipment does not emit undesired RF noise in excess of the specified test category level.
  • DO-160D section 21 provides guidance for selecting appropriate category levels
  • The test category levels are declared by the equipment manufacturer
do 160d section 21 test category data for criticality of equipment and functions cont d
DO-160D Section 21 Test Category/Data for Criticality of Equipment and Functions(Cont’d)
  • DO-160 provides guidance to assist the manufacture in selecting the appropriate test category. However, it is the responsibility of the installer to resolve any incompatibilities between the new installation and previously installed equipment
compliance to hirf certification standards
Compliance to HIRF Certification Standards
  • The following are applicable guidance/advisory material:
    • FAA Notice N8110.71 “Guidance for the Certification of Aircraft Operating in HIRF Environments” 4/2/98
    • AC/AMJ 20-1317 “The Certification of Aircraft Electrical and Electronic Systems for Operation in the HIRF Environment” – “Final Draft” March 1999
    • Users Guide for AC/AMJ 20-1317 “The Certification of Aircraft Electrical and Electronic Systems”
    • SAE ARP5583 “Guide to Certification of Aircraft in a HIRF Environment” January 2003
    • DO-160D Section 20 “RF Susceptibility (Radiated and Conducted)

14/12/00 Change No. 1

compliance to hirf certification standards cont d
Compliance to HIRF Certification Standards(Cont’d)
  • The requirement for certification to HIRF is addressed by a Special Condition (SC), and is applicable to systems which perform critical (Level A) functions
  • Compliance to the HIRF SC requires that the applicant submit the following:
    • Compliance Plan outlining the method of compliance to HIRF
    • Aircraft Hazard/Safety Analysis (FHA) and a HIRF/Lightning Criticality Assessment to substantiate the systems/equipment criticality levels and test data
compliance to hirf certification standards cont d1
Compliance to HIRF Certification Standards(Cont’d)
  • The FAA/TCCA HIRF SC requirements are applicable only to systems which perform critical functions (Level A)
  • The JAA HIRF SC requirements are applicable to systems which performs critical and essential functions (Levels A,B,C)
compliance to hirf certification standards cont d2
Compliance to HIRF Certification Standards (Cont’d)
  • Also applicable to the HIRF SC is the requirement to provide Instructions for Continued Airworthiness (ICAW) in accordance with the requirement of §23/25.1529.
  • The ICAW should include all necessary maintenance actions to assure that the continued integrity of structural shielding, wire shields, connectors, and equipment protection components are maintained
need for emc test plans
Need for EMC Test Plans
  • An EMC test plan is required to document:
    • The source/victim functional test matrix(Evaluation of all potential system victims must be assessed)
    • The equipment/system installation conformity(A/C equipment/system configuration must be representative; model and part number of the installed equipment should be identified)
    • The Pass/Fail criteria (as applicable)
    • All reasonable combinations of control settings and operating modes (All foreseeable EMC worst case conditions should be considered)
need for emc test plans cont d
Need for EMC Test Plans (Cont’d)
  • An EMC test plan is required to document: (Cont’d)
    • Communication and navigation equipment operating frequencies
    • On-ground and In-flight test configurations
  • The test plan should provide adequate detail to assure repeatability
acceptability of equipment test data vs installation test data
Acceptability of Equipment Test Data VS Installation Test Data
  • DO-160 Section 20 equipment test data would be acceptable providing that the test category levels comply with the HIRF SC requirements (Category W; 100V/M - 150mA)
  • DO-160 Section 21 equipment test data would not be sufficient(section 21 qualification test data provides some degree of confidence to the installer that the equipment will be compatible with installed systems) However, EMC A/C installation test data would be required to demonstrate compliance to §23/25.1431
conclusion
Conclusion

All new installations must address the requirements of §23.1431(b)/§25.1431(c)

Recommended guidance material is provided in AC 25-10, MIL-STD 464, AC 43.13-1B, and the HIRF users guide

TCCA intends to address EMI/EMC concerns at the internal TCCA workshop