Limitation of Language in Samuel Beckett's Happy Days . 9843009 Naphia. Samuel Beckett (1906~1989). Happy Days (1961) Absurd: "out of harmony with reason or propriety, incongruous, unreasonable, illogical" (Martin Esslin,2001)
Happy Days (1961)
Absurd: "out of harmony with reason or propriety, incongruous, unreasonable, illogical" (Martin Esslin,2001)
=> rejects language as an instrument for expressing meanings in its deepest levels
Critique of Language
one of the first works:
"fallibility of languageas a medium for the discovery and communication of metaphysical truths"
Winnie - immobile, stuck in the mound
- non-stop talking
Willy - most of the time invisible
- Winnie's attempted interlocutor
Winnie: 'I say I used to think that I would learn to talk alone. [Pause.] By that I mean to myself, the wilderness. [Smile.] But no. [Smile broader.] No no. [Smile off.] Ergo you are there. [Pause.]'(Beckett, 1986:160)
Winnie: 'Something says, Stop talking now, Winnie, for a minute, don't squander all your words for the day...' (Beckett, 1986:155)
Instrument of communication?
language is 'all one can do'
Treated as a Tool for survival to pass her days
complementary "ego" and "you" (interlocutor)