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The Slave Trade - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

hyatt-higgins
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The Slave Trade

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  1. The Slave Trade

  2. The Atlantic Slave Trade When? • 1450 - Spanish & Portuguese start slaving in Africa • 1865 - still smuggling slaves until the end of the civil war (technically illegal in 1808)

  3. The Atlantic Slave Trade Why? (3 reasons combined) • Labor shortage (not enough workers) • Ethnocentrism –(feelings of superiority) • Greed

  4. The Atlantic Slave Trade • Where to? • Where from? 5% 60% 65% 30% 35% 5%

  5. Number of people enslaved • 30 million taken from their homes • 10 million die during capture phase • 10 million die during middle passage • 10 million survive to make it over the ocean

  6. Phases of the Slave Trade • Capture: • Most captured 50-100 miles inland • Tribes often did not have a choice in helping capture neighbors “divide and conquer”

  7. Phases of the Slave Trade • West African expectations about slavery: • Slaves were not slaves for life • A slave’s child would not be a slave

  8. Phases of the Slave Trade • Capture: Cape Coast Castle, Gold Coast, 1727 Christiansborg Castle, Gold Coast, ca. 1750

  9. Phases of the Slave Trade • 2. The Middle Passage • Journey over the Atlantic Ocean • 400-500 people in a boat with little air & much disease

  10. Phases of the Slave Trade • 2. The Middle Passage - Tight Pack • Higher mortality, higher profits

  11. Phases of the Slave Trade • 2. The Middle Passage - Loose pack • Lower mortality, lower profits

  12. Phases of the Slave Trade • 3. “Seasoning” - • Brutal work camps, 4-5 months in Caribbean • Meant to train people to be slaves

  13. Thinking Question: • (Don’t write down – just think!) • Given how many people died during the “Capture phase” or on the “Middle passage,” what do you think went on in the minds of the slave catchers and slave traders?

  14. Triangle Trade North America Molasses Rum, weapons The Caribbean Africa Slaves

  15. Growth of Slavery • Why Africans? • Americas are desperate for labor • Harder for Africans to run away than Native Americans • African strengths - agricultural practices, resistance to diseases

  16. Growth of Slavery • How did African slaves fight back? • Open revolt (rare) • Work slowdowns • Breaking Tools • Poisoning food

  17. Thinking Question: • (Don’t write down – just think!) • While many slaves resisted, not all of them did. What did they have to lose?

  18. Growth of Slavery • How much did it grow? • 1800 - 1 million in slavery • 1860 - 4 million (1/3 of Southern population)

  19. Growth of Slavery • Why? Cotton Gin • Invented 1793 - made slavery VERY productive • 100x faster than by hand • More efficient = more $ (so need more slaves)