FOCUS and AFFIXES. www.seasite.niu.edu/tagalog Tagalog Grammar - VERBAL FOCUS. Actor Focus Verbal affixes. Indicate that the focus (actor) of the sentence is doing the action of the verb The -UM- Verb The MAG- Verb The MA- Verb. The –UM Verbs.
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Tagalog Grammar - VERBAL FOCUS
This verb is formed by attaching the infix -UM- to the verb root. The -UM- affix always comes right before the first vowel of the root word. (samples are in the past tense/perfective aspect)
Designates actor’s movement from one place to another
Does not occur with roots/base words beginning with m or w
These verbs are formed by attaching the prefix MAG- to the verb root. Because MAG- is a prefix, it is always attached to the front of the word.
Magbigay (bigay) – to give
Magluto (luto) – to cook
Maglaro (laro) – to play
Maghanda (handa) – to prepare
Used in verbalization of borrowed words
These affixes indicate that the focus of the sentence is the object (receiver of the action).
*** in suffixation o changes to u
*** han is used if final letter of the root is a vowel a