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Measuring Development. Created by 2012 Comp. Gov’t Students. GDP. 1.A calculation of the change in the market value of goods, services  and  structures produced in a Country in a given year. 

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measuring development

Measuring Development

Created by 2012 Comp. Gov’t Students

slide2
GDP

1.A calculation of the change in the market value of goods, services and structures produced in a Country in a given year. 

2.It's a fairly accurate measurement of a country's economy. It includes a lot of variables such as, exports, imports, government spending, 

consumption, and investment.

3.It doesn't measure the standard of living and personal income. 

4. US- high (#1). In 2010, the GDP of the US was $14,601,400,000,000.    Uganda-medium (#107). In 2010, the GDP of Uganda was $17,015,000.    Tuvalu-low(#211). In 2010, the GDP of Tuvalu was $31,000,000

slide3
GNP

1. It measures the market value of all products and services 

produced in one year by labor and property, supplied by the 

residents of the country.2. Was the primary measure of economic activity before 19913. Failed to provide an easy comparison of other measures   All other countries already adopted GDP4. High: USA ($15,097,083)    Medium: Canada ($1,570,000)    Low: Mozambique ($80)

slide4
GNI

1. measures the total economic output. 

2. you can find the GNI per capita which is total economic output divided by total population.  this is the average economic output per person and is important in finding a standard of living across a country. 

3. it is in terms of international currency exchange rates which isn't specific to how much bang for your buck you can get in differing countries. 

4. GNI high U.S. 15 trillion, medium Uganda 17.5 billion, low Samoa 587 million, GNI per capita Monaco 183,150, medium Serbia 5,680 low Ethiopia 400

slide5
PPP

1) The PPP measures the relative values of currencies, adjusts exchange rates to be equivalent to the countries purchasing power.

2) The strength of the PPP is that it takes into account the costs of living in a country by figuring what the purchasing price is of goods in comparison to other countries. Also, it's an appropriate currency convertor to compare the GDP and its components across countries.

3) The weakness of the PPP is that the cost of living in different countries are always changing and so are the exchange rates. 

4) High: Qatar-$88,919 Medium: Maldives-$8,932 Low: Congo-$375All in terms of GDP at PPP per capita.(International Dollar)

slide6
HDI
  • A measurement of a country's average life expectancy.
  • Strength: makes for a nice, strong correlation between GDP and life expectancy (r^2=.92).
  • Weakness: doesn't account for ecological circumstances, considered unfair, inaccurate.
  • Strong country: freaking Norway .943Middle country: China .687Lower country: The Democratic Republic of the Congo .
gini coefficient
Gini Coefficient

1. The Gini coefficient measures the inequality among values of a frequency distribution (for example levels of income). 2. It compares nations wealth distribution and range to others3. It doesn't show how rich or how poor, as well as who the money is going to (race, religion, ethnic group)4. (Sweden <0.25, United States 0.45-0.49, South Africa <0.60)

slide8
HPI

1) HPI measures the poverty in countries.2) By measuring knowledge, survival, and decent standard of living, HPI reflects socio-economic diferences. 3) Some data for the indicators is not always available in all countries.4)lowest: 6.8middle: 11highest: 29.8(high numbers are ʺbadʺ and low numbers reflect a low level of poverty)