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Yellow Fever. By, Maya and Alanna Salvatore. What is Yellow Fever…. Yellow fever is caused by a virus carried by mosquitoes. You can catch this disease if you are bitten by a mosquito infected with this virus Disease organisms cause fever during infection

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yellow fever

Yellow Fever

By,

Maya and Alanna Salvatore

what is yellow fever
What is Yellow Fever…

Yellow fever is caused by a virus carried by mosquitoes. You can catch this disease if you are bitten by a mosquito infected with this virus

  • Disease organisms cause fever during infection
  • Large assortment of viral fever disease found in animals and humans
  • Vital fever- spread by agent that transfer the virus from on host to another
  • Viral infection:
    • Microorganisms called viruses
    • Particles replicate within another organism
    • No cell structure
    • Don’t posses most characteristics of being alive
symptoms for yellow fever
Symptoms for Yellow Fever…
  • You get infected within a week of the mosquito bite
  • Some symptoms include…
    • Headache
    • Muscle pain
    • Backache
    • Weakness
    • Nausea
    • Vomiting
    • Sudden fever
  • some people experience a short period when symptoms disappear
  • Then 2nd phase of illness can come – the toxic phase
    • High fever
    • Vomiting
    • Jaundice
    • Bleeding
    • Coma
treatments for yellow fever
Treatments for Yellow Fever…
  • No exact cure for Yellow fever
  • Therapies
  • Herbal remedies
  • Spiritual rituals to get rid of the disease
  • Bed rest, water, and food help
  • A willow bark (aspirin) and quinine reduce fever
  • Helpful ways that won’t positively dispose of:
    • Silver filtrate
    • Lead
    • Acetate
    • Iron
    • Jamaicanrum
    • Antipyrine
    • Tincture aconiti
    • Syrup aurant
    • Sulfur
    • Ergot
    • Rhubarb juice
how yellow fever is spread
How Yellow Fever is spread…
  • The yellow fever virus is not contagious
  • It is carried by infected mosquitoes which bite humans or monkeys, which get infected
  • The mosquitoes can also pass the virus via infected eggs
  • There are 3 main transition cycles
    • Jungle
    • Intermediate
    • Urban
who is likely to get yellow fever
Who is likely to get Yellow Fever…
  • Monkeys and humans mainly get infected
  • Since the virus is transmitted by mosquitoes, the virus mostly thrives were mosquiots thrive
    • Tropical places
    • Wet, humid, hot places
  • South America and parts of Africa mainly
  • people of all ages and genders are susceptible to the virus

Map 2.1 Countries at risk of yellow fever and countries that have reported at least one outbreak of yellow fever, 1985-1999

history of yellow fever
History of Yellow Fever…
  • Originated in Africa
  • It was brought to America through slave trade in ships
  • Outbreaks have occurred throughout history
  • Outbreaks in America
    • The first outbreak was on the Yucatan peninsula during 17th century
    • Also in the 18th century New England and north American port cities in the 18th century
      • 1/10 of philidelphiaspolulation was lost in 1793 yellow fever epidemic
    • Last was New Orleans in 1905
current event on yellow fever
Current event on Yellow Fever…
  • Yellow fever has killed 164 people over the last three months in Sudan's Darfur
  • There have been 677 suspected case
  • 3 month period in 2012- September - December
  • almost half the yellow fever cases were in people between the ages of 15 and 30, it said, and about one/fourth were children aged five to 15.
  • This impacted the public because many people were later vaccinated and during the outbreak hospitals were full
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Works Cited

Doerr, Steven, MD. "Yellow Fever Vaccine, History, Symptoms, Treatment and Causes by MedicineNet.com." MedicineNet. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Feb. 2013.

Shmaefsky, Brian. Yellow Fever. New York, NY: Chelsea House, 2010. Print.

Staff, Mayo Clinic. "Yellow Fever." Mayo Clinic. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 27 Aug. 2011. Web. 13 Feb. 2013. <http://www.mayoclinic.com/ health/yellow-fever/DS01011/DSECTION=symptoms>.

"WHO Report on Global Surveillance of Epidemic-prone Infectious Diseases - Yellow Fever." World Health Organization. WHO, n.d. Web. 13 Feb. 2013. <http:// www.who.int/csr/resources/publications/yellowfev/CSR_ISR_2000_1/en/>.

"Yellow Fever." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 13 Dec. 2011. Web. 13 Feb. 2013. <http://www.cdc.gov/ yellowfever/>.

"Yellow Fever Outbreak Kills 164 in Sudan's Darfur." Vision. Vision, 3 Dec. 2012. Web. 13 Feb. 2013.

"Yellow Fever." World Book Encyclopedia. 2011 ed. Vol. 21. Chicago: Scott Fetzer, 2011. Print.