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WHY WE ARE WHAT WE ARE. Read the title of the text and guess the main topic. What do you expect to read about in this text? What are the most remarkable personal characteristics of you? What adjectives would you use to describe yourself?

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Presentation Transcript
read the title of the text and guess the main topic
Read the title of the text and guess the main topic.
  • What do you expect to read about in this text?
  • What are the most remarkable personal characteristics of you?
  • What adjectives would you use to describe yourself?
  • If you were asked to classify people in terms of their personality, how would you categorize them?
two major personality dimensions
Two Major Personality Dimensions

1- being introverted or extraverted

(reserved or outgoing)

2- being stable or unstable

(fixed or changeable)

These can also be called as supertraits.

traits characteristics
Traits (Characteristics)
  • moody: temperamental
  • rigid: inflexible, stiff, strict
  • sober: serious, controlled, restrained
  • sociable: outgoing
  • reserved: silent, quiet, unsociable
  • touchy: sensitive, easily offended
  • restless: moving about, nervous
  • impulsive: who acts without thought
  • even-tempered: easygoing, unruffled
  • responsive: quick to react, active
i n eysenck s model there are two levels of behaviors
In Eysenck’s model there are two levels of behaviors:
  • specific response level
  • habitual response level
  • Can you find the examples for each in the text?
physiological differences of extraverts and introverts
Physiological differences of extraverts and introverts
  • cerebral cortex arousal: related with language, memory and thinking
  • Extraverts  have a lower level of cortical arousal
  • Introverts  have an above-optimal cortical arousal
  • How do they behave differently regarding this physiological makeup?
target vocabulary
Target Vocabulary
  • hierarchy (n) arrangement of people in a group in order of rank, importance
  • hierarchical (adj) ranked, graded, ordered
  • hierarchically (adv)
  • a hierarchical structure, organisation
dimension n
dimension (n)

the length, height, width, depth of something

  • We'll need to know the exact dimensions of the room.
impulsive adj
impulsive (adj)
  • motivated by emotion,

rather than thought

uninhibited adj
uninhibited (adj)

free and easy,

relaxed,

unrestrained

an uninhibited laughter

retiring adj
retiring (adj)
  • one who doesn’t want to be with other people

As a child, Elizabeth was very shy and retiring.

introspective adj
introspective (adj)
  • Inward-looking, intraverted, contemplative,

self-examining

  • He is very introspective and

shy.

stimulation n
stimulation (n)

encouragingsomeone by making them excited about and interested in something

Children need variety and stimulation.

aversive adj
aversive (adj)

causing avoidance of a thing,

sth that you dislike

In psychology, aversiveconditioningis the use of something unpleasant, or a punishment, to stop an unwanted behavior.

ample adj
ample (adj)
  • more than necessary, plentiful
subtle adj
subtle (adj)
  • not easy to notice
  • The pictures are similar, but there are subtledifferences between them.
  • The warning signs of the disease are so subtle that they are often ignored.
slide18
in-
  • inoffensive indecisive
  • inflexible inelegant
  • indiscreet injudicious
  • infallible
  • inefficient
  • insincere
  • inconsistent
  • incorruptable
slide19
ir-
  • irreproachable
  • irrational
  • irresponsible
slide20
im-
  • impractical
  • impatient
  • impersonal
slide21
un-
  • unenlightened
  • unbending
  • unpretentious