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STRESS & COPING. Stress and Coping. Unpleasant state of arousal coping ability < problems of life. Top 5 Stressors for College Students. Concern over meeting high standards Being lonley Fear of wasting time Troubling thoughts about the future Not getting enough sleep.

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stress and coping
Stress and Coping
  • Unpleasant state of arousal
  • coping ability<problems of life
slide3

Top 5 Stressors for College Students

  • Concern over meeting high standards
  • Being lonley
  • Fear of wasting time
  • Troubling thoughts about the future
  • Not getting enough sleep
types of stressors
Types of Stressors
  • Major life events
  • Everyday hassles
stress and coping5
Stress and Coping
  • Potential Stressor:
  • Something new
  • Something different
stress and coping model lazarus folkman 1984
Stress and Coping ModelLazarus & Folkman (1984)
  • Stage 1: Primary Appraisal
  • Is potential stressor
  • a threat or challenge?

No

Feel no stress

Yes

Go to Stage 2

CP

stress and coping model lazarus folkman 19847
Stress and Coping ModelLazarus & Folkman (1984)
  • Stage 2: Secondary Appraisal
  • Can I cope with the stressor?

No

Feel Stress

Yes

Feel No Stress

CP

what makes an event stressful
What Makes an Event Stressful?
  • Positive vs. Negative
  • Negative events more stressful
  • Lower self-esteem
  • Create more problems than they solve
what makes an event stressful9
What Makes an Event Stressful?
  • Negative vs. positive
  • Predictable vs. unpredictable
  • Unpredictable events more stressful
what makes an event stressful10
What Makes an Event Stressful?
  • Negative vs. positive
  • Predictable vs. unpredictable
  • Timing
  • Content
what makes an event stressful11
What Makes an Event Stressful?
  • Negative vs. positive
  • Predictable vs. unpredictable
  • Controllable vs. uncontrollable
  • Uncontrollable events more stressful
yoked shock study staub et al 1971
Yoked Shock StudyStaub et al., (1971)
  • Participant 1 Participant 2

In control

Yoked

Better able

to tolerate shock

CP

perceived control shock study geer et al 1970
Perceived Control Shock Study Geer et al., (1970)
  • Phase 2
  • Perceived Control No Control

Lower Skin Conductance

CP

ways of coping
Ways of Coping
  • Psychological
  • Reframe event
ways of coping16
Ways of Coping
  • Psychological
  • Social support
  • Get help

Instrumental Support: Providing labor, materials, or a direct service to another (e.g., lending $, giving somebody a ride).

Informational Support: Providing information that helps another act and make decisions (e.g., giving another person directions, medical information, etc.).

Appraisal Support: Providing useful, accurate feedback about another’s performance/behavior (e.g., feedback from a coach).

Emotional Support: Reassuring another, providing comfort, expressing concern love (e.g., a shoulder to lean on).

ways of coping17
Ways of Coping
  • Psychological
  • Social support
  • Biological
  • Eat right
  • Sleep right
  • Exercise
  • Meditate
biological coping study brown 1991
Biological Coping Study(Brown, 1991)

High Stress

Low Stress

Fit

Fit

Not Fit

Not Fit

Few

Illnesses

Few

Illnesses

Few

Illnesses

Many

Illnesses