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Marking Ammunition Technology . 50 th Annual Joint Services Small Arms Systems 12 May 2004. Presented By: Stew Gilman, Leon Manole, Erin Mc Carthy Army Research, Development and Engineering Center (ARDEC) Picatinny Arsenal, Picatinny, N.J.

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50 th annual joint services small arms systems 12 may 2004

Marking Ammunition

Technology

50th Annual Joint ServicesSmall Arms Systems12 May 2004

Presented By: Stew Gilman, Leon Manole, Erin Mc Carthy

Army Research, Development and Engineering Center (ARDEC)

Picatinny Arsenal, Picatinny, N.J.

marking ammunition technology
Marking Ammunition Technology
  • Marking Ammunition’s Battlefield Function
  • Development History
  • Marking Technologies, 40mm used for initial demonstrations (various stages):
    • IR and/or Visible Chemical Light
    • Heat
    • Strobe/Electronic Micro Marker (MEMs)
    • Non-Lethal
marking ammo battlefield function
Marking Ammo Battlefield Function
  • “Mission Need” To Mark Targets
  • Identifying Target Reduces Collateral Damage.
  • Ensures Smart Projectiles Find High Priority Targets
  • Improves Command and Control
  • Greater Firepower on Target
  • Reduces Need for Laser Designate

Soldier Can Mark Target and Leave

development history
Development History
  • FY 1997 ILIR Flameless Tracer/ Marker for Tank Ammo
  • FY 2001 Request from Science Advisor in SWA
  • FY 2001 Demo of IR/Visible Light Marker in 40mm
  • FY 2002-3 Demo Marker Technology to various ARDEC visitors, Homeland Defense, National Guard, Local Police
  • FY 2003-2004 Need Identified for Heat/ Strobe/ and non-lethal marking technologies for confidential customers
  • FY 2003 -2004, Conducted various 40mm marking technologies and showed technology to confidential customers (IR/Visible chem-light (XM1062), Heat (XM1065) and electronic and non-lethal
  • FY 2004 Teaming with Private industry for MEMs Marking Technology.
  • FY 2004 Private Industry Licensing ARDEC Marking Technology
xm1062

XM1062

40mm IR Marking Ammunition

slide6

XM1062, 40mm, IR/VISIBLE Marking Ammunition

  • DESCRIPTION:
  • 40mm Cartridge Fired from M203 Grenade Launcher.
  • Marking Payload Improves Command and Control, Coordination of Fires.
  • IR or Visible Marking Signature, IR visible with STANDARD I2 NODs.
  • Non-Toxic/Biodegradable Payload (no pyrotechnics).
  • Rapidly Developed at ARDEC for US SOCOM requirement/ managed by PM Soldier & PM MAS.
  • OPERATION:
  • Ampoules Containing Chemicals Break and Mix from Set Back and Spin Forces, Light
  • Emissions Begin.
  • Windshield Breaks on Target Impact Dispersing Chemicals.
  • Covers Approx. 2-4 ft2 on target .
slide7

XM1062, 40mm, IR/VISIBLE Marking Ammunition

WARFIGHTER BENEFITS:

  • IMPROVING COMMAND and CONTROL, Coordination of Fires
    • Assault/Support Teams, Improves Time to Target Acquisition
    • Helicopter Engagement for GREATER FIREPOWER on target
  • MARKING TARGETS/SIGNALING.
    • Buildings.
    • Rooms within buildings from outdoor positions.
    • Vehicles.
    • Identify Routes.
  • PROVIDES ½ hr of MARKING (thru Standard PVS NODs).

Duration can be increased to 2 hrs.

  • NO FLAME SOURCE to produce light. Can be used in areas that

may contain explosive gasses.

  • IR AVAILABLE for US Forces Gen III NODs ONLY.
slide8

XM1062, 40mm, IR/VISIBLE Marking Ammunition

Both Video Demonstrations viewed thru PVS-14 NODs

IR PAYLOAD on

TARGET 8FTx 8FT

Located at 75m

VISIBLE LIGHT PAYLOAD on Floor

Ceiling Impact at approx 100meters

Testing Conducted at Picatinny’s Armament Technology Facility

xm1062 comments
XM1062 COMMENTS
  • MAR 2003 Science Advisor,
    • I've shown the video to my USMC counterpart here and his question is how many can they get and how fast can they get them?
  • DEC 2003, Navy Advisor,
    • “grenadiers who shot the marking rounds were ecstatic about it “
heat marker xm1065

HEAT MARKER, XM1065

(40mm THERMAL Marker)

heat marker xm106511
HEAT MARKER, XM1065
  • Rapid Development Effort to Support USSOCOM
  • Several Unique Heat Producing Chemistries
    • Environmentally Friendly
    • Vary Temperature Output
    • Technology to Insulate Heat Mark from Target
  • Several Projectile configurations tested (ARDEC Development Continues)
    • Optimizing TID
    • Larger Mark on Target
    • Various Payload Weights
    • Various Chemical Mix for Various Needs
ardec development of electronic and mems marking technology
ARDEC Development of Electronic and MEMs Marking Technology
  • ARDEC Technology is Developed That Utilizes MEMs and Miniaturized
  • Electronic Micro Markers
  • Goal is to Mark Target With Stealth Technology That Can Be Delivered
  • in the Same Manner as Other Markers
  • Electronic Mark/Tracer Can be Turned On/Off as Needed by Soldiers or In-coming
  • Missiles or Smart Projectiles.
  • Marker Can Be Seen From One Mile or More in Most Weather Conditions.
  • Demonstration of Technology Planned in 11 Months.
non lethal marking technology
Non Lethal Marking Technology
  • ARDEC is Pursuing Non-Lethal Technology for All
  • 40mm Marking Payloads
  • Projectiles have been designed to meet non-lethal needs
  • out to 100+ meters
  • Goal is to mark Personnel and light vehicles
  • as per requirements
  • Demonstration of Technology Planned in 6 Months.
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