Unit 10. Words Can Give You Power. I. Warm-up activities. Discuss the following questions: 1. Why do we need to enlarge our vocabulary? 2. How do we enlarge our vocabulary?. II. Essay Structures. Part 1 (Para 1) Introduction: importance of vocabulary development
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Words Can Give You Power
Discuss the following questions:
Introduction: importance of vocabulary development
Development: power of vocabulary in one's economic, academic and social life
Development: suggestions for vocabulary improvement through reading
Conclusion: one's vocabulary has a great impact on one's life
adj. making a strong or vivid impression; striking or remarkable:
e.g. an impressive ceremony
an impressive Olympic Games
1) to affect strongly, often favorably:
I wrote down whatever impressed me during the journey.
I was impressed by the child's sincerity.
a scene that impressed itself on his memory
try to impress the value of money on the students. 试图让学生对钱的价值有个印象
impress a design on the hot wax
impress a mark on [upon] a surface
= impress a surface with a mark
盖印, 印记, 记号; 铭刻；印象, 痕迹, 特征
1. I got the impression (that) they'd just had an argument.
2. The police found an impression of a shoe in the mud.
3. the second impression of the second edition
4. He gave an impression of the minister, which made us all laugh.
5. What I said made practically no impression on him.
n. [C] a typical or noticeable quality 特点
e.g. We inherit from our parents many of our physical characteristics.
There are a number of distinguishing characteristics by which you can identify a Hollywood epic.
e.g. Hostility towards outsiders is characteristic of both human and non-human animals.
Sentimentality seems to be a characteristic feature of all the writers of that period.
He replied in characteristically robust style.
1) to be typical of… 是…的特性
e.g. This kind of behavior characterizes the criminal mind. 这种举止是罪犯的心理特征。
A bold use of colour characterizes the bedroom.
This election campaign has been characterized by violence.
e.g. She characterized him as lazy and selfish.
Both companies have characterized the relationship as friendly.
characterizationn. = description
e.g. Shakespeare’s ~ of Shylock
1. belonging equally to or shared equally by two or more; joint 共同的，共有的
common interests 共同利益
This useful feature is common to both these computers.
These characteristics are common to both animals.
the common occurrence 常发生的事
most common causes of heart disease
a common sailor 一位普通的水手
a cure for the common cold
a common-looking woman
a behavior that branded him as common.
have …in common
The oboe(双簧管) and the clarinet(单簧管) have got certain features in common.
He had very little in common with his sister.(= share little interests or experiences.)
1) to take hold of or seize firmly, esp. with the hands 抓牢，抓紧
e.g. Grasp the rope with both hands.
2) to succeed in understanding 理解，领会
e.g. grasp an argument /a person's meaning领会论点[某人的意思]
e.g. grasp an opportunity
grasp at sth. : reach for; try to take or hold 企图抓到；向…伸手
e.g. grasp at any opportunity
A man who grasps at too much may lose everything.
Consider the meanings of “grasp”:
1) I kept her hand in my grasp.
2) Victory in the election was within her grasp. 她在选举中稳操胜券。
3) Success is within our grasp.
4) This theory is beyond my grasp.
5) She seems to have a good grasp of the theory.
6) Germany was once in the grasp of Nazis.
graspable adj. 能理解的, 可以懂的
They predict rain for tomorrow.
It is hard to predict what will happen next.
e.g. Predictably, he was late.
His prediction proved to be correct.
He made a prediction about the winner of the football game.
He made a prediction that the sale of the company will increase next year.
Figure out the meanings of “determine” in the following sentences:
1) He determinedto tell the journalist what he knew about the accident.
2) His advice determined me to drink and smoke no more.
3) The court determined that he was guilty of murder.
5) The police are trying to determine the cause of the accident.
6) Demand determines production.
1)& 2) to (cause to) form a firm intention or decision (使)下决心; (使)作出决定
3) to end or decide, as by judicial action. 裁定
4)& 5) to establish or find out exactly, as after consideration, investigation, or calculation.
6) to be the cause of; regulate 限定，支配；规定，决定
He is a very determined and strong-willed person.
They are determined to continue working when they reach retirement age.
Sandra was determined to become a doctor and her persistence paid off.
e.g. They approached the task with determination and energy.
The choice of a foster home was left to the determination of the court.
The Chancellor emphasized his determination to promote openness and transparency in the Government's economic decision-making.
1) a sudden and powerful effect that sth. has on a situation, process, or person 影响,作用
e.g. They say they expect the meeting to have a marked impact on the future of the country.
When an executive comes into a new job, he wants to quickly make an impact.
on impact: at the moment of hitting 碰撞时
The plane is destroyed, a complete wreck: the pilot must have died on impact.
The cup hit the wall and broke on impact.
1) affect 冲击，对…有影响
e.g. Such schemes mean little unless they impact on people.
...the potential for women to impact the political process.
2) hit with great force (fml) 撞击
e.g. the sharp tinkle of metal impacting on stone
When a large object impacts the Earth, it makes a crater.
1) act or speak officially for someone 代表
e.g. The general secretary may represent the president at some official ceremonies.
The museum had several paintings representing the artist's early style.
2) be a picture or statue of; show 描绘, 表现
This painting represents a hunting scene.
A dove represents peace.
The bald eagle represents the United States.
Letters of the alphabet represents sounds.
4) be 是, 意味着, 相当于
This essay represents a considerable improvement on your recent work.
e.g. You should represent your complaints to the management. 向管理层陈述不满
represent …..as/ to be …
e.g. He represented himself as/to be a friend of the workers, but now we know the truth.
be representative of the people 代表人民
Are your opinion representative of those of other students?
遗嘱执行人, 法定代理人; 合法代表
n. 代表; 描绘，象征
e.g. a coded representation 代码
a symbolic representation
This painting is a representation of a storm at sea. 这幅画描绘的是海上的暴风雨。
They made representations (=complaints) to the management about the working conditions.