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Australia Relative and Absolute Location. Describe Australia’s location Define absolute and Relative location How might Australia's location shape its country?. Essential Question:. How does a country’s location shape life within its borders?. No Reservations. Part 1 Part 2 Part 3

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slide2

Describe Australia’s location

  • Define absolute and Relative location
  • How might Australia's location shape its country?
essential question
Essential Question:

How does a country’s location shape life within its borders?

no reservations
No Reservations
  • Part 1
  • Part 2
  • Part 3
  • Warning: mild language and may cause hunger.
absolute vs relative location
Absolute vs. Relative location
  • Absolute location: a locations exact position on earth using latitude and longitude.
    • Ex. Canberra 35 degrees S, 149 degrees E
  • Relative location: describes where a location is in relation to other places.
    • Affects a country’s history and way of life.
    • Located by South Pacific Islands but was a British colony.
the land down under
The Land “Down Under”
  • Australia is both a continent AND a country.
  • The majority of Australia is arid, or desert.
  • A biologist’s dream: 80% of plants and animals are unique to Australia thanks to the continental drift theory.
colonial australia
Colonial Australia
  • The first Australians were Aborigines.
    • They came to Australia over 40,000 years ago.
    • Believe that spirits roamed the earth before humans during a times called Dreamtime and land is sacred.
  • James Cook discovered Australia in 1770 and claimed it for Great Britain.
  • After the Revolutionary War ended (1783), Britain set up Australia as a prison colony.
    • Over 160,000 convicts were sent until 1868.
colonial australia1
Colonial Australia
  • Many convicts who were released from jail were given land to farm.
  • Free settlers arrived from Europe as well.
  • 1851 gold was discovered causing an influx of treasure hunters.
  • At least 750,000 Aborigines at time of colonization, but today there’s approximately only 400,000.
    • Possible reasons?
independence
Independence
  • Australia gained its independence in 1901, but its influences are still seen today:
    • Australian flag still has a union jack in the left hand corner.
    • Official language is English
    • More than half of Australians have British or Irish roots.
    • Approximately 10,000 Britons immigrate to Australia each year.
after independence
After Independence
  • Australia adopted a “white only” immigration policy to keep people of color from immigrating.
  • Any person wanting to immigrate had to pass a “dictation test”
    • An official read aloud a 50-word statement in a European language in which the newcomer had to write it down word-for-word in order to enter.
  • “White Australia” ended in the 1970s
  • Today about 90,000 people immigrate each year, almost ½ of which are from Asia or Africa.
trading partners
Trading Partners
  • A hundred years ago, over half of Australia’s exports went to Britain.
  • Now Australia’s biggest trading partners are Japan, South Korea, China, and Taiwan.
  • What could explain this?
seasons
Seasons
  • Australia is located in the southern hemisphere, causing a reversal of seasons.
    • The tilt of Earth’s axis causes the S. Hemisphere to receive more sunlight.
  • Summer lasts from December through March.
    • Good for tourists and fruit lovers.
a hole in the ozone
A Hole in the Ozone
  • Earth’s atmosphere is divided into layers:
    • The lowest layer is the air we breathe
    • The second layer begins six miles above earth and contains a gas called ozone.
  • Ozone protects living species from ultraviolet rays reaching earth and humans from sunburns, eye disease, and skin cancer.
  • In 1985, discovered an ozone hole over Antarctica which has moved north over Australia.
  • Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), found in hairspray, refrigerators, and air conditioners, destroys the ozone.
  • 2/3 of Australians could develop skin cancer.
slide16

Look at these images carefully.

• What interesting details do you see?

• What aspect of life is represented by these images?

• How might location play a role in shaping this aspect of life in Australia?