A quick overview of the developmental stages of adolescents AND LEARNED OPTIMISM - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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A quick overview of the developmental stages of adolescents AND LEARNED OPTIMISM

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  1. A quick overview of the developmental stages of adolescents AND LEARNED OPTIMISM January, 2009

  2. 10 – 24 year olds

  3. 3 phases of adolescence • Am I normal? • Who am I? • Where am I going?

  4. teenage brains • Gut reactions fully wired • Still under construction is the ability to • Discern • Handle ambiguous information • Plan • Organise • Control emotions • Coordinate conflicting signals

  5. We need to set limits and boundaries, especially when it comes to safety.

  6. ADOLESCENCE IS characterized BY: • A belief in one’s mortality • A desire to experiment • A need for peer approval • Relatively short term relationships

  7. The journey between childhood and young adulthood is marked by 4 key challenges: • Forming a positive identity • Establishing a set of good friends • Breaking the emotional bonds that bind them to their adult carers • Setting meaningful vocational goals

  8. Some things parents can do to help their daughter have a successful education

  9. Enriched Environment • 2. Learned Optimism

  10. WHAT CAN PARENTS DO? Enriched environment • Interpersonal interaction • Interdependent learning at home • Exercise • Value of education

  11. Developing resilience • Feel good self esteem • Optimistic thinking • Learning from failure • How the child thinks, especially when she has failed • Problem Solving

  12. Basis of optimism How we think about the causes of failure.

  13. Permanence Pervasiveness Personalisation

  14. Pessimistic language • ‘always’, ‘never’ • Thinks globally • General self blame Optimistic language • Sometimes, lately • Thinks specific/accurate • Realistic responsibility

  15. How to help develop resilience • Don’t solve every problem for the child • Don’t be overly critical of the child’s attempts to problem solve • Model a flexible problem solving strategy

  16. 5 steps to problem solving • Slow down • Perspective taking – put yourself in other’s shoes • Goal setting • Choosing a path or course of action. Compare pros and cons. • If it doesn’t work try another path