Obtaining and Laying Out Operating Facilities - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Obtaining and Laying Out Operating Facilities

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  1. 11 Chapter Obtaining and Laying Out Operating Facilities Functions Of Operating System Choosing The Right Location Planning Physical Facilities Role Of Telecommuting Using Standards To Improve Operations

  2. Elements Of Operating System • System For Changing • Form • Place • Time • Sequence For Inputs > Outputs • Skills, Tools, Machines For Change • Instructions/Goods Identification • Time Frame For Completion McGraw-Hill/Irwin © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. Operating System Inputs Processes Outputs

  4. Operating Systems

  5. Operations/Production “…converting inputs into outputs for customers.”

  6. Producing A Whopper

  7. John A. Rizzo/Getty Images Burger King Systems • Marketing • Production • Delivery

  8. Beginning Operations • Choose Right Location • Plan Facilities • Decide On Layout • Implement Plans

  9. Royalty-Free/CORBIS Types Of Locations • Retailer- Sells Goods To Consumer • Producer- Converts Large Volume Of Materials Into Products For Others To Sell • Service Company- Provides Service To Customer, Can Be Both Retailer & Producer

  10. Scenics of America/PhotoLink/Getty Images LocationFactors- General • Access To Work Force • Availability Of Supplies & Services • Availability Of Transportation • Taxes/Regulations • Availability Of Utilities

  11. Janis Christie/Getty Images Retailer LocationFactors- Specific • Trade Area • Population Trends • Purchasing Power • Trade Potential • Competition • Shopping Centers

  12. Producer LocationFactors- Specific • Market Location • Vendor Location • Labor Availability • Transportation • Utilities • Government/Taxes • Schools/Recreation

  13. Site Selection Rating Sheet

  14. Royalty-Free/CORBIS Types Of Stores • Convenience • Shopping • Specialty

  15. Royalty-Free/CORBIS Types Of Locations • Downtown Business District • Freestanding Stores • Shopping Centers • Designed To Draw Traffic • Anchor Stores

  16. Calculating Total Rent Source For Determining Average Cost Per Square Foot In Your City- http://www.inc.com/keyword/realestate

  17. Keith Brofsky/Getty Images Planning Physical Facilities • Determine Product • Identify Operations/Activities • Determine Space Needs • Decide On Best Layout

  18. Layout Example

  19. Layout • Type • Product • Process • General • Final • Implement

  20. Ryan McVay/Getty Images Issues AboutProduction Layout • Space For Movement • Utilities • Safety • Working Conditions • Cleanliness • Product Quality • Aesthetics

  21. Flexible Hours Save On Clothes Save On Dry-Cleaning Save On Parking Save Commute Time Avoid Office Politics Not Micro-Managed Time With Family More Productive Helping Environment Reasons To Telecommute Source: PageWise, http://idid.essortment.com/telecommutejob_rqzb.htm

  22. Javier Pierini/Getty Images Telecommuting Considerations • Access To Technology • Get Best Technology • Shipping Methods • Supplies Source • Year-Round Weather • Transportation • Contingency Plans • Telecommuting Aptitude Test- http://www.langhoff.com/test.html

  23. Ryan McVay/Getty Images Steps To Telecommuting • Determine Whether Telecommuting is Right For You • Develop A Plan • Talk To Manager • Get Needed Training/Equipment • Start Telecommuting Source: CNNMONEY, “Telecommuting: the pitch, Sept. 21, 1999, http://money.cnn.com/1999/09/21/life/q_telecommute/

  24. TRBfoto/Getty Images Improving Operations • State Problem • Collect/Record Information • Develop/Analyze Alternatives • Select/Install/Follow Up • Set/Use Performance Standards