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Small group discussion. EN311: Week 2 Aj . Erica. Goals of small group discussion. Balance in participation Members should build on others' suggestions All should try to improve their listening habits Rules of common courtesy should be observed What are “rules of common courtesy?”.

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small group discussion

Small group discussion

EN311: Week 2

Aj. Erica

goals of small group discussion
Goals of small group discussion
  • Balance in participation
  • Members should build on others' suggestions
  • All should try to improve their listening habits
  • Rules of common courtesy should be observed
  • What are “rules of common courtesy?”
roles and leadership
Roles and leadership
  • Discussion leader
  • Recorder
  • Observer
  • Participant
    • First taken by volunteers, then switched
    • Each member will try each role
discussion leader
Discussion leader
  • Non-directive method: fade into the background when the group members are working well together without assistance
  • However, if members hesitate to participate, if one or more dominate the discussion, or if the group goes off-topic, the leader must stimulate participation, gently restrain "over participants," or remind the group to focus on the topic.
  • The discussion leader should not offer an opinion on questions about the topic. His/her mission is to help the group deal with the topic in a way that draws maximum participation from group members.
observer
Observer
  • He/she must resist the temptation to express an opinion during the discussion.
  • He/she must watch for subtle actions and reactions that affect the group process: sharing in the participation, support (or lack of it) for ideas contributed, indicators of enthusiasm or boredom, the quality of listening, and the general emotional atmosphere.
  • Restraint and the need to be alert to the many group process indicators make the observer's role a challenge.
recorder
Recorder
  • Concerned with the content of the discussion.
  • Write a record in the form of brief highlights (specific points made)
  • Recorder can contribute to the discussion
participants
Participants
  • Ultimate control of the conduct of the discussion is in the hands of the participants.
  • A high degree of dedication to group maturity on the part of the members will assist the discussion leader and recorder and will help to stimulate productive discussion.
role of the discussion leader
Role of the discussion leader
  • Guide group along lines of the discussion procedure.
  • Help group make necessary decisions.
  • Help to obtain balanced participation.
  • Make sure that each suggestion is heard and considered.
  • Maintain friendly atmosphere.
  • Assist group members with any difficulty in communication.
  • Keep group working toward stated goal.
  • Help members accept criticism of their ideas.
  • Help members build on others' ideas.
  • Encourage cooperative, over individual, effort.
  • The discussion leader should not:
  • Think that he or she knows more about the topic than other members.
  • Take over the discussion.
role of the observer
Role of the observer
  • Observe and be prepared to comment on:
  • Balance of participation.
  • Emotional atmosphere.
  • Communication difficulties.
  • Decision-making procedures.
  • Dependency on discussion leader or on other group members.
  • Examples of good group process.
  • Breaches of good group conduct.
  • Quality of listening.
  • Presence of conflict and how it is handled.
  • The observer is concerned primarily with the group process — how the group works — and not what was said in the discussion.
role of the recorder
Role of the recorder
  • Help discussion leader interpret and synthesize ideas for quick and brief recording.
  • Record topics and ideas in an orderly fashion.
  • Record with as little distraction as possible.
  • Help group follow logical procedure.
  • Record only main points or highlights of group discussion.
  • Be prepared to comment on content of discussion and its progress toward the group's stated goal.
  • Refrain from guiding discussion
today s discussion
Today’s discussion

Step 1: Think of an interesting topic and write it on a piece of paper, give the paper to A. Erica

Step 2: Form groups of 4-5

Step 3: Choose your roles (leader, observer, recorder, participants)

Step 4: Choose a piece of paper

Step 5: Discuss the topic for 10 – 15 minutes

Step 6: Share the main points of your discussion with the class