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Chapter 19: Motor Development. PED 383: Adapted Physical Education Dr. Johnson. Definition. Progressive change in movement behavior throughout the life cycle Dynamic systems theory We better understand the PROCESS Phases of Motor Development We better understand the PRODUCT. Catagories.

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chapter 19 motor development

Chapter 19:Motor Development

PED 383: Adapted Physical Education

Dr. Johnson

definition
Definition
  • Progressive change in movement behavior throughout the life cycle
  • Dynamic systems theory
    • We better understand the PROCESS
  • Phases of Motor Development
    • We better understand the PRODUCT
catagories
Catagories
  • Stability
    • Any movement that places a premium on gaining or maintaining equilibrium in relation to the forces of gravity
  • Locomotion
    • Movement that involves a change in location of the body relative to a fixed point on the surface
  • Manipulation
    • Gross and fine motor manipulation
phases of motor development
Phases of Motor Development
  • Reflexive Movement Phase
  • Rudimentary Movement Phase
  • Fundamental Movement Phase
  • Specialized Movement Phase
reflexive movement phase
Reflexive Movement Phase
  • Involuntary, subcortically controlled movements
    • Start in the womb
    • Continue through life (this stage until 1 year)
      • Tables on Pg 384-384
  • Information – encoding
    • In the womb – 4 months
    • Involuntary movements
    • Gather information, nourishment, and protection
  • Information – decoding
    • 4 months – 1 year
    • Voluntary control of movements
  • Developmental Divergence
    • Complete absence is less concerning than going too long
rudimentary movement phase
Rudimentary Movement Phase
  • Maturationally determined behaviors seen in the normally functioning infant
    • birth to 2 years
  • Reflex Inhibition
    • Birth to 1 year
    • Movements influenced by the developing cortex
    • Some reflexes disappear, new reflexes immerge
      • Movements appear uncoordinated
  • Precontrol
    • 1-2 years
    • Gaining control of movements
    • Rapid gains in cognition and movement
  • Developmental Divergence
    • CNS disorders can hinder motor development
    • Sensory impairments can also highly impact development
fundamental movement phase
Fundamental Movement Phase
  • Basic movement skills that are building blocks for more development and refined movement skills
    • 2-7 years
  • Initial
    • 2-3 years
    • Improper sequences or missing parts
    • Poor coordination
  • Elementary
    • 4-5 years
    • Better control and rhythm
  • Mature
    • 6-7 years
    • Mechanically efficient and coordinated / controlled
  • Developmental Divergence
    • Wider gaps
    • Focus on outcome, not so much the steps
specialized movement phase
Specialized Movement Phase
  • Movement skills become used for a purpose, instead of fun. (ie. Sports or recreation)
    • 7-14+ years
  • Transitional
    • 7-10 years
    • Greater form and accuracy
    • Combinations of skills
  • Application
    • 11-13 years
    • Conscious decisions about participation
  • Lifelong Utilization
    • 14+ years
    • Picking what they like to do, or are good at
  • Developmental Divergence
    • Health benefits as adults
    • Occupational or recreational