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Fig. 5-1a, p. 100

Fig. 5-1a, p. 100

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Fig. 5-1a, p. 100

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  1. Fig. 5-1a, p. 100

  2. Fig. 5-1b, p. 100

  3. Fig. 5-2, p. 103

  4. (a) Span worm (b) Wandering leaf insect (c) Bombardier beetle (d) Foul-tasting monarch butterfly (f) Viceroy butterfly mimics monarch butterfly (e) Poison dart frog (g) Hind wings of Io moth resemble eyes of a much larger animal. (h) When touched, snake caterpillar changes shape to look like head of snake. Fig. 5-2, p. 103

  5. (a) Span worm (b) Wandering leaf insect (c) Bombardier beetle (d) Foul-tasting monarch butterfly (f) Viceroy butterfly mimics monarch butterfly (e) Poison dart frog (g) Hind wings of Io moth resemble eyes of a much larger animal. (h) When touched, snake caterpillar changes shape to look like head of snake. Stepped Art Fig. 5-2, p. 103

  6. Fig. 5-A, p. 104

  7. Fig. 5-3, p. 105

  8. Fig. 5-4a, p. 105

  9. Fig. 5-4b, p. 105

  10. Fig. 5-5, p. 106

  11. Fig. 5-5a, p. 106

  12. (a) Oxpeckers and black rhinoceros Fig. 5-5a, p. 106

  13. (b) Clownfish and sea anemone Fig. 5-5b, p. 106

  14. Fig. 5-6, p. 106

  15. Fig. 5-7, p. 107

  16. Species 1 Species 2 Number of individuals Region of niche overlap Resource use Number of individuals Species 1 Species 2 Resource use Fig. 5-7, p. 107

  17. Fig. 5-8, p. 107

  18. Blackburnian Warbler Black-throated Green Warbler Cape May Warbler Bay-breasted Warbler Yellow-rumped Warbler Fig. 5-8, p. 107

  19. Blackburnian Warbler Black-throated Green Warbler Cape May Warbler Bay-breasted Warbler Yellow-rumped Warbler Stepped Art Fig. 5-8, p. 107

  20. Fig. 5-9, p. 108

  21. Fruit and seed eaters Insect and nectar eaters Greater Koa-finch Kuai Akialaoa Amakihi Kona Grosbeak Crested Honeycreeper Akiapolaau Maui Parrotbill Apapane Unkown finch ancestor Fig. 5-9, p. 108

  22. Fig. 5-B, p. 110

  23. Fig. 5-11, p. 111

  24. Environmental resistance Carrying capacity (K) Population stabilizes Population size Exponential growth Biotic potential Time (t) Fig. 5-11, p. 111

  25. Fig. 5-12, p. 111

  26. 2.0 Population overshoots carrying capacity Carrying capacity 1.5 Population recovers and stabilizes Population runs out of resources and crashes Number of sheep (millions) 1.0 Exponential growth .5 1800 1825 1850 1875 1900 1925 Year Fig. 5-12, p. 111

  27. Fig. 5-13, p. 112

  28. Population overshoots carrying capacity 2,000 1,500 Population crashes Number of reindeer 1,000 500 Carrying capacity 0 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 Year Fig. 5-13, p. 112

  29. Fig. 5-14, p. 112

  30. Carrying capacity K K species; experience K selection Number of individuals r species; experience r selection Time Fig. 5-14, p. 112

  31. Fig. 5-15, p. 114

  32. Fig. 5-16, p. 116

  33. Balsam fir, paper birch, and white spruce forest community Jack pine, black spruce, and aspen Heath mat Small herbs and shrubs Lichens and mosses Exposed rocks Time Fig. 5-16, p. 116

  34. Fig. 5-17, p. 117

  35. Annual weeds Mature oak and hickory forest Young pine forest with developing understory of oak and hickory trees Shrubs and small pine seedlings Perennial weeds and grasses Annual weeds Time Fig. 5-17, p. 117

  36. p. 121