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Nature of Canada’s Economy. CGC 1D/P1. Key Question:. How does the human environment affect and change our natural environment?. We will be looking at this through 3 different aspects:. Primary Industry Manufacturing Location Factors.

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slide2

Key Question:

How does the human environment affect and change our natural environment?

We will be looking at this through 3 different aspects:

  • Primary Industry
  • Manufacturing
  • Location Factors

Before we move on, we first need an understanding of what makes up the Canadian Economy

economic structure of canada
Economic Structure of Canada

Economic System

  • The organization in which products and services are made and used up
slide4

The economy is made up of two different types of people:

Producers:

people who harvest, manufacture products or provide services.

Consumers:people who use products and services.

slide5

How we categorize our economic industries

Primary Industries

Secondary Industries

Tertiary Industries

Quaternary Industries

slide6
-industries that harvest natural resources

(natural resources: air, soil, water, oil, plants, rocks, minerals, wildlife)

Primary Industries

Examples of Industries: mining, forestry, oil and gas, agriculture, fishing, hunting, trapping

slide8

Labour

  • - Lower number of people employed than other industry levels due to mechanization of the job (one person per big machine)
  • Skilled labour due to the specialization of the job (college diploma and apprenticeship)
slide9
Secondary Refining Industries

- process raw materials into industrial products

Industries: Steel mills, paper mills, textile mills, plastic manufacturers, flour mill

slide10

Labour

  • - Larger number of people employed than primary industry but still lower than manufacturing industry
  • Some college skilled labour (steel milling), Often industry trained labour
slide11
-process industrial products into goods

Secondary Manufacturing Industry

Industries: car makers, garment industry, furniture makers, industrial bakers

slide12

Labour

  • - Larger number of people in a factory
  • Often industry trained labour, low skill labour
slide13
-provide services and distribution of final products to the market

Industries: retail sales, utilities, public administration, communications, health care, restaurants, education

Tertiary Industry

slide14

Labour

  • Large number of people employed in this industry
  • Labour skill varies:
  • Low skill labour (ex cashier),
  • college trained (ex. chef, paramedic),
  • University trained (ex. accountant, pharmacist)
slide15
-provides intellectual services

Industries: Scientific research, information technology, consultants,

Quaternary Industry

slide16

Labour

  • Small of people employed in this industry
  • Very highly trained employees (many years of university)
slide17

Basic and Non-Basic Industries

Basic Industries

  • Industries that sell their products outside the community, bringing “new” money into the community

Non-Basic Industries

  • Industries that sell their products within the community, not bringing “new” money into the community
slide18

Decide if the description is an example of either a basic or non-basic industry:

Basic

Non- basic

Non- basic

Basic

Non- basic

Basic

Basic

Non- basic

Basic

Non- basic

slide19

Now it’s your turn:

Complete the following work from your textbook:

Pg 276

#’s 2, 3c, 4

Prepare for tomorrow: MINING

Using your textbook

-Provide definitions for the following terms: minerals, metallic minerals, fossil fuels, and industrial minerals (p 326)

-What is the difference between strip, open and underground mining (p 334)