Download
psychology is the scientific study of n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Psychology is the scientific study of PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Psychology is the scientific study of

Psychology is the scientific study of

393 Views Download Presentation
Download Presentation

Psychology is the scientific study of

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Psychology is the scientific study of • A) Behavior • B) the Psyche • C) Sex & Aggression • D) Mental Processes • A) Behavior

  2. Which of the following are the goals of Psychology? • Describe, manipulate, control, and examine behavior • Describe, explain, predict, and change behavior • Predict, control, examine and change behavior • Manipulate, control, explain, and change behavior • B) describe, explain, predict, and change behavior

  3. Applied research is conducted to study • How people apply knowledge in an educational setting • Theoretical questions that may or may not have real-world applications • The goals of psychology • A specific real-world problem • D) A specific real-world problem

  4. A procedure to ensure that each individual has the same probability as any other of being in a given group is called _____. • Random selection • Random assignment • Representative selection • Representative assignment • B. Random assignment

  5. Only the experiment allows one to investigate __________. • Relationships • Correlations • Causation • The goals of psychology • C) Causation

  6. The tendency of experimenters to influence the results of their experiment in an expected direction is called ____. • Experimenter bias • Control bias • Observational bias • Experimental bias • A) Experimenter bias

  7. The experimental group in an experiment is the group in which the participants _____. • Do not receive the independent variable • Receive the dependent variable • Do not receive the DV • Receive the IV • D. Receive the IV

  8. The first step in the scientific method is _____. • Forming a testable hypothesis • Developing a theory • Reviewing the literature of existing theories • Designing a study • C. Reviewing the literature of existing theories

  9. The total of all possible cases from which a sample is selected is called the __________. • A) subject pool • B) population • C) selection group • D) control group • B) population

  10. Freud’s research is not well supported, mostly because he used _______ as a method of study. • A) naturalistic observation • B) case study • C) correlation • D) surveys and questionnaires • B) Case Study

  11. The ______ variable is the variable that is measured. • A) Independent • B) Intervening • C) Controlled • D) Dependent • D) Dependent

  12. A hypothesis is derived from a ______. • A) idea • B) research paper • C) brainstorming • D) theory • D) theory

  13. The three major parts of a neuron are the _______. • glia, dendrites, and myelin • Myelin, dendrites, and axon • Dendrites, axon and soma • Axon, glia and myelin • C) dendrites, axon and soma

  14. The major ions involved in the resting and action potential are ________. • Sodium and hydrogen • Hydrogen and potassium • DNA and RNA • Potassium and sodium • D) Potassium and sodium

  15. Myelin, the fatty insulation surrounding the axon, is required for ___________. • Complex cognitive tasks • Complex motor tasks • Increasing the speed of the action potential • All of these options • C) Increasing the speed of the action potential

  16. The parasympathetic and sympathetic are the major divisions of the __________ nervous system. • Autonomic • Somatic • Central • Automatic • A) Autonomic

  17. The major divisions of the CNS are __________. • A) sympathetic and parasympathetic • B) somatic and autonomic • C) gray matter and white matter • D) brain and spinal cord • D) brain and spinal cord

  18. The frontal, parietal, occipital, and temporal lobes make up the ________. • A) brain • B) cerebral cortex • C) subcortex • D) brain stem • B) Cerebral cortex

  19. This structure at the top of the brain stem is involved in respirations, movement, waking, sleep, and dreaming. • Medulla • Pons • Cerebellum • Reticular formation • B. Pons

  20. The __________ system prepares your body to respond to stress. • A) central nervous • B) fight or flight • C) peripheral • D) somatic • B) fight or flight

  21. The _____ serves as the major sensory relay area for the brain. • Hypothalamus • Thalamus • Cortex • Hindbrain • B. Thalamus

  22. The corpus callosum __________. • A) maintains your balance • B) keeps you breathing • C) connects your right and left hemispheres • D) is the center of your personality • C) connects your right and left hemispheres

  23. The limbic system is involved with your __________. • A) ability to move and maintain posture • B) sense of touch and pain • C) basic bodily functions • D) emotional behavior • D) emotional behavior

  24. The __________ is the brain structure most associated with the formation of new memories. • A) hypothalamus • B) thalamus • C) hippocampus • D) pituitary gland • C) hippocampus

  25. ___, ___, ___ are the three major techniques for scanning the brain. • A) PET, CAT, DOG • B) PET, CT, MRI • C) MRI, CAT, FSH • D) CT, MRI, NFL • B) PET, CT, MRI

  26. Spontaneous recovery occurs when _________ suddenly reappears. • A) your lost wallet • B) a previously extinguished response • C) an extinct instinct • D) a forgotten stimulus-response sequence • B) a previously extinguished response

  27. A relatively permanent change in behavior is __________. • Learning • Conditioning • Behavior modification • Modeling • A) Learning

  28. Once classical conditioning has occurred, the CR may be elicited by stimuli that are similar to the CS. This is called _________. • Generalization • Discrimination • Spontaneous conditioning • Replication of the effect • A) Generalization

  29. Higher order conditioning occurs when a(n) _________. • Previously NS elicits a CR • NS is paired with a CS • NS is paried with and UCS • UCR is paired with a CS • B) NS is paired with a previous NS

  30. Anything that causes an increase in a response is a(n) __________. • A) conditioned stimulus • B) reinforcement • C) punishment • D) unconditioned stimulus • B) reinforcement

  31. Anything that causes a decrease in a response is a(n) __________. • A) conditioned stimulus • B) reinforcement • C) punishment • D) unconditioned stimulus • C) punishment

  32. Negative reinforcement and punishment are __________. • A) the same • B) the best ways to learn a new behavior • C) not the same because negative reinforcement increases behavior and punishment decreases behavior • D) not the same, even though they both decrease behavior • C)

  33. The information processing approach is used by _________. • A) humanistic psychologists • B) behaviorists • C) functionalists • D) cognitive psychologists • D) cognitive psychologists

  34. Gamblers continue to put their money into slot machines because they pay off __________. • A) on a variable ratio • B) at variable intervals • C) at fixed intervals • D) on a fixed ratio • A) on a variable ratio

  35. If you reinforce your dog for sitting by giving him a treat every third time he sites, you are using a __________. • A) continuous schedule of reinforcement • B) random ratio reinforcement schedule • C) fixed interval reinforcement schedule • D) fixed ratio reinforcement schedule • D) fixed ratio reinforcement schedule

  36. Individuals who believe they are unable to control or escape from sources of pain may develop __________. • A) Learned Helplessness • B) Panic Disorder • C) Depression • D) OCD • A) Learned Helplessness

  37. What was Pavlov originally trying to study? • A) Eating behavior of dogs • B) saliva processes • C) digestive system • D) meat powder • C) digestive system

  38. Food, water and sex are examples of • A) Negative reinforcers • B) Secondary reinforcers • C) Positive reinforcers • D) Primary reinforcers • D) Primary reinforcers

  39. Spontaneous recovery occurs when _________ suddenly reappears. • A) your lost wallet • B) a previously extinguished response • C) an extinct instinct • D) a forgotton stimulus-response sequence • B) a previously extinguished response

  40. Dolphin training is done via what principle of learning. • A) continuous reinforcement schedule • B) Generalization • C) Discrimination • D) Shaping • D) Shaping

  41. Developmental psychologists are NOT interested in _____ • a)fetal well-being • b) age-related differences • c) age-related similarities • d) life after death • d) life after death

  42. Age at crawling, walking, and toilet training is primarily dependent on the _____ • a) education level of the parents • b) specific training techniques of the child’s caretakers • c) maturational readiness of the child • d) genetic influences inherited from both mother and father • c) maturational readiness of the child

  43. The period of life when an individual first becomes capable of reproduction is known as_____ • a) the growth spurt • b) adolescence • c) puberty • d) the latency period • c) puberty

  44. According to the language theory of Noam Chomsky, _____. • Children are born “prewired” to learn language • Language development is primarily a result of rewards and modeling of adult speed • Overgeneralizations of speech result from faulty development of the LAD • Language development cannot be determined • a) Children are born “prewired” to learn language

  45. Harlow’s research with infant monkeys and artificial surrogate mothers indicates that ______. • The most important factor in infant development is a loving environment • Attachment is not essential to normal development • There is no significant difference in the choice of wire or terrycloth mothers • The most important variable in attachment may be contact comfort • d) The most important variable in attachment may be contact comfort

  46. Schemas are cognitive structures that contain organized ideas about the world and _____ • Expand or differentiate with experience • May assimilate new information • May accommodate new information • All of the above • d) All of the above

  47. Egocentrism is present in which of Piaget’s stages of cognitive development? • Preoperational and formal operational • Preoperational only • Sensorimotor and preoperational • Sensorimotor only • a) Preoperational and formal operational

  48. According to Piaget, an infant acqures _____ when he or she understands that people and things continue to exist even when they cannot directly be seen, heard, or be touched. • Conservation • Reversibility • Egocentrism • Object permanence • d) Object permanence

  49. By age _____ most children are capable of communicating adequately in their native language. • 2 • 5 • 7 • 8 • b) 5

  50. Chomsky’s language acquisition device (LAD) is _____. • A child’s inborn ability to learn language • A device given to deaf children to help them learn language despite their hearing loss • Learned in infancy when parents use “baby talk” to stimulate its development • The ability of some children to acquire many languages easily • a) A child’s inborn ability to learn language