SOCCER Team Sports
HISTORY • More than 240 million people around the world play soccer regularly. • Records trace the history of soccer back more than 2,000 years ago to ancient China. Greece, Rome and parts of Central America also claim to have started the sport. • The game has evolved from the sport of kicking around a rudimentary animal-hide ball, human head, or animal bladder, into the World Cup sport it is today.
HISTORY • Modern soccer was born in 1863 when the English Football Association was founded and set the first basic rules. • Red and yellow cards were introduced during the 1970 World Cup finals. • Red card results in ejection from game, yellow card results in a verbal warning.
SOCCER EQUIPMENT • Goals • Balls • Pinnies
HOW TO PLAY • There are 11 players including the goalie. • Play initiates with a kickoff by a player. This player is not allowed to touch the ball again until it is touched by another player. • Regulation game is 2-45 minute halves. • Points are scored by advancing the ball into the opponent’s goal. • The team with the most goals at the end of regulation and stoppage play wins. • There is no time outs. Game is played on a continuous clock.
DEFENDERS The 3 or 4 players on a team whose primary task is to stop the opposition from scoring; also called fullbacks.
MIDFIELDERS The 2 to 4 players who transition the ball from offense to defense; they play behind their forwards
FORWARDS The 3 or 4 players on a team who are responsible for most of a team's scoring; they play in front of the rest of their team where they can take most of the shots; also called strikers and wingers.
GOALIE The player positioned directly in front of the goal who tries to prevent shots from getting into the net behind him; the only player allowed to use his hands and arms, though only within the penalty area
KICKOFF The method of starting a game or restarting it after each goal; a player passes the ball forward to a teammate from the center spot.
DRIBBLE Moving the ball under control from one place to another using the feet DRIBBLING VIDEO
TRAPPING To catch and bring the soccer ball to rest using the feet and legs TRAPPING VIDEO
SHOOTING Trying to score in the opposing team’s goal SHOOTING VIDEO
LEAD PASS A forward pass made ahead of a moving teammate
HEADING Advancing the ball with the player’s head HEADING VIDEO
GOALTENDING Stopping the opposing team from scoring in your goal
THROW IN Throwing a ball over the head to put it back in play while keeping feet on the ground
PENALTY KICK Direct free kick from the penalty mark.
OUT-OF-BOUNDS KICKS Goalie Kick Corner Kick If the attacking team was the last to touch the ball when it goes out of bounds behind the endline, then a goalie kick is awarded. If the defendingteam was the last to touch the ball when it goes out of bounds behind the endline, then a corner kick is awarded.