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Framework Implementation Network Alexander Hotel – 24 th Feb 2010. Realising lifelong learning: Online and distance education Seamus Fox Oscail - DCU. Outline. Distance Education & Technology Lifelong Learning Growth in Online Education Situation in Ireland Potential in Ireland

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framework implementation network alexander hotel 24 th feb 2010

Framework Implementation NetworkAlexander Hotel – 24th Feb 2010

Realising lifelong learning: Online and distance education

Seamus Fox

Oscail - DCU

FIN -24Feb2010

outline
Outline
  • Distance Education & Technology
  • Lifelong Learning
  • Growth in Online Education
  • Situation in Ireland
  • Potential in Ireland
  • Barriers
  • Conclusions

FIN -24Feb2010

distance education technologies
Distance Education & Technologies
  • Correspondence
  • Broadcast
  • Multimedia (Text, Video, Audio, CBL)
  • Telelearning (Audio & Video Conf)
  • Resources & Asynchronous CMC
  • Synchronous & Asynchronous CMC
  • [Immersive?]

FIN -24Feb2010

online technologies
Online Technologies
  • Paper – The eLearning Technologies
  • Large Number of Technologies & Growing
  • History of Technology in Education
  • Beware Hype of ‘Latest Fad’
  • Three Key Technologies
    • Online Journal Databases
    • Virtual Learning Environments
    • Synchronous Web Conferencing
  • Online Administration

FIN -24Feb2010

lifelong learning
Lifelong Learning
  • Portmanteau Term
  • Education and Training
  • Education
    • Educational Disadvantaged
    • Personal interest/’Folk’ Colleges
    • People with Disabilities
    • Upskilling of workforce
    • Mature Students/’Second Chance’

FIN -24Feb2010

growth of online education
Growth of Online Education
  • United States
    • Over 800 colleges offering at least one fully online UG programmes
    • Almost 600 colleges offering at least one fully online PG programme
    • Almost 4m students taking at least one fully online course
  • Australia – dual mode embedded?
  • Canada – Athabasca & large providers

FIN -24Feb2010

course classification
Course Classification

FIN -24Feb2010

reasons for growth
Reasons for Growth
  • Rising Cost of Higher Education
  • Traditional HE Highly Inflexible (“Corralled Education”)
  • Online/Distance Education
    • Time
    • Place
    • Workload/Credits
    • Equivalence of Awards
  • Fits Adult Work/Family Commitments

FIN -24Feb2010

rhetoric
Rhetoric
  • OECD (2006): Equity of Access, Lifelong Learning
  • HEA’s Strategic Plan(2008): Flexibility, P/T, Distance Learning
  • National Access Plan (2008): Mature Students
  • Smart Economy (2009): Flexible Learning for Upskilling

FIN -24Feb2010

ireland
Ireland
  • Population (Total) – 4,239,848
  • Population (15+) - 3,375, 399
  • F/T Education Ceased – 2,850,333
  • No Third-level Qualification – 1,890,994
  • Upper 2ndry Highest – 803,498
  • Upper 2ndry (20 to 44) – 477,841
  • At University/3rd Level – 349,596
  • Policy Anomaly

(Source: CSO 2006)

FIN -24Feb2010

who are they
Who are they?
  • Highest Upper Secondary (2006)
    • Employers/Managers/Professionals – 22%
    • Non-manual & Manual Workers – 63%
  • Entrants Higher Education (2004)
    • Employers/Managers/Professionals – 41%
    • Non-manual & Manual Workers – 30%

Sources: CSO 2006 & O’Connell et al 2006

FIN -24Feb2010

government funding of students on level 8 courses universities
Government Funding of Students on Level 8 Courses - Universities

“Socialism for the rich, capitalism for the poor” G Vidal

FIN -24Feb2010

university sector
University Sector

FIN -24Feb2010

cao net acceptances
CAO Net Acceptances

FIN -24Feb2010

in summary
In Summary

Funding mechanisms are undermining (rhetorical?) policy objective of promoting lifelong learning.

Exception - Labour Market Activisation Scheme

FIN -24Feb2010

other barriers
Other Barriers
  • Institutional structure of Irish Universities
  • Incentive systems
  • Scepticism about fully online & reluctance to move/change face to face model
  • Academic cultures which adapt online T&L technologies to replicate/support existing pedagogies, not to disrupt them
  • Requires policy drivers

FIN -24Feb2010

cultural change
Cultural Change
  • Status of Teaching
  • Move of Full-time Staff to Academic Manager role
  • Focus on Assessment & Quality Assurance
  • Highly Trained ‘Adjunct’ Staff
  • Incorporation of eLearning (Admin, Library, etc as well as Teaching)

FIN -24Feb2010

conclusions
Conclusions
  • Lifelong Learning - Portmanteau
  • Focus on ‘nearly readies’ & high-level upskilling
  • Online education highly appropriate for these groups
  • Need to (1) Change funding policies and (2) Change culture of HEIs

FIN -24Feb2010

seamus fox

Seamus Fox

Academic Director & Chair-IT Programme

Oscail, Dublin City University, Dublin 9, Ireland

Tel: -353-1-7005502

E-Mail: foxs@dcu.ie

Website: http://www.dcu.ie/~foxs/

FIN -24Feb2010

iot sector
IoT Sector

FIN -24Feb2010