BELL QUIZ: PAGE 241-242 • In what city was Muhammad born? • What Angel visited Muhammad and taught him the gospel? • In what book can Muhammad’s teachings be studied? 4) What city accepted Muhammad’s teachings after he was kicked out of Mecca? 5) What happened to the city of Mecca in 630 A.D.?
BELL QUIZ ANSWERS • Mecca • Angel Gabriel • Qur’an • Medina • Muhammad attacked the city of Mecca in 624 A.D. and the city surrendered in 630 A.D. The inhabitants of Mecca and the Kaaba shrine were converted over to Islam.
Chapter 11 Section 1&2 Terms Section 1:Section 2: Hijrah Caliph Jihad Imams Mosques Sultan Muhammad Abu Bakr Islam Umar Muslims Sunni Qur’an Shi’ah Sufi Tariq Moors
Arabia • Crossroads of 3 continents: Africa, Asia, Europe. • Peninsula: 1200 miles North to South. 1300 miles East to West. • Some fertile land in South Arabia and along coastal regions, but most of land is desert.
Desert Nomads • Organized into tribes to provide security on the desert range. • Fertile areas developed into farming communities by 600 A.D. • Desert people were sheep and camel herders. • Exported trade products=spice and incense
MUHAMMAD • Muhammad was born in 570 A.D. in the city of Mecca. • Muhammad became a caravan trader traveling the world and interacting with a variety of people (Jews, Christians, Arabs, etc.)…monotheistic and polytheistic.
MUHAMMAD CHOSEN AS A PROPHET • When Muhammad was 40 years old he was visited by the Angel Gabriel and given verses to recite (Ramadan). • Over the years Muhammad reported receiving many more revelations from Gabriel (the revelations are found in the Qur’an). • It is believed that at one time Muhammad was taken up into the heavens and taught the gospel for 1 week.
DOME OF THE ROCK: Jerusalem • The Muslims later built a temple on the spot where it is believed that Muhammad was taken up into the heavens. • This spot is the same location where 1) Abraham was commanded to sacrifice his son. 2) Site of Solomon’s temple. 3) Location of the Last Supper, Crucifixion, and Resurrection.
MUHAMMAD EXPELLED • Muhammad’s teachings were initially rejected by the people of Mecca and Muhammad was expelled from the city. • Muhammad flees to Medina (hijrah) where his teachings are accepted . Many are converted to Islam. • In 624 A.D. Muhammad and his followers attack Mecca to get revenge for his expulsion. • Mecca surrenders in 630 A.D.
MECCA AND THE KAABA • Muhammad destroys the thousands of idols in the Kaaba and turns it into a holy place for his followers. • Muhammad rededicated the Kaaba to the worship of one god, Allah. • Muhammad dies in 632 A.D. but almost every Arab tribe had already converted to Islam.