Ethics: The Study of Right and Wrong. The Ancients (5th-4th Centuries BC) Socrates, Plato, Aristotle The Moderns (17th-19th Centuries) Descartes, Hume, Kant Contemporary Schools(20th Century) Positivism, Existentialism, Pragmatism. Instructions:
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There is a Universally Valid Code.
We have it.
The Ethnocentric Fallacy
Error of Judging Others By Standard Not Their Own
Mathematics as a Normative Model
The Mathnocentric Fallacy?
Common Sense Fallibility
If it suits me, it is right.
If it suits the agent, it is right.
It is right if it leads to more good than harm.
It is right if it leads to more good than harm as a rule.
It is right if it is the custom.
The Categorical Imperative
If it is right, it is universalizable;
It treats others as an end-in-themselves, not just as a means to an end;
It is motivated by a sense of duty defined by the moral law.
If, at the end of inquiry, we say it is right, it is right.
From moral skepticism to common sense fallibilism as practical necessity.Ethical Theory (Cont.)
Morality as in the eye of the beholder.
Morality as a matter of fact.
Morality as venting.