Contents I.Warm-up II. Background Information III. Language Study IV. Text Appreciation
I. Warm-up • Phrases of Colors • Comparison and Contrast
1Phrases of Colors Please study carefully the following interesting phrases of colors. 1) Green 2) Blue 3) Black 4) White
1) Green 1. green tea 2. a green climate 3. a green young novice 4. at the green age of 17 5. green politics 6. give (sb. ) the green light 7. green belt 1. 绿茶 2. 温和的气候 3. 无经验的年轻新手 4. 正当年华的十七岁 5. 主张保护环境的政见 6. 准许某人做某事 7. 绿化带 Translation
8. 园艺技能 9. 绿皮书（政府提案的初 步报 告，供讨论） 10. 面色苍白/不健康 11. 处境顺利；在青春时期 12. 乘客由于晕车而脸色发青。 13. 柯林看到同事升职非常眼 红。 14. 退休后，他决心老当益壮活得开心。 • Green 8. green fingers 9. Green Paper 10. green around the gills 11. in the green wood 12. The passenger turned green with carsickness. 13. Colin was absolutely green when he saw his colleague’s promotion. 14. After retirement, he made up his mind to live to a green old age. Translation
1. 乏味的一天 2. 遍体鳞伤；青一块紫一块 3. 忧郁的星期一(尤指与欢乐 的周末对比) 4. 贵族血统 5. 宠儿 6. 千载难逢的机会 7. 脸色发青，极度愤怒 8. 无价值的, 不切实际的 9. 漫天讨价 2) Blue 1. a blue day 2. black and blue 3. blue Monday 4. blue blood 5. blue-eyed boys 6. once in a blue moon 7. blue in the face 8. blue-sky 9. blue sky bargaining Translation
10. 极度的惊恐 11. 一醉方休 12. 意外 13. 晴天霹雳 14. 下流的笑话 15. 女学者 16. 蓝绶带；一流的 17. 编辑；删除 18. 处于极度恐惧之中 19. 遥不可测 2) Blue 10. blue fear 11. drink till all’s blue 12. out of the blue 13. a bolt from the blue 14. a blue joke 15. blue stocking 16. blue ribbon 17. blue-pencil 18. in a blue funk 19. into the blue Translation
1. 漆黑 2. 红茶 3. 遍体鳞伤；青一块紫 一块 4. 白纸黑字地，书面地 5. 混淆是非 6. 黑钱（指来源不正当而且没有向政府报税的钱） 7. 黑领结；小礼服 8. 盈利、赚钱、顺差 3) Black 1. as black as pitch 2. black tea 3. black and blue 4. in black and white 5. call white black /call black white 6. black money 7. black tie 8. in the black Translation
3) Black 9. give sb. a black look 10. black sheep 11. black Friday 12. black lie 13. blackmail 14. The pot calls the kettle black. 15. black deeds 16. black thoughts 9. 恶狠狠地瞥某人一眼 10. 害群之马 11. 耶稣受难日；不吉利的星期五 12. 用心险恶的谎言 13. 勒索 14. 五十步笑百步。 15. 恶劣行为 16. 忧郁的想法 Translation
1. 没有硝烟的战争，常指 “经济竞争”。 2. 大减价 3. 银币 4. 无用而累赘的东西 5. 罕见的事物 6. 白光大街(指城里灯光 烂的商业区) 7. 善意的谎言 8. 牛奶咖啡 9. 胆怯 10. 白纸黑字地，书面地 4)White 1. white war 2. white sale 3. white money 4. white elephant 5. white crow 6. the white way 7. a white lie 8. white coffee 9. white feather 10. in black and white Translation
Think about the Chinese idioms or sayings of different colors. 2. Comparison and Contrast Work in groups. Cooperation is encouraged!
Work in groups. • Is there any difference between the color usage in English and Chinese?
Work in groups. Guess What is possibly to be mentioned in the text about the green bananas?
II. Background Information 1.Author and the Text 2.Ethnocentrism and Other Related Terms 3. Inter-cultural Understanding 4. Culture Shock 5. Tower of Babel
1. Author and the Text The text is taken from Beyond Experience: An Experiential Approach to Cross-cultural Education edited by Donald Batchelder and Elizabeth G. Warner in 1974. When the second edition of the book was published in 1993, Batchelder explained his view on cross-cultural education:
“If some of the goals of education in modern times are to open up possibilities for discovery and expand learning and the chance for mutual acceptance and recognition in a wider world, it may be important to offer students a perspective on their own immediate center of the world by enabling them to participate sensitively as cross-cultural sojourners旅居者，寄居者 to the center of someone else’s world.”
2. Ethnocentrism 民族优越感and other related terms Ethnocentrism Cultural Chauvinism Relativism Racism
Ethnocentrism • Ethnocentrism • (种族优越论) "Ethnic" refers to cultural heritage, and "centrism" refers to the central starting point or the tendency of people to put their own group at the center. Thus, "ethnocentrism" basically refers to judging other groups from one’s own cultural point of view, or misinterpreting other cultures because one uses the concepts of his own culture.
Ethnocentrism can lead to making false assumptions about others' ways based on one’s own limited experience. The key word is assumptions, because we are not even aware that we are being ethnocentric. That is people don't understand that they don't understand. For example, American people often talk about British drivers driving "on the wrong side" of the road. They don’t just say, "opposite side" or even "left hand side". Everybody can be ethnocentric, as all of us around the world assume things about other people's ways. • Ethnocentrism • (种族优越论)
Chauvinism Chauvinism is a word derived from the name of Nicolas Chauvin, a soldier of the First French Empire. Used first for a passionate admiration of Napoleon, it now expresses exaggerated and aggressive nationalism. As a social phenomenon, chauvinism is essentially modern, becoming marked in the era of acute national rivalries and imperialism beginning in the 19th century. Chauvinism exalts consciousness觉悟；感觉 of nationality, spreads hatred of minorities and other nations, and is associated with militarism军国主义；尚武精神, imperialism, and racism. In the 1960s, the term “male chauvinist” appeared in the women's liberation movement; it is applied to males who refuse to regard females as equals. • Chauvinism • (沙文主义)
Racism • Racism • (种族主义) Racism is the belief that race accounts for differences in human character or ability and that a particular race is superior to others. Sometimes, this term is also used to refer to discrimination or prejudice based on race.
cultural relativism Ethnocentrism is often linked to a sociological theory社会学理论 called "cultural relativism". Cultural relativists assert that concepts are socially constructed and vary cross-culturally. These concepts may include such fundamental notions as what is considered true, morally correct, and what constitutes knowledge or even reality itself. • Cultural Relativism • (文化相对主义)
3. Inter-cultural Understanding You may communicate with people that have very different histories, languages, and ways of doing and thinking. They may have a different sense of time, and a different sense of humor. They may have different ways of expressing feelings, and different perceptions of many things in the world. In a word, they have different cultures. Please think about your own relevant experience.
3. Inter-cultural Understanding Social issues form the backbone of any culture. People in different countries conduct their lives in different ways. It is far better to know the rules than to risk offending anyone. For example, people should know something about the country they are visiting—its history, its people, its heritage. The preparation helps people make conversation and learn more from the experience. In addition, it is a sign of respect for those you are meeting. Inter-cultural understanding does not come overnight. It will only come with preparation, effort, and an open mind. Please think about your own relevant experience.
Picture tour of World 3. Inter-cultural Understanding China
Picture tour of World 3. Inter-cultural Understanding Britain
Picture tour of World 3. Inter-cultural Understanding Egypt
Picture tour of World 3. Inter-cultural Understanding Greece
Picture tour of World 3. Inter-cultural Understanding Italy
Picture tour of World 3. Inter-cultural Understanding Mo'rocco摩洛哥
Picture tour of World 3. Inter-cultural Understanding Nigeria尼日利亚
Picture tour of World 3. Inter-cultural Understanding Paris
Picture tour of World 3. Inter-cultural Understanding Russia
Picture tour of World 3. Inter-cultural Understanding South Africa
Picture tour of World 3. Inter-cultural Understanding Switzerland
Picture tour of World 3. Inter-cultural Understanding Australia
Picture tour of World 3. Inter-cultural Understanding Greenland格陵兰
4. Culture Shock Click the picture for more information.
4. Culture Shock The term, culture shock文化冲击，文化休克（指初到异国时的焦虑、孤独和困惑感）, was introduced for the first time in 1958 to describe the anxiety produced when a person moves to a completely new environment. This term expresses the lack of direction, the feeling of not knowing what to do or how to do things in a new environment, and not knowing what is appropriate or inappropriate. The feeling of culture shock generally sets in 开始；到来after the first few weeks of coming to a new place.
4. Culture Shock We can describe culture shock as the physical and emotional discomfort one suffers when coming to live in another country or a place different from the place of origin. Often, the way that we lived before is not accepted as or considered as normal in the new place. Everything is different, for example, not speaking the language, not knowing how to use banking machines, not knowing how to use the telephone and so forth.
5. Tower of Babel 通天塔,巴别塔 Click the picture for more information.
5. Tower of Babel This allusionis from Old Testament. Genesis 11, indicating a sheer illusion. The whole world had one language and a common speech at the beginning. When people moved eastward, they found a plain in Shinar and settled there.
They said to each other: “Come, let’s make bricks and bake them thoroughly, and build a city with a tower that reaches the heavens, so that we can make a name for ourselves and not be scattered over the face of the whole earth.” They used bricks instead of stone, tarfor mortarto build the city.
The Lord came down to see the city and the tower that people were building. The Lord said: “If people speak the same language as they have begun to do this, then nothing they plan to do will be impossible. I have to go down and confuse their language so that they cannot understand each other.”
So the Lord scattered them from there over the whole world, and they stopped building the city. The tower intended to reach heaven was left unfinished and is hence called Tower of Babel. Thus, people should “understand each other”, as it was the case long before.
III. Language Study • Word Study • Phrases and Expressions • Word Building • Grammar
1. Word Study Word list: • acceptance • appreciate • assure • breakthrough • casually • destination • encounter • 8. occasion • 9. origin • 10. identity • 11. ignorance • 12. instantly • 13. leak • 14. numerous • perspective • potential • relate • scattered • tease • tend
1. Word Study 1. acceptance • n. ≠ refusal, rejection • Examples: • The new policy gained widespread acceptance. • Ten acceptances and one refusal have beenreceived since the invitations were sent out.
1. Word Study 2. appreciate • v. tounderstand and enjoy sth. • Examples: • I really appreciate your help. • The judge appreciated the courage students had displayed in the speech contest. • It’s hard to fully appreciate the essence of foreign literature in translation.